Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080249391, 9781483157856

Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology

1st Edition

Abstracts

Editors: R. Gilles
eBook ISBN: 9781483157856
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1980
Page Count: 190
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Description

Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology, Volume 2 contains the proceedings of the First Conference of the European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry held in Liège, Belgium, on August 27-31, 1979. The papers explore the physiology and biochemistry of animal adaptation and ecology and cover topics ranging from amino acid transport and metabolism during osmotic shock to the role of organic compounds in osmoregulation in plants and animals. This volume is comprised of 89 chapters and begins with an analysis of the transport and metabolism of amino acids under osmotic stress, followed by a discussion on cell volume regulation in isolated heart ventricles from the flounder, Platichthys flesus, perfused with anisosmotic media. Subsequent chapters focus on the effects of cholinergic drugs on the osmotic fragility of erythrocytes; strategies of osmoregulation in the fiddler crab Uca pugilator; ionic regulation in the African catfish Clarias mossambicus in water and air; and environmental and endocrine factors controlling osmotic water fluxes in gills of Sarotherodon (tilapia) mossambicus. The effect of seawater adaptation on the phosphatidyl-choline metabolism in the eel is also considered, along with evaporative water loss in anuran amphibians. This book will be of value to zoologists, physiologists, biologists, and biochemists.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Amino Acid Transport and Metabolism During Osmotic Shock in Ehrlich Ascites Tumor Cells

Metabolism

Pump and Leak Parameters

Conclusion

Chapter 2. Cell Volume Regulation in Isolated Heart Ventricles from the Flounder, Platichthys Flesus, Perfused with Anisosmotic Media

References

Chapter 3. Effects of Cholinergic Drugs on the Osmotic Fragility of Erythrocytes

Materials and Methods

Results and Discussion

References

Chapter 4. Effect of Various Hypo- and Isotonic Salines on the K+ Intracellular Content of Carcinus Maenas Isolated Axons

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 5. Comparative Role of Organic Compounds in Osmoregulation in Plants and Animals

References

Chapter 6. Strategies of Osmoregulation in the Fiddler Crab UCA Pugilator: Biochemical Changes in the Membranes of the Gills and Alterations in the Concentration of Sodium in the Hemolymph

UCA Pugilator

Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 7. Fine Structure of Saltabsorbing Epithelium in Gills of the Crab Eriocheir Sinensis Acclimated to Fresh Water

References

Chapter 8. Lipid Composition of Mitochondrial Fractions Isolated from Perfused Gills of Chinese Crab Eriocheir Sinensis as Related to the Salinity of the Environment

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 9. Effects of Ouabain and Ethacrynate on Na+ Fluxes Across Isolated Perfused Gills of the Euryhaline Crab Eriocheir Sinenis Acclimated to Fresh Water

References

Chapter 10. Ionic Regulation in the African Catfish Clarias Mossambicus in Water and in Air

References

Acknowledgement

Chapter 11. Chloride Transport by the Gills of the Sea-Water Adapted Eel, Anguilla Anguilla L., In Vivo, Under Controlled Ion Balance

References

Chapter 12. Environmental and Endocrine Factors Controlling Osmotic Water Fluxes in Gills of Sarotherodon (Tilapia) Mossambicus

Chapter 13. Adenine Nucleotides Content and Metabolic Rate in Trout Gill During Osmotic Work

Chapter 14. Effect of Sea Water Adaptation on the Phosphatidyl-Choline Metabolism in the EEL

Chapter 15. Water and Electrolyte Permeability of the Lung-Fish Gill

Introduction

Tritiated Water and Sodium Effluxes

References

Chapter 16. Evaporative Water Loss in Anuran Amphibians is not Adaptive

References

Chapter 17. Electroosmotic Uptake of Water Vapour by Lepisma

References

Chapter 18. Effects of Environmental Ph on the Sodium and Chloride Influx in an Inhabitant of Acid Waters: The Waterbug Corixa Punctata (ILLIG.) (Insecta, Hemiptera)

References

Chapter 19. The Respiratory Physiology of Adult Artemia Sauna L. in Relation to Oxygen Availability

References

Chapter 20. Control of Branchial Blood Flow in the Atlantic COD

Chapter 21. The Range of Ventilation Mechanisms in Fishes

References

Chapter 22. Aspects of the Comparative Respiratory Functions of Bloodin Some Wild Birds

References

Chapter 23. Hemoglobin Proportions in Freshwater of Sea Run and Artificially Landlocked Adult Atlantic Salmon

