Anthropology and the Public Interest

Anthropology and the Public Interest

Fieldwork and Theory

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Editor: Peggy Reeves Sanday
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270395

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Description

Anthropology and the Public Interest: Field work and Theory provides an understanding of how culture affects human lives, and uses this understanding in formulating and implementing domestic social policy. This book defines basic research as contributing to theory, knowledge, and method that contributes to the advancement of social science. Organized into four parts encompassing 19 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the greatest potential payoff for the advancement of social science and for enlightened social programming. This text then presents an insightful discussion of why cultural differences among people have gone so largely unrecognized. Other chapters consider the cultural or language processes of contemporary U.S. populations. This book discusses as well the changing environment that gave rise to the tremendous growth in academic anthropology. The final chapter deals with social indicators research and discusses the potential role of anthropology in such work. This book is a valuable resource for anthropologists.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    I Anthropologists' Role

    1 Some Reflections on the Contributions of Anthropologists to Public Policy

    Introduction

    Policy-Related Research in Our Past

    Types of Policy-Related Professional Activity

    Problems and Frustrations

    Opportunities for Clarification

    2 Intercultural Expertise and Public Policy

    3 The Past, the Present, the Future: Public Policy as a Dynamic Interface

    4 Training Anthropologists for Effective Roles in Public Policy

    II The U. S. Public Culture: Attitudes, Themes, and Behavior

    5 A Sense of Success: Heredity, Intelligence, and Race in American History and Culture

    Hereditarian Thought and European Expansion

    English Assessments of Africans

    Anglo-American Assessments of Afro-Americans

    Change and Permanence in American Culture

    References

    6 Cultural and Structural Pluralism in the United States

    Can the Schools Make a Difference?

    Impact of Social Science Knowledge on School Legislation

    Meaning and Use of the Concepts Cultural and Structural Pluralism in the Social Sciences

    Cultural Pluralism in the United States

    Structural Pluralism in the United States

    Strategies for Change

    Conclusion

    References

    7 The Cultural Context of American Education

    The Cultural Context of American Education

    Discussion: A Simultaneous Equations Approach to the Analysis of the Educational Process

    Conclusion

    Appendix: Brief Description of Variables Used in Table 7.1

    References

    8 Dropping Out: A Strategy for Coping with Cultural Pluralism

    Some Behavioral Consequences of Cultural Pluralism

    The Effects of Cultural Pluralism on the School Behavior of Puerto Rican Children

    Procedure

    Results

    Discussion

    References

    9 Gatekeeping Encounters: A Social Selection Process

    Introduction

    The Fieldwork Experience: Discovering the Gatekeeping Encounter

    Collecting Evidence on Gatekeeping Encounters

    Converting Raw Data into Evidence

    Asymmetry Segments Code

    Implications for Policy and for the Cumulation of Larger Samples

    References

    10 Two Theories of Discrimination

    Introduction

    Definitions

    Employer Discrimination: A Traditional View

    Interpersonal Comparisons of Utility

    Employer Discrimination: Interdependent Utilities

    Discrimination Models

    Employee Discrimination

    Conclusions

    References

    11 The Plight of the Ethnic Candidate: A Spatial Analysis

    Introduction

    Theoretical Foundations

    A Model of Ethnic Politics

    Implications and Conclusions

    Appendix

    References

    12 The ERA: Law, Custom, and Change

    The Arguments

    Assumptions Underlying Anti-ERA Arguments

    Conclusions

    References

    13 Economically Cooperating Units in an Urban Black Community

    Introduction

    Setting

    The Structure of Economically Cooperating Units

    The Functions of Reciprocity

    Conclusions: The Functions of Poverty in a Complex Society

    References

    14 Policy Planning and Poverty: Notes on a Mexican Case

    Introduction

    The Mexican Research

    Conclusion

    References

    III The Issues of Language

    15 The Language Debate: Education in First or Second Language?

    Introduction

    A Review of the Major Issues

    Empirical Comparisons of the Two Approaches

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    16 Language, Communication, and Public Negotiation

    17 National Policy Programming: A Prototype Model from Language Planning

    Introduction and Historical Background

    An Optimization Model: The Case Study

    A Prototype Model

    Postoptimality Analysis

    References

    IV Government and Policy

    18 Behavioral Simulation as a Tool for the Analysis of Policy Problems

    Introduction

    Simulation of the Budgetary Process

    A Behavioral Simulation of Changes in a Zoning Ordinance

    Introduction to the Simulation of the Granting of Broadcast Licenses

    A Sketch of the Behavioral Simulation

    Simulation Parameters and Weights

    Simulation Performance: Preferences and Decisions

    Concluding Remarks on the FCC Simulation

    Concluding Remarks on Behavioral Simulation

    References

    19 Social Indicators: A Focus for the Social Sciences

    Social Indicators: A Focus on Measurement

    Social Indicators and the Social Sciences

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 392
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270395

About the Editor

Peggy Reeves Sanday

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