Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology

Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology

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1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Editor: R. Gilles
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483157856

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Description

Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology, Volume 2 contains the proceedings of the First Conference of the European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry held in Liège, Belgium, on August 27-31, 1979. The papers explore the physiology and biochemistry of animal adaptation and ecology and cover topics ranging from amino acid transport and metabolism during osmotic shock to the role of organic compounds in osmoregulation in plants and animals. This volume is comprised of 89 chapters and begins with an analysis of the transport and metabolism of amino acids under osmotic stress, followed by a discussion on cell volume regulation in isolated heart ventricles from the flounder, Platichthys flesus, perfused with anisosmotic media. Subsequent chapters focus on the effects of cholinergic drugs on the osmotic fragility of erythrocytes; strategies of osmoregulation in the fiddler crab Uca pugilator; ionic regulation in the African catfish Clarias mossambicus in water and air; and environmental and endocrine factors controlling osmotic water fluxes in gills of Sarotherodon (tilapia) mossambicus. The effect of seawater adaptation on the phosphatidyl-choline metabolism in the eel is also considered, along with evaporative water loss in anuran amphibians. This book will be of value to zoologists, physiologists, biologists, and biochemists.

Table of Contents


  • Chapter 1. Amino Acid Transport and Metabolism During Osmotic Shock in Ehrlich Ascites Tumor Cells

    Metabolism

    Pump and Leak Parameters

    Conclusion

    Chapter 2. Cell Volume Regulation in Isolated Heart Ventricles from the Flounder, Platichthys Flesus, Perfused with Anisosmotic Media

    References

    Chapter 3. Effects of Cholinergic Drugs on the Osmotic Fragility of Erythrocytes

    Materials and Methods

    Results and Discussion

    References

    Chapter 4. Effect of Various Hypo- and Isotonic Salines on the K+ Intracellular Content of Carcinus Maenas Isolated Axons

    Acknowledgements

    References

    Chapter 5. Comparative Role of Organic Compounds in Osmoregulation in Plants and Animals

    References

    Chapter 6. Strategies of Osmoregulation in the Fiddler Crab UCA Pugilator: Biochemical Changes in the Membranes of the Gills and Alterations in the Concentration of Sodium in the Hemolymph

    UCA Pugilator

    Summary and Conclusions

    Chapter 7. Fine Structure of Saltabsorbing Epithelium in Gills of the Crab Eriocheir Sinensis Acclimated to Fresh Water

    References

    Chapter 8. Lipid Composition of Mitochondrial Fractions Isolated from Perfused Gills of Chinese Crab Eriocheir Sinensis as Related to the Salinity of the Environment

    Acknowledgements

    References

    Chapter 9. Effects of Ouabain and Ethacrynate on Na+ Fluxes Across Isolated Perfused Gills of the Euryhaline Crab Eriocheir Sinenis Acclimated to Fresh Water

    References

    Chapter 10. Ionic Regulation in the African Catfish Clarias Mossambicus in Water and in Air

    References

    Acknowledgement

    Chapter 11. Chloride Transport by the Gills of the Sea-Water Adapted Eel, Anguilla Anguilla L., In Vivo, Under Controlled Ion Balance

    References

    Chapter 12. Environmental and Endocrine Factors Controlling Osmotic Water Fluxes in Gills of Sarotherodon (Tilapia) Mossambicus

    Chapter 13. Adenine Nucleotides Content and Metabolic Rate in Trout Gill During Osmotic Work

    Chapter 14. Effect of Sea Water Adaptation on the Phosphatidyl-Choline Metabolism in the EEL

    Chapter 15. Water and Electrolyte Permeability of the Lung-Fish Gill

    Introduction

    Tritiated Water and Sodium Effluxes

    References

    Chapter 16. Evaporative Water Loss in Anuran Amphibians is not Adaptive

    References

    Chapter 17. Electroosmotic Uptake of Water Vapour by Lepisma

    References

    Chapter 18. Effects of Environmental Ph on the Sodium and Chloride Influx in an Inhabitant of Acid Waters: The Waterbug Corixa Punctata (ILLIG.) (Insecta, Hemiptera)

    References

    Chapter 19. The Respiratory Physiology of Adult Artemia Sauna L. in Relation to Oxygen Availability

    References

    Chapter 20. Control of Branchial Blood Flow in the Atlantic COD

    Chapter 21. The Range of Ventilation Mechanisms in Fishes

    References

    Chapter 22. Aspects of the Comparative Respiratory Functions of Bloodin Some Wild Birds

    References

    Chapter 23. Hemoglobin Proportions in Freshwater of Sea Run and Artificially Landlocked Adult Atlantic Salmon

    References

    Chapter 24. The Fine Structure of O2 Hb Binding in Animals

    Chapter 25. Oxygenation-Linked Binding of Carbon Dioxide and Allosteric Phosphate Cofactors By Lungfish Hemoglobin

