2. Conventional Refining Processes. 1. Introduction.
2. Hydrotreating Processes.
3. Gasoline Hydrotreating.
4. Diesel Hydrotreating.
5. Vacuum Gasoil Hydroprocessing.
6. Residue Hydroprocessing.
3. Emerging Biocatalytic Processes. 1. Preamble.
2. BDS (Biodesulfurization).
3. BDN (Biodenitrogenation).
4. BDM (Biodemetallation).
4. Biotechnology and Supporting Companies. 1. General.
2. Biology-based Organizations.
3. Biocatalyst (enzyme/protein) Companies.
4. Biotechnology Based Companies.
5. R&D Technological Results. Overview.
1. Agip Petroli (Italy); Enichem Anic Spa (Italy); Eni Tecnologie Spa (Italy)
2. Archaeus Technology Group Ltd. (Great Britain).
3. Arctech Inc./Atlantic Research Corporation (United States).
4. ASS Universities Inc./Brookhaven Science (United States).
5. Atlantic Richfield Co. (United States).
6. Atlas, Roland/Southern Pacific Petroleum (United States).
7. Babcock & Wilcox Co. (United States).
8. BHP Minerals International Inc. (United States).
9. Biostar b.v. (Netherlands).
10. BWN Live Oil (Australia).
11. Clean Diesel Technologies, Inc. (United States & International).
12. Combustian Engineering (United States).
13. Environmental Bioscience Corporation/Energy Biosystems Corp./Enchira Biotechnology Corp. (United States).
14. Exxon Research and Engineering (ER&E) Co. (United States).
15. Gas Research Institute (United States).
16. Houston Industries Inc. (United States).
17. Imperatrix (United States).
18. Institute Francais du Petrol (France).
19. Instituto Mexicano de Petroleo/Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico).
20. Institute of Gas Technology (United States).
21. Institute of Process Engineering (China).
22. Intevep S.A. (Venezuela).
23. Japanese Cooperating Organizations (Japan).
24. Kansai Electric Power (Japan).
25. Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology (Korea).
26. Kurashow, Viktor Mikhajlovich (Russia).
27. Kyushu Kankyo Kanri Kyokai (Japan).
28. Lambda Group Inc. (United States).
29. Marine Biotechnology Institute Co. Ltd. (Japan).
30. Microbes Inc. (United States).
31. Ni Aoot: Vatel Skij Inst. Neftepromyslov (Russia).
32. Nippon Oil Co. Ltd. (Japan).
33. Oldfield, Christopher, Court of Napier University.
34. Paques Biological Systems b.v. (Netherlands).
35. Petroleo Brasileiro s.a. (Brazil).
36. Petrozyme Technologies Inc. (Canada).
37. Petroleum Industry development Center (Sekiyu Sangyo Kasseika Center; Mitsubishi Oil Co. Ltd. (Japan).
38. Plummer, Mark A. (United States).
39. Shell Oil Co. (Netherlands).
40. Standard Oil Co. (United States).
41. Technology Licensing Organization.
42. Tonen Corp. (Japan).
43. Unitika Ltd. (Japan).
44. Universidad de Alcala, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, and Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (Spain).
45. University of Osaka (Japan).
46. University of Shandong (China).
47. University of Waseda (Japan).
48 UOP LLC (United States)/Paques Biological Systems b.v. (Netherlands).
49. Valentine, James M. (United States).
General Discussion. 6. Research Needs and Future Directions. 1. Research Needs.
2. Future Directions.
Cited author index.
Biocatalysis in Oil Refining focuses on petroleum refining bioprocesses, establishing a connection between science and technology. The micro organisms and biomolecules examined for biocatalytic purposes for oil refining processes are thoroughly detailed. Terminology used by biologists, chemists and engineers is brought into a common language, aiding the understanding of complex biological-chemical-engineering issues. Problems to be addressed by the future R&D activities and by new technologies are described and summarized in the last chapter.
- Updated references
- Studying bioprocessing problems, looking at opportunities for improvements and technology developments
Oil refiners, biotechnologists, chemical/biochemical engineers
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier Science 2007
- 11th June 2007
- Elsevier Science
- Hardcover ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
Dr. Magdalena Ramirez-Corredores is a Distinguished Scientific Researcher at Idaho National Laboratory in the Chemistry and Radiation Measurements Department, working on Biomass Science. She gained her previous industrial research experience at KiOR LLC, BP International Ltd and PDVSA. She is a fellow researcher with a successful record of producing innovative solutions and breakthrough technologies in hydrocarbon and alternative feeds processing and in catalysis: biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals, unconventional oils processing, fossil and bio‐oil hydrotreatment, light ends, and pretreatment, separation and purification processes. She has 60 inventions described in 48 US patents (12 cases still pending in the United States) and more than 150 worldwide awarded patents. She has authored 115 publications (1 book, 7 monographs, 62 articles and 45 conference papers). Her total number of citations (excluding all authors’ self‐citations) is 1,105, for an h-index of 18. She earned her doctorate in chemistry at England’s University of Bath: "The formation of solid solutions of CaO-SrO and investigation on their surface properties" in 1980. She received her BSc in Chemistry at Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas: "Isotopic effect in the catalytic cracking of alkylbenzenes" in 1974. She is also a recipient of the highest industrial research awards form her country of origin, Venezuela, the Exceptional Contributions Award, PDVSA 2001 and National Award on Technological Research, CONICIT 1991.
Distinguished Scientific Researcher, Chemistry and Radiation Measurements Department, Idaho National Laboratory
Biosciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, U.S.A.