References

Chapter 24. The Fine Structure of O2 Hb Binding in Animals

Chapter 25. Oxygenation-Linked Binding of Carbon Dioxide and Allosteric Phosphate Cofactors By Lungfish Hemoglobin

References

Chapter 26. Comparative Structure and Function of Oniscoidea Hemocyanins (Crustacea,Terrestrial Isopods)

Chapter 27. Tissue-Specific Isozymes of Octopine Dehydrogenase from Mantle Muscle and Optic Lobe of Loligo Vulgaris and Octopine Metabolism

References

Chapter 28. Flexibility in Anaerobic Metabolism in Mytilus Edulis L.I. Organ Specific Differences in Atp-Generating Systems

References

Chapter 29. Flexibility in Anaerobic Metabolism in Mytilus Edulis L.II. Regulatory Aspects of Glycolysis

References

Chapter 30. The Influence of Seasonal Changes on Energy Metabolism

References

Chapter 31. Total Metabolism of Bivalve Molluscs During Transition to Anoxia

Chapter 32. Midgut Gland Hexokinase Isozymes from the Mussel

Introduction

Experimental

Kinetic Measurements

Results and Discussion

Refer

Chapter 33. Metabolic Responses of a Sea Anemone to Hypoxia and Air Exposure

Chapter 34. Lactate - The Preferred Aerobic Fuel of Metabolism of the Fish Heart

Acknowledgements

Chapter 35. Lactate Dehydrogenase Adaptation to Variations of Oxygen Tension in Discoglossus Pictus Larvae

References

Chapter 36. Activities of some Enzymes Associated with Energy Yielding Metabolism in Three Ecologically Dissimilar Species of Marine Benthic Polychaete Worms

Introduction

Materials and Methods

Results

Discussion

References

Chapter 37. Relations Between the Release of Enzymes and Myoglobin Under Anoxia: A Study With the Isolated Guinea Pig Heart, Including Some Remarks on Clinical Findings +)

Introduction

Methods

Results

Discussion

Chapter 38. Species Differences in Edema Formation and Energy Metabolism of the Heart Muscle During Aerobiosis and Anaerobiosis +)

Methods

Results and Discussion

Chapter 39. Comparative Study of the Effects of Mercuric Chloride, Methylmercuric Chloride and Anoxia on Isolated Gills of the EEL

References

Chapter 40. Regulation and Accumulation of Heavy Metals In Euglena Gracilis

Chapter 41. Rapid Induction of Copperbinding Proteins in the Gills of Metal Exposed Mussels

References

Chapter 42. Cadmium Accumulation Correlated With Increase in Metallothioneins Concentration in the Limpet

References

Chapter 43. Toxicity and Retention of DDT in Adult Frogs

Material and Methods

Results and Discussion

References

Chapter 44. Influence of Environmental Factors on the Ichthyo-Fauna of the Lower Elbe River

Chapter 45. Interlake Differences in Growth Thyroid Physiology and Blood Chemistry of Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus Kisutch) in the Great Lakes of North America: Effects of Environmental Contamination?

References

Chapter 46. Influence of Homogeneously Applied Olfactory Stimuli on Phototaxis of Drosophila Melanogaster

Materials and Methods

Results

Discussion

Chapter 47. Chemical Orientation of Rhizophagus Grandis(Coleoptera: Rhizophagidae) Towards Mates, and Towards Preys: Dendroctonus Micans (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)

Introduction

Material and Methods

Results

Discussion

Bibliography

Chapter 48. Brown Fat Thermoregulation in Developing and Cold Adapted Rats and Hamsters

Chapter 49. New Results on Occurrence and Function of Antifreeze Proteins

References

Chapter 50. Thermal Compensation in Protein Synthesis in Palaemon Serratus (Crustacea Natantia)

Chapter 51. Short and Long-Termtemperature Adaptation of the Muscle Lactate Dehydrogenase in Palaemon Serratus

Short-Term Adaptation

Long-Term Adaptation

References

Chapter 52. Effects of Temperature on the Catalytic Properties of Midgut Gland 6-Phosphogluconate Dehydrogenase from Mytilus Galloprovinoialis

Introduction

Materials and Methods

Results and Discussion

References

Chapter 53. Temperature Adaptation in Fish Muscle

References

Chapter 54. Temperature Effect on Carbohydrate Metabolism in Fish Brain

References

Chapter 55. The Effect of Temperature on Aniline Hydroxylation in the Liver of Fish

References

Chapter 56. Seasonal Changes on Lactate Dehydrogenase Activities of selected Tissues in Discoglossus Pictus Pictus Otth. (Anuran Amphibia)

References

Chapter 57. The Homeoviscous Adaptation of Cellular Membranes During Thermal Acclimation

