Aquatic Ecotoxicology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128009499, 9780128011768

Aquatic Ecotoxicology

1st Edition

Advancing Tools for Dealing with Emerging Risks

Editors: Claude Amiard-Triquet Jean-Claude Amiard Catherine Mouneyrac
eBook ISBN: 9780128011768
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128009499
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st June 2015
Page Count: 518
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Description

Aquatic Ecotoxicology: Advancing Tools for Dealing with Emerging Risks presents a thorough look at recent advances in aquatic ecotoxicology and their application in assessing the risk of well-known and emerging environmental contaminants.

This essential reference, brought together by leading experts in the field, guides users through existing and novel approaches to environmental risk assessment, then presenting recent advances in the field of ecotoxicology, including omics-based technologies, biomarkers, and reference species.

The book then demonstrates how these advances can be used to design and perform assays to discover the toxicological endpoints of emerging risks within the aquatic environment, such as nanomaterials, personal care products, PFOS and chemical mixtures. The text is an invaluable reference for any scientist who studies the effects of contaminants on organisms that live within aquatic environments.

Key Features

  • Provides the latest perspectives on emerging toxic risks to aquatic environments, such as nanomaterials, pharmaceuticals, chemical mixtures, and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)
  • Offers practical guidance on recent advances to help in choosing the most appropriate toxicological assay
  • Presents case studies and information on a variety of reference species to help put the ecotoxicological theory into practical risk assess

Readership

Professional toxicologists, researchers and graduate students in the field of aquatic ecotoxicology and risk assessment

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Introduction
    • 1.1. Ecotoxicological Tools Currently Used for Risk Assessment in Aquatic Media
    • 1.2. How Can We Improve Risk Assessment?
    • 1.3. The Choice of Biological Models for Bioassays, Biomarkers, and Chemical Monitoring
    • 1.4. Emerging Concern with Legacy Pollutants and Emerging Contaminants
  • Chapter 2. Conventional Risk Assessment of Environmental Contaminants
    • Introduction
    • 2.1. Principles for Environmental Risk Assessment
    • 2.2. Exposure: Determination of Predicted Environmental Concentrations
    • 2.3. Ecotoxicity: Determination of Predicted No Effect Concentrations
    • 2.4. Risk Characterization
    • 2.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 3. Quality Standard Setting and Environmental Monitoring
    • Introduction
    • 3.1. Environmental Quality Standards and Guidelines
    • 3.2. Chemical Monitoring Strategies
    • 3.3. Biomarkers, Bioindicators, and Biotic Indices in Monitoring Programs
    • 3.4. Integrated Monitoring and Assessment of Contaminants and Their Effects
    • 3.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 4. How to Improve Exposure Assessment
    • Introduction
    • 4.1. Free Ion Activity Model
    • 4.2. Biotic Ligand Model
    • 4.3. Passive Samplers
    • 4.4. Improving Techniques for the Determination of Organic Contaminants
    • 4.5. Improving Techniques for the Determination of Emerging Contaminants
    • 4.6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. From Incorporation to Toxicity
    • 5.1. From Bioaccessibility to Bioavailability
    • 5.2. Relationship Between Bioaccumulated Concentrations and Noxious Effects
    • 5.3. Conclusions
  • Chapter 6. How to Improve Toxicity Assessment? From Single-Species Tests to Mesocosms and Field Studies
    • 6.1. Improve the Realism of Conditions of Exposure
    • 6.2. Improve the Determination of No Observed Effect Concentrations
    • 6.3. Improve the Selection of Test Species
    • 6.4. Improve Mathematical and Computational Data Analyses
    • 6.5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 7. Individual Biomarkers
    • 7.1. Core Biomarkers
    • 7.2. Ecological Biomarkers
    • 7.3. Confounding Factors
    • 7.4. Multibiomarker Approach in Field Studies
    • 7.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. Omics in Aquatic Ecotoxicology: The Ultimate Response to Biological Questions?
    • 8.1. Genome and Its Applications
    • 8.2. Proteomic
    • 8.3. Metabolomic and Fluxomic
    • 8.4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 9. Reference Species
    • 9.1. Biological Models Used for Bioassays
    • 9.2. Sentinel Species for the Determination of Contaminant Uptake and Effects
    • 9.3. Variability of Ecotoxicological Responses through Taxonomic Levels
    • 9.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 10. Endobenthic Invertebrates as Reference Species
    • 10.1. Endobenthic Species as Bioaccumulator Species
    • 10.2. Biological Testing with Endobenthic Species
    • 10.3. Biomarkers in Endobenthic Invertebrates
    • 10.4. Endobenthic Species as Benthic Indicators
    • 10.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 11. Gammarids as Reference Species for Freshwater Monitoring
    • Introduction
    • 11.1. A Large Suite of Biological Responses Is Available for Toxicity Assessment in Gammarus Species
    • 11.2. In situ Biotests Are Operational in Gammarus Species
    • 11.3. Linking Biological Scales and Ecological Relevance of In situ–Based Effect Assessment with Gammarus
    • 11.4. Water Quality Assessment and Interpopulation Variability in Gammarids
    • 11.5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 12. Copepods as References Species in Estuarine and Marine Waters
    • 12.1. Ecological Importance of Copepods in Estuarine and Marine Environments
    • 12.2. Life History of Copepods and Suitability as Reference Species
    • 12.3. Copepods in Ecotoxicology
    • 12.4. Genetic and Biochemical Techniques Adopted and Developed for Copepods for Environmental Studies
    • 12.5. Use of Modeling as Tools to Integrate Effects from Individual to Populations
    • 12.6. Toxicity Guidelines for Copepods from National and International Organizations
    • 12.7. Research Need to Enhance the Use of Copepods in Ecotoxicology
    • 12.8. Conclusions
  • Chapter 13. Fish as Reference Species in Different Water Masses
    • 13.1. Molecular and Biochemical Studies Using Fish
    • 13.2. Physiological Condition Indices
    • 13.3. Fish Population Index and Ecological Quality
    • 13.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 14. Biological Responses at Supraindividual Levels
    • 14.1. Effects of Pollutants in Marine Populations
    • 14.2. Effects of Pollutants on Marine Communities
    • 14.3. Assessing the Effects of Pollutants on Marine Ecosystems
  • Chapter 15. Ecotoxicological Risk of Endocrine Disruptors
    • Introduction
    • 15.1. Chemicals of Concern and Exposure
    • 15.2. Biological Effects of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals
    • 15.3. Tools for the Detection and Quantification of Endocrine Disrupting Chemical Effects
    • 15.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 16. Ecotoxicological Risk of Personal Care Products and Pharmaceuticals
    • 16.1. Sources and Routes in the Environment
    • 16.2. Fate of PCPs and APIs in Wastewater Treatment Plants
    • 16.3. API Transformation and Degradation in the Environment
    • 16.4. Personal Care Products and Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients in the Aquatic Environment
    • 16.5. Hazards to Aquatic Organisms
    • 16.6. Omics
    • 16.7. Environmental Risk Assessment of Personal Care Products and Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients
    • 16.8. “Green Pharmacy”
    • 16.9. Conclusions
  • Chapter 17. Ecotoxicological Risk of Nanomaterials
    • 17.1. Environmental Fate and Behavior
    • 17.2. Hazard: Consideration for Test Protocols
    • 17.3. Risk Assessment
    • 17.4. Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Chapter 18. Ecotoxicological Risk of Mixtures
    • Introduction
    • 18.1. Worldwide Oil Spills
    • 18.2. Urban Stormwater Runoff
    • 18.3. Pesticide Mixtures
    • 18.4. Regulatory Provisions for Mixtures
    • 18.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 19. Predictive Ecotoxicology and Environmental Assessment
    • 19.1. Lessons of the Past
    • 19.2. Which Strategies for Emerging Risks?
    • 19.3. Related Issues
    • 19.4. Which Strategies Should be Adopted to Promote Environmental Protection?
    • 19.5. Conclusion
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
518
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128011768
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128009499

