Animal Memory - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123550507, 9781483273365

Animal Memory

1st Edition

Editors: Werner K. Honig P. H. R. James
eBook ISBN: 9781483273365
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1971
Page Count: 302
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Description

Animal Memory is based on the proceedings of a symposium held at Dalhousie University in the summer of 1969. Each of the seven chapters provide broad coverage of the topic with which it is concerned, and the experimental work reported is representative of the most significant developments in the field. The book includes two studies on associative memory—the memory of one event which is essential to its association (over a delay) with subsequent events. One study shows that shows that animals can remember events from one learning trial to the next and that their behavior will be determined largely by the sequences of trials with differing outcomes; the other presents research on the association of flavors with toxicosis in a conditioning paradigm. Separate chapters deal with retentive memory—the retention and forgetting of learned behavior over time; and the physiological basis of memory in terms of consolidation theory. These studies demonstrate that animals do forget and examine theories of forgetting. The final chapter provides a critical discussion based on all of the foregoing material in which the topics covered in the book are related to current work on human retention and forgetting.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Chapter 1. Forgetting of Long-Term Memories in Animals

I. What-if Anything-is Forgotten?

II. The Why of Forgetting

III. Summary

References

Chapter 2. Forgetting as Retrieval Failure

I. Theoretical Framework

II. Measures of Forgetting: "Lapses" and "Losses"

III. Modifications of Interference with Increasing Retention Intervals: Proactive Interference

IV. Retention Loss over Intermediate Intervals

V. General Discussion

VI. Conclusion

References

Chapter 3. Memory and Learning: a Sequential Viewpoint

Part I

I. Historical Background

II. Varieties of Models

III. Memories as Internal Stimuli: Objections to This View

IV. What is Learned: Two Points of View

V. Objections to the Sequential Analysis

Part II

I. Experiment 1: Long ITI's, Irregular Schedules, and Magnitude of Reward

II. Experiment 2: N-Length vs. Number of Nonrewards

III. Experiment 3: Small Trial PRE: N-Length without Prior Reward

IV. Experiment 4: Discrimination Learning

V. Conclusion

References

Chapter 4. The Role of Interference in Association over a Delay

I. Introduction

II. Associative Memory and Retentive Memory

III. Current Interference

IV. Delay of Reinforcement in Instrumental Learning

V. Relevance

VI. Concurrent Interference in Flavor-Toxicosis Associations

VII. Summary

References

Chapter 5. Modification of Memory Storage Processes

I. Neurobiological Correlates of Learning and Memory: Problem of Permanence

II. Experimental Analysis of Time-Dependent Processes of Memory Storage

III. Permanence of Treatment Effects

IV. Nature of the Treatment Gradient

V. Drug Facilitation of Memory Storage

VI. Time vs. Events as Determinants of the Treatment Gradients

VII. Relationships among Memory Storage Processes

VIII. A Storage and a Retrieval Effect of ECS

IX. Neurobiological Bases of Treatments

References

Chapter 6. Effects of Antibiotics on Long-Term Memory Formation in the Goldfish

I. Introduction

II. The Antibiotic Inhibitors of Macromolecular Synthesis

III. Effects of Antibiotics on Learning and Memory in the Goldfish

IV. Possible Mechanisms

References

Chapter 7. Some Issues Relating Animal Memory to Human Memory

I. Introduction

II. Interference Theory and Animal Memory

III. Information Processing Models and Animal Memory

IV. Conclusion

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
302
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1971
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483273365

About the Editor

Werner K. Honig

P. H. R. James