    References

    Chapter 26. Comparative Structure and Function of Oniscoidea Hemocyanins (Crustacea,Terrestrial Isopods)

    Chapter 27. Tissue-Specific Isozymes of Octopine Dehydrogenase from Mantle Muscle and Optic Lobe of Loligo Vulgaris and Octopine Metabolism

    References

    Chapter 28. Flexibility in Anaerobic Metabolism in Mytilus Edulis L.I. Organ Specific Differences in Atp-Generating Systems

    References

    Chapter 29. Flexibility in Anaerobic Metabolism in Mytilus Edulis L.II. Regulatory Aspects of Glycolysis

    References

    Chapter 30. The Influence of Seasonal Changes on Energy Metabolism

    References

    Chapter 31. Total Metabolism of Bivalve Molluscs During Transition to Anoxia

    Chapter 32. Midgut Gland Hexokinase Isozymes from the Mussel

    Introduction

    Experimental

    Kinetic Measurements

    Results and Discussion

    Refer

    Chapter 33. Metabolic Responses of a Sea Anemone to Hypoxia and Air Exposure

    Chapter 34. Lactate - The Preferred Aerobic Fuel of Metabolism of the Fish Heart

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 35. Lactate Dehydrogenase Adaptation to Variations of Oxygen Tension in Discoglossus Pictus Larvae

    References

    Chapter 36. Activities of some Enzymes Associated with Energy Yielding Metabolism in Three Ecologically Dissimilar Species of Marine Benthic Polychaete Worms

    Introduction

    Materials and Methods

    Results

    Discussion

    References

    Chapter 37. Relations Between the Release of Enzymes and Myoglobin Under Anoxia: A Study With the Isolated Guinea Pig Heart, Including Some Remarks on Clinical Findings +)

    Introduction

    Methods

    Results

    Discussion

    Chapter 38. Species Differences in Edema Formation and Energy Metabolism of the Heart Muscle During Aerobiosis and Anaerobiosis +)

    Methods

    Results and Discussion

    Chapter 39. Comparative Study of the Effects of Mercuric Chloride, Methylmercuric Chloride and Anoxia on Isolated Gills of the EEL

    References

    Chapter 40. Regulation and Accumulation of Heavy Metals In Euglena Gracilis

    Chapter 41. Rapid Induction of Copperbinding Proteins in the Gills of Metal Exposed Mussels

    References

    Chapter 42. Cadmium Accumulation Correlated With Increase in Metallothioneins Concentration in the Limpet

    References

    Chapter 43. Toxicity and Retention of DDT in Adult Frogs

    Material and Methods

    Results and Discussion

    References

    Chapter 44. Influence of Environmental Factors on the Ichthyo-Fauna of the Lower Elbe River

    Chapter 45. Interlake Differences in Growth Thyroid Physiology and Blood Chemistry of Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus Kisutch) in the Great Lakes of North America: Effects of Environmental Contamination?

    References

    Chapter 46. Influence of Homogeneously Applied Olfactory Stimuli on Phototaxis of Drosophila Melanogaster

    Materials and Methods

    Results

    Discussion

    Chapter 47. Chemical Orientation of Rhizophagus Grandis(Coleoptera: Rhizophagidae) Towards Mates, and Towards Preys: Dendroctonus Micans (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)

    Introduction

    Material and Methods

    Results

    Discussion

    Bibliography

    Chapter 48. Brown Fat Thermoregulation in Developing and Cold Adapted Rats and Hamsters

    Chapter 49. New Results on Occurrence and Function of Antifreeze Proteins

    References

    Chapter 50. Thermal Compensation in Protein Synthesis in Palaemon Serratus (Crustacea Natantia)

    Chapter 51. Short and Long-Termtemperature Adaptation of the Muscle Lactate Dehydrogenase in Palaemon Serratus

    Short-Term Adaptation

    Long-Term Adaptation

    References

    Chapter 52. Effects of Temperature on the Catalytic Properties of Midgut Gland 6-Phosphogluconate Dehydrogenase from Mytilus Galloprovinoialis

    Introduction

    Materials and Methods

    Results and Discussion

    References

    Chapter 53. Temperature Adaptation in Fish Muscle

    References

    Chapter 54. Temperature Effect on Carbohydrate Metabolism in Fish Brain

    References

    Chapter 55. The Effect of Temperature on Aniline Hydroxylation in the Liver of Fish

    References

    Chapter 56. Seasonal Changes on Lactate Dehydrogenase Activities of selected Tissues in Discoglossus Pictus Pictus Otth. (Anuran Amphibia)

    References

    Chapter 57. The Homeoviscous Adaptation of Cellular Membranes During Thermal Acclimation

