Animal Memory - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123550507, 9781483273365

Animal Memory

1st Edition

Editors: Werner K. Honig P. H. R. James
eBook ISBN: 9781483273365
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1971
Page Count: 302
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Description

Animal Memory is based on the proceedings of a symposium held at Dalhousie University in the summer of 1969. Each of the seven chapters provide broad coverage of the topic with which it is concerned, and the experimental work reported is representative of the most significant developments in the field. The book includes two studies on associative memory—the memory of one event which is essential to its association (over a delay) with subsequent events. One study shows that shows that animals can remember events from one learning trial to the next and that their behavior will be determined largely by the sequences of trials with differing outcomes; the other presents research on the association of flavors with toxicosis in a conditioning paradigm. Separate chapters deal with retentive memory—the retention and forgetting of learned behavior over time; and the physiological basis of memory in terms of consolidation theory. These studies demonstrate that animals do forget and examine theories of forgetting. The final chapter provides a critical discussion based on all of the foregoing material in which the topics covered in the book are related to current work on human retention and forgetting.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors Preface Chapter 1. Forgetting of Long-Term Memories in Animals I. What-if Anything-is Forgotten? II. The Why of Forgetting III. Summary References Chapter 2. Forgetting as Retrieval Failure I. Theoretical Framework II. Measures of Forgetting: "Lapses" and "Losses" III. Modifications of Interference with Increasing Retention Intervals: Proactive Interference IV. Retention Loss over Intermediate Intervals V. General Discussion VI. Conclusion References Chapter 3. Memory and Learning: a Sequential Viewpoint Part I I. Historical Background II. Varieties of Models III. Memories as Internal Stimuli: Objections to This View IV. What is Learned: Two Points of View V. Objections to the Sequential Analysis Part II I. Experiment 1: Long ITI's, Irregular Schedules, and Magnitude of Reward II. Experiment 2: N-Length vs. Number of Nonrewards III. Experiment 3: Small Trial PRE: N-Length without Prior Reward IV. Experiment 4: Discrimination Learning V. Conclusion References Chapter 4. The Role of Interference in Association over a Delay I. Introduction II. Associative Memory and Retentive Memory III. Current Interference IV. Delay of Reinforcement in Instrumental Learning V. Relevance VI. Concurrent Interference in Flavor-Toxicosis Associations VII. Summary References Chapter 5. Modification of Memory Storage Processes I. Neurobiological Correlates of Learning and Memory: Problem of Permanence II. Experimental Analysis of Time-Dependent Processes of Memory Storage III. Permanence of Treatment Effects IV. Nature of the Treatment Gradient V. Drug Facilitation of Memory Storage VI. Time vs. Events as Determinants of the Treatment Gradients VII. Relationships among Memory Sto

Details

No. of pages:
302
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1971
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483273365

About the Editor

Werner K. Honig

P. H. R. James

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