Biological and Environmental Effects of Arsenic - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444805133, 9781483290195

Biological and Environmental Effects of Arsenic, Volume 6

1st Edition

Editors: B.A. Fowler
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444805133
eBook ISBN: 9781483290195
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 1st January 1983
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Table of Contents


Preface

1. Mobilization of Arsenic by Natural and Industrial Processes

1.1. Introduction

1.2. Mobilization of Arsenic by Natural Processes

1.3. Mobilization of Arsenic by Industrial Activities

1.4. Summary/Comments

2. Emissions, Cycling and Effects of Arsenic in Soil Ecosystems

2.1. Sources of Arsenic

2.2. Arsenic Cycle in Soil Ecosystems

2.3. Effects of Arsenic on Microbial Organisms and Activity

2.4. Exposure through Consumption

3. Environmental Reaction and Analysis Methods

3.1. Methylation/Demethylation Cycle

3.2. Arsenic Species in Aquatic Systems

3.3. Rates of Methylation and Demethylation in Aquatic Systems

3.4. Potential for Human Exposure to Different Valences

3.5. Analytical Methods

4. Arsenical Metabolism and Toxicity to Freshwater and Marine Species

4.1. Release of Arsenic Into Freshwater/Marine Environments

4.2. Bioaccumulation of Arsenic in Freshwater/Marine Species

4.3. Arsenical Accumulation in Freshwater/Marine Biota

4.4. Arsenic Toxicity to Freshwater/Marine Biota

4.5. Summary and General Conclusions

5. Metabolism of Arsenic

5.1. Absorption

5.2. Tissue Distribution and Retention

5.3. In Vivo Metabolism

5.4. Elimination and Biological Half-Time

5.5. Summary

5.6. Further Research Needs

6. The Epidemiology of Human Arsenic Exposure

6.1. Summary

6.2. Acute Effects by Arsenic in Man

6.3. Chronic Effects by Arsenic in Man

6.4. Needs for Future Research

7. The Toxicity of Arsenic and its Compounds

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Background

7.3. Reactions of Arsenicals in Biological Systems

7.4. In Vivo Arsenic Toxicity

7.5. Conclusions and Further Research Needs

8. Overview

8.1. Emission of Arsenic Into the Environment

8.2. Biological Transformation of Arsenic Compounds in Soil Ecosystems and Effects on Plants

8.3. Environmental Transformation of Arsenic in Freshwater/Marine Ecosystems

8.4. Biotransformation of Arsenic Compounds and Toxicity to Freshwater and Marine Biota

8.5. The Metabolism of Arsenic In Mammals

8.6. Human Epidemiological Studies

8.7. The Toxicology of Arsenic

Index

Description


Preface

1. Mobilization of Arsenic by Natural and Industrial Processes

1.1. Introduction

1.2. Mobilization of Arsenic by Natural Processes

1.3. Mobilization of Arsenic by Industrial Activities

1.4. Summary/Comments

2. Emissions, Cycling and Effects of Arsenic in Soil Ecosystems

2.1. Sources of Arsenic

2.2. Arsenic Cycle in Soil Ecosystems

2.3. Effects of Arsenic on Microbial Organisms and Activity

2.4. Exposure through Consumption

3. Environmental Reaction and Analysis Methods

3.1. Methylation/Demethylation Cycle

3.2. Arsenic Species in Aquatic Systems

3.3. Rates of Methylation and Demethylation in Aquatic Systems

3.4. Potential for Human Exposure to Different Valences

3.5. Analytical Methods

4. Arsenical Metabolism and Toxicity to Freshwater and Marine Species

4.1. Release of Arsenic Into Freshwater/Marine Environments

4.2. Bioaccumulation of Arsenic in Freshwater/Marine Species

4.3. Arsenical Accumulation in Freshwater/Marine Biota

4.4. Arsenic Toxicity to Freshwater/Marine Biota

4.5. Summary and General Conclusions

5. Metabolism of Arsenic

5.1. Absorption

5.2. Tissue Distribution and Retention

5.3. In Vivo Metabolism

5.4. Elimination and Biological Half-Time

5.5. Summary

5.6. Further Research Needs

6. The Epidemiology of Human Arsenic Exposure

6.1. Summary

6.2. Acute Effects by Arsenic in Man

6.3. Chronic Effects by Arsenic in Man

6.4. Needs for Future Research

7. The Toxicity of Arsenic and its Compounds

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Background

7.3. Reactions of Arsenicals in Biological Systems

7.4. In Vivo Arsenic Toxicity

7.5. Conclusions and Further Research Needs

8. Overview

8.1. Emission of Arsenic Into the Environment

8.2. Biological Transformation of Arsenic Compounds in Soil Ecosystems and Effects on Plants

8.3. Environmental Transformation of Arsenic in Freshwater/Marine Ecosystems

8.4. Biotransformation of Arsenic Compounds and Toxicity to Freshwater and Marine Biota

8.5. The Metabolism of Arsenic In Mammals

8.6. Human Epidemiological Studies

8.7. The Toxicology of Arsenic

Index

Details

Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9781483290195

About the Editors

B.A. Fowler Editor