Biocatalysis in Oil Refining focuses on petroleum refining bioprocesses, establishing a connection between science and technology. The micro organisms and biomolecules examined for biocatalytic purposes for oil refining processes are thoroughly detailed. Terminology used by biologists, chemists and engineers is brought into a common language, aiding the understanding of complex biological-chemical-engineering issues. Problems to be addressed by the future R&D activities and by new technologies are described and summarized in the last chapter.

Key Features

* Updated references * Studying bioprocessing problems, looking at opportunities for improvements and technology developments


Oil refiners, biotechnologists, chemical/biochemical engineers

Table of Contents

1. Introduction. 1. Refining Scenarios.
2. Biocatalysis.
2. Conventional Refining Processes. 1. Introduction.
2. Hydrotreating Processes.
3. Gasoline Hydrotreating.
4. Diesel Hydrotreating.
5. Vacuum Gasoil Hydroprocessing.
6. Residue Hydroprocessing.
3. Emerging Biocatalytic Processes. 1. Preamble.
2. BDS (Biodesulfurization).
3. BDN (Biodenitrogenation).
4. BDM (Biodemetallation).
5. Bio-upgrading.
4. Biotechnology and Supporting Companies. 1. General.
2. Biology-based Organizations.
3. Biocatalyst (enzyme/protein) Companies.
4. Biotechnology Based Companies.
5. R&D Technological Results. Overview.
1. Agip Petroli (Italy); Enichem Anic Spa (Italy); Eni Tecnologie Spa (Italy)
2. Archaeus Technology Group Ltd. (Great Britain).
3. Arctech Inc./Atlantic Research Corporation (United States).
4. ASS Universities Inc./Brookhaven Science (United States).
5. Atlantic Richfield Co. (United States).
6. Atlas, Roland/Southern Pacific Petroleum (United States).
7. Babcock & Wilcox Co. (United States).
8. BHP Minerals International Inc. (United States).
9. Biostar b.v. (Netherlands).
10. BWN Live Oil (Australia).
11. Clean Diesel Technologies, Inc. (United States & International).
12. Combustian Engineering (United States).
13. Environmental Bioscience Corporation/Energy Biosystems Corp./Enchira Biotechnology Corp. (United States).
14. Exxon Research and Engineering (ER&E) Co. (United States).
15. Gas Research Institute (United States).
16. Houston Industries Inc. (United States).
17. Imperatrix (United States).
18. Institute Francais du Petrol (France).
19. Instituto Mexicano de Petroleo/Universidad Na


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© 2007
Elsevier Science
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