About the Editor

Claude Amiard-Triquet

Affiliations and Expertise

Honorary Research Director, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Nantes, France; Invited Professor at Ocean University of China, Qingdao

Jean-Claude Amiard

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Research Director , CNRS, University of Nantes, France; Invited Professor at Ocean University of China, Qingdao

Catherine Mouneyrac

Catherine Mouneyrac

Catherine Mouneyrac is a professor in marine ecotoxicology at the Université Catholique de l’Ouest (France). She teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in animal physiology, aquatic ecology and ecotoxicology. She gained her PhD from the University of Lyon I (France) in physiology of fish nutrition, and then a DSc in aquatic ecotoxicology from the University of Nantes (France). She is the dean of the Faculty of Sciences at the Université Catholique de l’Ouest and the head of the emerging contaminants research team of the MMS (Sea, Molecules, Health) unit (LUNAM University). Her general field research concerns the response of aquatic organisms to natural and chemical stress. She is actively involved in research to elucidate the mechanisms involved in potential toxicity by nanomaterials and endocrine disruptors towards estuarine and marine organisms. At the interface of fundamental and applied research, she aims to fulfill the gap between ecological (bio indicators) and ecotoxicological (biomarkers) approaches, the final objective being to help environmental diagnosis. More precisely, she studies biomarker tools allowing extrapolating from suborganismal responses (biochemical biomarkers, energy reserves, reproduction processes) and organismal (biological indices, behavioural biomarkers) to effects occurring at higher levels of biological organization (population). C. Mouneyrac has participated to the conception and realization of numerous national, European and international programmes. She has published more than 75 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters in the field of aquatic ecotoxicology. She is referee for numerous international journals on environmental pollution. She is member of different research networks in environmental pollution assessment. Dr C. Mouneyrac is part of the Expert committee on the assessment of the risks related to physical agents, new technologies and development areas and member of the working group “Assessment of the risks associated with nanomaterials” at the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (Anses). She has been selected as a senior decision-makers a to follow the national study course of the Institut des Hautes Etudes pour la Science et la Technologie whose supervision is the responsibility of the Ministries of Higher Education and Research and Education in France.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Aquatic Ecotoxicology and Dean of the Faculty of Sciences, Universite Catholique de L'Ouest, Angers, France