Bioenergetics

Bioenergetics

4th Edition - May 20, 2013

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  • Author: David G. Nicholls
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780123884251
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123884312

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Description

Extensively revised, the fourth edition of this highly successful book takes into account the many newly determined protein structures that provide molecular insight into chemiosmotic energy transduction, as well as reviewing the explosive advances in 'mitochondrial physiology'-the role of the mitochondria in the life and death of the cell. Covering mitochondria, bacteria and chloroplasts, the fourth edition of Bioenergetics provides a clear and comprehensive account of the chemiosmotic theory and its many applications. The figures have been carefully designed to be memorable and to convey the key functional and mechanistic information. Written for students and researchers alike, Bioenergetics is the most well-known, current and respected text on chemiosmotic theory and membrane bioenergetics available.

Key Features

  • BMA Medical Book Awards 2014-Highly Commended, Basic and Clinical Sciences,2014,British Medical Association
  • Chapters are now divided between three interlocking sections: basic principles, structures and mechanisms, and mitochondrial physiology
  • Covers new advances in the structure and mechanism of key bioenergetic proteins, including complex I of the respiratory chain and transport proteins
  • Details cellular bioenergetics, mitochondrial cell biology and signal transduction, and the roles of mitochondria in physiology, disease and aging
  • Offers readers clear, visual representation of structural concepts through full colour figures throughout the book

Readership

Undergraduates, graduates, postgraduates, and researchers working in biochemistry and the biological sciences

Table of Contents

  • Preface
    Glossary

    Introduction to Part 1
    1. Chemiosmotic Energy Transduction
    1.1 The Chemiosmotic Theory: Fundamentals
    1.2 The Basic Morphology of Energy-Transducing Membranes
    1.3 A Brief History of Chemiosmotic Concepts
    2. Ion Transport Across Energy-Conserving Membranes
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 The Classification of Ion Transport
    2.3 Bilayer-Mediated Transport
    2.4 Protein-Catalysed Transport
    2.5 Swelling and the Coordinate Movement of Ions across Membranes
    3. Quantitative Bioenergetics: The Measurement of Driving Forces
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Gibbs Energy and Displacement from Equilibrium
    3.3 Redox Potentials
    3.4 Ion Electrochemical Potential Differences
    3.5 Photons
    3.6 Bioenergetic Interconversions and Thermodynamic Constraints on their Stoichiometries
    3.7 The Equilibrium Distributions of Ions, Weak Acids and Weak Bases
    3.8 Membrane Potentials, Diffusion Potentials, Donnan Potentials and Surface Potentials
    4. The Chemiosmotic Proton Circuit in Isolated Organelles: Theory and Practice
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 The Proton Circuit
    4.3 Proton Current
    4.4 Voltage: The Measurement of Protonmotive Force Components in Isolated Organelles
    4.5 Proton Conductance
    4.6 ATP Synthase Reversal
    4.7 Reversed Electron Transport
    4.8 Mitochondrial Respiration Rate and Metabolic Control Analysis
    4.9 Kinetic and Thermodynamic Competence of Δp in the Proton Circuit

    Introduction to Part 2
    5. Respiratory Chains
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Components of the Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain
    5.3 The Sequence of Redox Carriers in the Respiratory Chain
    5.4 Mechanisms of Electron Transfer
    5.5 Proton Translocation by the Respiratory Chain: Loops, Conformational Pumps, or Both?
    5.6 Complex I (NADH–UQ Oxidoreductase)
    5.7 Delivering Electrons to Ubiquinone without Proton Translocation
    5.8 Ubiquinone and Complex III
    5.9 Interaction of Cytochrome c with Complex III and Complex IV
    5.10 Complex IV
    5.11 Overall Proton and Charge Movements Catalysed by the Respiratory Chain: Correlation with the P/O Ratio
    5.12 The Nicotinamide Nucleotide Transhydrogenase
    5.13 Electron Transport in Mitochondria of Non-Mammalian Cells
    5.14 Bacterial Respiratory Chains
    6. Photosynthetic Generators of Protonmotive Force
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 The Light Reaction of Photosynthesis in Rhodobacter Sphaeroides and Related Organisms
    6.3 The Generation by Light or Respiration of Δp in Photosynthetic Bacteria
    6.4 Light-Capture and Electron Transfer Pathways in Green Plants, Algae and Cyanobacteria
    6.5 Bacteriorhodopsin, Halorhodopsin and Proteorhodopsin
    7. ATP Synthases and Bacterial Flagella Rotary Motors
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Molecular Structure
    7.3 F1
    7.4 The Peripheral Stalk or Stator
    7.5 Fo
    7.6 The Structural Basis For H+/ATP Stoichiometry
    7.7 Inhibitor Proteins
    7.8 Proton Translocation By A-Type ATPases, V-Type ATPases and Pyrophosphatases
    7.9 Bacterial Flagellae
    8. Transporters: Structure and Mechanism
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 The Principal Mitochondrial Transport Protein Family
    8.3 Bacterial Transport

    Introduction to Part 3
    9. Cellular Bioenergetics
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 The Cytoplasmic Environment
    9.3 Mitochondrial Monovalent Ion Transport
    9.4 Mitochondrial Calcium Transport
    9.5 Metabolite Communication Between Matrix and Cytoplasm
    9.6 Quantifying the Mitochondrial Proton Current in Intact Cells
    9.7 Mitochondrial Protonmotive Force in Intact Cells
    9.8 PermeabiliSed Cells
    9.9 In Vivo Bioenergetics
    9.10 Reactive Oxygen Species, ‘Electron Leaks’
    9.11 Reactive Nitrogen Species
    9.12 Uncoupling Pathways, ‘Proton Leaks’
    9.13 The ATP Synthase Inhibitor Protein IF1
    10. The Cell Biology of the Mitochondrion
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 The Architecture of the Mitochondrion
    10.3 Mitochondrial Dynamics
    10.4 Trafficking of Mitochondria
    10.5 Mitochondrial Biogenesis
    10.6 Mitophagy
    10.7 Apoptosis
    11. Signalling Between the Mitochondrion and the Cell
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 The Mitochondrial Genome
    11.3 AMP Kinase
    11.4 Transcription Factors and Transcriptional Coactivators in Bioenergetic Control
    11.5 Adaptations to Hypoxia
    11.6 Mitochondrial Protein Phosphorylation
    11.7 mTOR
    11.8 Sirtuins and Mitochondrial Function
    11.9 Redox Signalling and Oxidative Stress
    12. Mitochondria in Physiology and Pathology
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Mitochondrial Diseases
    12.3 The Heart
    12.4 Brown Adipose Tissue and Transcriptional Control
    12.5 Mitochondria, the Pancreatic β Cell and Diabetes
    12.6 Mitochondria and the Brain
    12.7 Mitochondria and Cancer
    12.8 Stem Cells
    12.9 Mitochondrial Theories of Aging
    12.10 Conclusions

    References
    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 434
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2013
  • Published: May 20, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780123884251
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123884312

About the Author

David G. Nicholls

David G. Nicholls

Affiliations and Expertise

Buck Institute for Research on Aging, Novato, CA, USA

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  • ZhangqiuziFan Sun Apr 21 2019

    A must for understanding bioenergetics

    A must for understanding bioenergetics

  • KishanBodepudi Mon Jan 28 2019

    Bioenergetics

    So much detail in such a compact textbook. Organized well aswell