Biological Monitoring of Marine Pollutants - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780127184500, 9780323145541

Biological Monitoring of Marine Pollutants

1st Edition

Editors: F. John Vernberg
eBook ISBN: 9780323145541
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1981
Page Count: 574
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Biological Monitoring of Marine Pollutants presents the proceedings of a symposium on ""Pollution and Physiology of Marine Organisms"" held in Milford, Connecticut, on November 7-9, 1980. It looks at the physiological effects of pollutants, such as synthetic organic compounds, petroleum hydrocarbons, and heavy metals, on marine organisms ranging from fishes and shrimps to barnacles, crabs, mussels, polychaetes, and microalgae. Comprised of four sections encompassing 22 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the effects of synthetic organics, such as pesticides on marine organisms like the mysid shrimps Mysidopsis bahia. It proceeds with a discussion of the toxic effects of several chlorophenols on the grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio; how heavy metals, including silver, copper, cadmium, zinc, and mercury, affect species such as the polychaete Neanthes virens and the caridean shrimp Palaemonetes pugio; monitoring of water quality based on the biochemical and physiological responses of marine organisms to pollutants; and the effects of monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on fishes from an ecological standpoint. Marine scientists, ecologists, and students will find this book extremely useful.

Table of Contents

Contributors Preface Section I Synthetic Organics An Overview of the Acute and Chronic Effects of First and Second Generation Pesticides on an Estuarine Mysid Effects of Two Organophosphate Pesticides on Swimming Stamina of the Mysid Mysidopsis bahia Comparative Toxicology and Pharmacology of Chlorophenols: Studies on the Grass Shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio Biochemical Stress Responses of Mullet Mugil cephalus and Polychaete Worms Neanthes virens to Pentachlorophenol Section II Heavy Metals Effects of Silver on Respiration and on Ion and Water Balance in Neanthes virens Factors Affecting Trace Metal Uptake and Toxicity to Estuarine Organisms. I. Environmental Parameters Factors Affecting Trace Metal Uptake and Toxicity to Estuarine Organisms. II. Cellular Mechanisms The Effects of Copper and Cadmium on the Behavior and Development of Barnacle Larvae The Ontogeny of Resistance Adaptation and Metabolic Compensation to Salinity and Temperature by the Caridean Shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, and Modification by Sublethal Zinc Exposure The Effects of Salinity and Mercury on Developing Megalopae and Early Crab Stages of the Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun Section III Petroleum Hydrocarbons Application of Biochemical and Physiological Responses to Water Quality Monitoring The Effects of Chronic Low Concentrations of No. 2 Fuel Oil on the Physiology of a Temperate Estuarine Zooplankton Community in the MERL Microcosms Effects of Crude Oil on Growth and Mixed Function Oxygenase Activity in Polychaetes, Nereis Sp. Comparison of Several Physiological Monitoring Techniques as Applied to the Blue Mussel, Mytilus edulis, Along a Gradient of Pollutant Stress in Narrangansett Bay, Rhode Island Mercury in Mussels of Bellingham Bay, Washington (USA): The Occurrence of Mercury-Binding Proteins Monitoring Sea Scallops in the Offshore Waters of New England and the Mid-Atlantic States: Enz


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© Academic Press 1981
Academic Press
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About the Editor

F. John Vernberg

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