References

Chapter 58. The Possible Role of Membranebound Mg2 +-Activated Atpasc in the Control of Cell Permeability During Temperature Adaptation

References

Chapter 59. Effect of Temperature Acclimation on Goldfish{Carassius Auratus) Intestinal Transport

Chapter 60. Temperature Effects on Na+ Transepithelial Fluxes and (Na + -K+)-Atpase Activity in the Intestinal Mucosa of Active and Hibernating Tortoises

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 61. Seasonal Variation in Lipids, Phospholids and Constituent Fatty Acids in the Intestinal Mucosa of the Tortoise

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 62. Temperature Adaptation in the Red Cell Membrane of the Carp (Cyprinus Carpiol.): Lipid Composition, Fluidity, and Properties of the (NaK)-ATPase

References

Chapter 63. Comparative Studies of the Lipid Composition of Decapods from Warm, Temperate and Polar Waters

References

Chapter 64. Effects of High Hydrostatic Pressures on Ions Permeabilityof Isolated Gills from Sea Water Acclimated Eels Anguilla Anguilla

References

Chapter 65. Hematologic and Biochemical Effects of Simulated High Altitude on the Guinea Pig and Pigeon

Methods

Results

Discussion

References

Chapter 66. Restriction of Mechanical Activity Produced By High Sound Pressures on Various Muscle Types. Experiments with Underwater Sound or Direct Vibration on Isolated Preparations of Smooth, Cardiac, and Skeletal Muscle of Guinea Pigs, Rabbits, and Frogs

Chapter 67. Patterns of Enzyme Activity of Energy Releasing Metabolism in Compound Eyes

Chapter 68. A Cellular Analysis of Chromatophore Interaction in Pleuronectid Camouflage

References

Chapter 69. Models For Directional Feature Extraction in Celestial Polarization Patterns by Insects

Chapter 70. The Ratio G6PDH/6PGDH as a Marker in Biochemical Taxonomy

Results

Chapter 71. The Metabolic Exponent as a Fractal Dimension

References

Chapter 72. Separation and Comparative Study of Different N-Acetyl-Β-D-Hexosaminidase Forms from Ficus Latex, Planarian and Newborn Piglets

Chapter 73. The Localization of N-Acetyl-Β-D-Glucosaminidase in Planarian Dugesia Lugubris

Chapter 74. Evidence For a Peptidic AMP Deaminase Activator in the Gill of Trout

References

Chapter 75. Effects of Ph and Phosphate Ions on the Adenosine Deaminase from the Marine Clam

Chapter 76. Structural, Ultrastructural and Biochemical Modifications in Rana Ridibunda Larvae's Liver, Receiving Different Diets

Material and Methods

Results and Discussion

Chapter 77. Changes in the Plasma Fuel Levels and Body Temperature During the Breeding Fasting in the Male Emperor Penguin

References

Chapter 78. Effect of Diet and Insulin on G6pd and H6pd Activity of Rat Liver

References

Chapter 79. Skin Digestion in Bivalve Molluscs and Its Relation to Amino Acid Absorption from Sea Water

Chapter 80. The Passage of Macromolecules Derived from Dietary Protein Through the Gut Wall and Other Barriers

Introduction

References

Chapter 81. Analytical and Density Gradient Ultracentrifugation as Complementary Tools For the Determination of Plasma Lipoprotein Profiles in Some Wild European Mammals

Chapter 82. Absorption and Metabolism of D-Glucose by Different Intestinal Segments of the Slug Arion Empiricorum F.(Gastropoda, Pulmonata)

Introduction

Materials and Methods

Results and Discussion

References

Chapter 83. On the Adrenergic Control of the Teleost Heart

References

Chapter 84. Variations of Heart Rate in Behavioural Patterns and Specific Stimulation in Hermit Crabs

Chapter 85. Locusta Migratoria: Characterisation of Proteins from Mitochondria by Two-Dimensionalgel Electrophoresis

Chapter 86. Effect of N-Alcohols and High Pressure on the Heat Activation of the Spores of Phycomyces Blakesleeanus

References

Chapter 87. Transport Mechanism of Plasma Iron in Hens and Pigeons

Methods

Results

Discussion

References

Chapter 88. An Evaluation of the Inter- and Intraindividual Components of Variance of Enzyme Activities in Rat Plasma

Chapter 89. Phospholipids, Fatty Acids, Free Amino Acids and Proteic Amino Acids in Zooplancton from the Straight of Dover (North Sea)

Acknowledgements

References

Author Index

Subject Index




Details

No. of pages:
190
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483157856

About the Editor

R. Gilles