Animal Toxins - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080122090, 9781483186108

Animal Toxins

1st Edition

A Collection of Papers Presented at the First International Symposium on Animal Toxins, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S.A., April 9–11, 1966

Editors: Findlay E. Russell Paul R. Saunders
eBook ISBN: 9781483186108
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1967
Page Count: 444
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Animal Toxins is a collection of papers that tackles the advancement in studies that aim to enhance the contemporary understanding of animal toxins. The materials in the text are organized according to the organism they cover. The first section tackles the concerns with venomous arthropods, such as the structure of the venom gland of the black widow spider Latrodectus mactans and the biochemical-immunochemical aspects of the venom from the scorpion Centruroides sculpturatus. Next, articles about poisonous marine animals are presented, which include differentiation of the poisons of fish, shellfish, and plankton and block of sensory nerve conduction in the cat by mussel poison and tetrodotoxin. In Section III, the selection reviews papers about snakes and amphibians, such as epidemiological methods in studying venomous snakebites and chemistry of cytotoxic substances in amphibian toxins. The book will be of great interest to toxicologists, zoologists, and biochemists.

Table of Contents

Section I. Arthropods Structure of the venom gland of the black widow spider Latrodectus mactans. A preliminary light and electron microscopic study The venom of the honeybee (Apis mellifera): I. General character Venom of an East African orthognath spider Isolation and characterization of a lethal component from the venom of Latrodectus mactans mactans Aphonopelma tarantula venom Molecular aspects of neurotoxic principle in venom of the scorpion Centruroides sculpturatus Biochemical-immunochemical aspects of the venom from the scorpion Centruroides sculpturatus The spider genus Latrodectus in Santiago Del Estero, Argentina Section II. Marine Organisms Ecological interactions of toxic dinoflagellates and molluscs in the Gulf of Mexico Differentiation of the poisons of fish, shellfish and plankton Biochemical studies on purified Gonyaulax catenella poison Block of sensory nerve conduction in the cat by mussel poison and tetrodotoxin Comparison of the biological actions of tetrodotoxin and saxitoxin Extraction of cnidarian venom from living tentacle Recent observations on the pharmacology of Physalia toxin The venom of the piscivorous gastropod Conus striatus A biologically active substance from the spines of two diadematid sea urchins Marine toxins from the Pacific, I—Advances in the investigation of fish toxins Fresh water venomous rays The venom apparatus of the European star-gazer Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus Physiological and pharmacological studies on extracts of the western Atlantic puffer Spheroides maculatus Section III. Snakes and Amphibians The structure of the venom gland and secretion of venom in viperid snakes Epidemiological methods in studying venomous snakebites Observations on toxicity and antigenic makeup of venoms from juvenile snakes Observations on Dendroaspis venoms Production by snake venom


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© Pergamon 1967
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About the Editor

Findlay E. Russell

Paul R. Saunders

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