    References

    Chapter 58. The Possible Role of Membranebound Mg2 +-Activated Atpasc in the Control of Cell Permeability During Temperature Adaptation

    References

    Chapter 59. Effect of Temperature Acclimation on Goldfish{Carassius Auratus) Intestinal Transport

    Chapter 60. Temperature Effects on Na+ Transepithelial Fluxes and (Na + -K+)-Atpase Activity in the Intestinal Mucosa of Active and Hibernating Tortoises

    Acknowledgements

    References

    Chapter 61. Seasonal Variation in Lipids, Phospholids and Constituent Fatty Acids in the Intestinal Mucosa of the Tortoise

    Acknowledgements

    References

    Chapter 62. Temperature Adaptation in the Red Cell Membrane of the Carp (Cyprinus Carpiol.): Lipid Composition, Fluidity, and Properties of the (NaK)-ATPase

    References

    Chapter 63. Comparative Studies of the Lipid Composition of Decapods from Warm, Temperate and Polar Waters

    References

    Chapter 64. Effects of High Hydrostatic Pressures on Ions Permeabilityof Isolated Gills from Sea Water Acclimated Eels Anguilla Anguilla

    References

    Chapter 65. Hematologic and Biochemical Effects of Simulated High Altitude on the Guinea Pig and Pigeon

    Methods

    Results

    Discussion

    References

    Chapter 66. Restriction of Mechanical Activity Produced By High Sound Pressures on Various Muscle Types. Experiments with Underwater Sound or Direct Vibration on Isolated Preparations of Smooth, Cardiac, and Skeletal Muscle of Guinea Pigs, Rabbits, and Frogs

    Chapter 67. Patterns of Enzyme Activity of Energy Releasing Metabolism in Compound Eyes

    Chapter 68. A Cellular Analysis of Chromatophore Interaction in Pleuronectid Camouflage

    References

    Chapter 69. Models For Directional Feature Extraction in Celestial Polarization Patterns by Insects

    Chapter 70. The Ratio G6PDH/6PGDH as a Marker in Biochemical Taxonomy

    Results

    Chapter 71. The Metabolic Exponent as a Fractal Dimension

    References

    Chapter 72. Separation and Comparative Study of Different N-Acetyl-Β-D-Hexosaminidase Forms from Ficus Latex, Planarian and Newborn Piglets

    Chapter 73. The Localization of N-Acetyl-Β-D-Glucosaminidase in Planarian Dugesia Lugubris

    Chapter 74. Evidence For a Peptidic AMP Deaminase Activator in the Gill of Trout

    References

    Chapter 75. Effects of Ph and Phosphate Ions on the Adenosine Deaminase from the Marine Clam

    Chapter 76. Structural, Ultrastructural and Biochemical Modifications in Rana Ridibunda Larvae's Liver, Receiving Different Diets

    Material and Methods

    Results and Discussion

    Chapter 77. Changes in the Plasma Fuel Levels and Body Temperature During the Breeding Fasting in the Male Emperor Penguin

    References

    Chapter 78. Effect of Diet and Insulin on G6pd and H6pd Activity of Rat Liver

    References

    Chapter 79. Skin Digestion in Bivalve Molluscs and Its Relation to Amino Acid Absorption from Sea Water

    Chapter 80. The Passage of Macromolecules Derived from Dietary Protein Through the Gut Wall and Other Barriers

    Introduction

    References

    Chapter 81. Analytical and Density Gradient Ultracentrifugation as Complementary Tools For the Determination of Plasma Lipoprotein Profiles in Some Wild European Mammals

    Chapter 82. Absorption and Metabolism of D-Glucose by Different Intestinal Segments of the Slug Arion Empiricorum F.(Gastropoda, Pulmonata)

    Introduction

    Materials and Methods

    Results and Discussion

    References

    Chapter 83. On the Adrenergic Control of the Teleost Heart

    References

    Chapter 84. Variations of Heart Rate in Behavioural Patterns and Specific Stimulation in Hermit Crabs

    Chapter 85. Locusta Migratoria: Characterisation of Proteins from Mitochondria by Two-Dimensionalgel Electrophoresis

    Chapter 86. Effect of N-Alcohols and High Pressure on the Heat Activation of the Spores of Phycomyces Blakesleeanus

    References

    Chapter 87. Transport Mechanism of Plasma Iron in Hens and Pigeons

    Methods

    Results

    Discussion

    References

    Chapter 88. An Evaluation of the Inter- and Intraindividual Components of Variance of Enzyme Activities in Rat Plasma

    Chapter 89. Phospholipids, Fatty Acids, Free Amino Acids and Proteic Amino Acids in Zooplancton from the Straight of Dover (North Sea)

    Acknowledgements

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 190
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483157856

About the Editor

R. Gilles

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