Auditory Perception

Auditory Perception

A New Synthesis

1st Edition - January 1, 1982

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  • Author: Richard M. Warren
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483148144

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Auditory Perception: A New Synthesis focuses on the effort to show the connections between key areas in hearing. The book offers a review of classical problems, and then presents interpretations and evidence of this topic. A short introduction to the physical nature of sound and the way sound is transmitted and changed within the ear is provided. The book discusses the importance of being able to identify the source of a sound, and then presents processes in this regard. The text provides information on the organs involved in the identification of sound and discusses pitch and infrapitch and the manner by which their loudness can be measured. Scales are presented to show the loudness of sound. The relationship of hearing with other senses is also discussed. The text also outlines how speech is produced, taking into consideration the organs involved in the process. The book is a valuable source of data for research scientists and other professionals who are involved in hearing and speech.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Chapter 1 Sound and the Auditory System

    The Nature of Auditory Stimuli

    Our Auditory Apparatus

    The Outer Ear and the Middle Ear

    Structure of the Inner Ear

    Neural Structures and Auditory Pathways

    Mechanics for Stimulation within the Inner Ear

    The Auditory-Acoustic Paradox: Excellent Discrimination from a Poor Instrument

    Electrophysiological Response of the Cochlea and Peripheral Neural Apparatus

    The Resting Potential

    The Summating Potential

    The Cochlear Microphonic

    Whole Nerve Action Potential

    Single Unit Receptor Potentials

    Single Unit Generator Potentials

    Action Potentials of Auditory Nerve Fibers

    Chapter 2 Spatial Localization and Binaural Hearing

    Binaural Perception of Azimuth

    Minimal Audible Angle

    Binaural Beats

    Detection of Interaural Delays for Clicks and for Complex Sounds

    Detection of Long Interaural Delays

    Contralateral Induction

    Masking Level Differences

    Two Types of Temporal Disparity

    Time Intensity Trading

    Some Cautions Concerning Interpretation of Studies Using Headphones

    Importance of the Pinna in Sound Localization

    Room Acoustics

    Auditory Reorientation

    Estimates of Distance from the Source

    Sensory Input and Physical Correlates

    Chapter 3 Perception of Acoustic Repetition Pitch and Infrapitch




    Critical Bands

    Place Theory

    Periodicity Theory

    Schouten's Residue Pitch

    Pitch of Inharmonic Complexes

    Spectral Dominance

    Periodic Sounds and Local Temporal Patterns on the Basilar Membrane

    Model Periodic Stimuli Versus Special Periodic Stimuli

    Iterated Noise Segments as Model Periodic Sounds

    Pitch and Infra pitch

    Perception of Multiple Infratonal Frequencies Stimulating the same Cochlear Loci

    Echo Pitch and Infrapitch Echo

    Periodic Signals with Alternating Polarity

    Alternating Polarity Pulse Trains

    Pitches Produced by Dichotic Interactions

    Ear Dominance for Perception of Pitch

    Musical Pitch and Musical Infrapitch (Rhythm)

    Complex Beats: Integration of Different Infrapitch Periodicities at Different Cochlear Loci

    Effects of Deviations from Strict Infrapitch Periodicity

    Some Recent Models for the Pitch of Complex Tones

    Chapter 4 The Measurement of Loudness and Pitch

    Sensory Input and Perception

    The History of Loudness Measurement

    Apparent Loudness and Its Relation to Auditory Localization: The Physical Correlate Theory

    Equivalence of Half-Loudness and Twice-Distance Estimates

    Agreement of Half-Loudness with the Inverse Square Law

    Effect of Reverberation on Loudness Functions

    Loudness of Self-Generated Sound

    Learning of a New Physical Correlate for Loudness

    The Mel Scale of Pitch Magnitude

    Some Conclusions and Inferences

    Chapter 5 Perception of Acoustic Sequences

    Rate at which Component Sounds Occur in Speech and Music

    Identification of Components and Their Order

    Temporal Order Identification within Extended Sequences

    Identification of Order for Sequences of Unrelated Sounds and for Sequences of Speech Sounds

    Identification of Order within Tonal Sequences

    Identification of Order and Verbal Labeling

    Need for Verbal Labeling for Serial Order Retention in Memory Experiments

    Identification of Patterns without Discrimination of Order: Holistic Pattern Recognition

    Extent of Temporal Mismatch Permitting Holistic Pattern Recognition

    Should Trained or Untrained Subjects be Used?

    A Comparison of Holistic Pattern Recognition with Identification of Components and Their Orders Using Untrained Subjects

    Holistic Pattern Recognition and Detection of Acoustic Repetition

    Holistic Pattern Recognition and Context-Sensitive Speech Sounds

    Identification of Components and Their Orders and Holistic Pattern Recognition for Dichotomous Patterns

    Holistic Pattern Recognition in Animals Other Than Humans


    Chapter 6 Perceptual Restoration of Missing Sounds

    Temporal Induction

    Homophonic Continuity

    Heterophonic Continuity

    The Roll Effect as Tonal Restoration

    Temporal Limits for Illusory Continuity

    Illusory Continuity of Stimuli Repeated at Tonal and Infratonal Frequencies

    Incomplete Continuity or Illusory Lengthening

    Illusory Pattern Completion: Restoration of Frequency Glides

    Temporal Induction of Speech

    Phonemic Restorations

    Apparent Continuity of Speech Produced by Insertion of Noise into Gaps

    Increase in Intelligibility of Speech Produced by Insertion of Noise into Gaps: Multiple Phonemic


    Masking and Unmasking

    Chapter 7 Speech

    Speech Production

    The Subglottal System

    The Larynx

    The Vocal Tract and Articulation of Speech Sounds

    Visual Representation of Speech Sounds

    The Protean Phoneme

    are Phonemes Perceptual Units?

    The Alphabet and the Phoneme

    Illiterate Adults Cannot Segment Phonetically

    Ability to Segment Phonetically and Reading Ability are Related in Children

    Cues for Identifying Phonemes and Characterizing Letters

    Evidence that Phonetic Constituents of Speech are Not Identified Directly

    The Temporal Course of Speech Perception

    Skilled Storage and Delayed Perceptual Organization of Speech

    Speech Errors in Everyday Life

    Changes in Speech Perception during Stimulus Repetition

    Verbal Satiation

    Verbal Summation

    Verbal Transformations

    Ear Advantages and Cortical Processing of Speech

    Perception of Linguistic and Nonlinguistic Sequences

    Chapter 8 The Relation of Hearing to Other Senses

    Multimodal Perception

    Interaction of Vision with Senses Other than Hearing

    Interaction of Vision and Hearing in Speech Perception

    Perceptual Resolution of Conflicting Visual and Auditory Information Concerning Speech

    Auditory Input Perceived as Touch

    Multimodal Sensory Control of Speech Production

    General Perceptual Rules and Modality-Specific Rules

    Perceptual Calibration of Sensory Input


    Author Index

    Subject Index

    About the Author

Product details

  • No. of pages: 258
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1982
  • Published: January 1, 1982
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483148144

About the Author

Richard M. Warren

About the Editors

Arnold P. Goldstein

Leonard Krasner

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