Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080249384, 9781483189321

Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology

1st Edition

Invited Lectures

Editors: R. Gilles
eBook ISBN: 9781483189321
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1980
Page Count: 638
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Description

Animals and Environmental Fitness, Volume 1: Invited Lectures is a collection of papers that tackles ecological concerns. The materials of the book are organized according the main issue of their contents. The text first tackles the chemical factors of the environment, such as water and oxygen availability, ecomones, and pollutants. The other half of the book encompasses the physical factors of the environment that include light, pressure, and temperature. The text will be of great use to scientists who study the interaction between flora, fauna, and the total environment.

Table of Contents


Introductory Comments

Marcel Florkin and the System of Biochemistry

Part A: Chemical Factors of the Environment

I. Water Availability - Osmoregulation

1. Cell Volume Control as Studied in Crustacean Tissues

2. Amino Acid Transport Coupled to Cell Volume Regulatior in Anisosmotic Media

3. Cell Volume Regulation in Mammalian Cells

4. Salt Transport Mechanisms in Branchial Epithelia

5. Water Transport in the Vertebrate Intestine

6. Renal Mechanisms for Osmoregulation in Reptiles and Birds

7. The Principle of Spatial Correlation

II. Oxygen Availavility - Aerobiosis - Anaerobiosis

8. Model Analysis of Gas Exchange Organs in Vertebrates

9. Circulation of Blood in Vertebrate Oxygen Transport

10. Respiratory Proteins: Molecular Interfaces between the Organism and Its Environment

11. Distribution of Respiratory Pigments and the Role of Anaerobic Metabolism in the Lamellibranch Molluscs

12. Energy Metabolism in Bivalves and Cephalopods

III. Economics

13. Arthropods and Ecomones: Better Fitness through Ecological Chemistry

14. Chemoreception in Arthropods: Sensory Physiology and Ecological Chemistry

15. Chemical Communication in the Marine Environment

16. Chemical Ecology of Terrestrial Vertebrates

IV. Pollutants

17. Heavy Metal Pollutants in the Aquatic Environment

18. Chemical Pollutants in the Terrestrial Environment

19. Genetic Toxicology and the Marine Environment

Part B: Physical Factors of the Environment

20. Chronobiological Variations and Their Implications in Pharmacological Responses

21. Molecular Regulatory Mechanisms of Nyctohemeral Rhythms in Hepatic Cell Division and Function

22. Light as an Entraining agent for Biological clocks

VI. Pressure

23. The Tolerance of Animals to Pressure

24. Osmoregulation and Ion Transport at High Hydrostatic Pressure

25. Pressure Effects on Biochemical Systems

26. Pressure Mediated Osmoregulatory Processes and Pressure Sensing Mechanism

VII. Temperature

27. Living Organisms and Low Ambient Temperatures A Historical Survey

28. Enzyme Regulation, Metabolic Rate and Acid-Base State in Hibernation

29. Hibernation and Membrane Function in Reptiles

30. Phospholipids and Membrane Function during Temperature Adaptation

31. The Regulation of Membrane Lipid Composition in thermally-Acc1imated Poikilotherms

32. The Maintenance of Energy Balance in Marine Invertebrates Exposed to Changes in Environmental Temperature

33. Biological Antifreezes and Survival in Freezing Environments

Subject Index

Taxonomic Index




Details

No. of pages:
638
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483189321

About the Editor

R. Gilles