Animal Memory

Animal Memory

1st Edition - January 1, 1971

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  • Editors: Werner K. Honig, P. H. R. James
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273365

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Description

Animal Memory is based on the proceedings of a symposium held at Dalhousie University in the summer of 1969. Each of the seven chapters provide broad coverage of the topic with which it is concerned, and the experimental work reported is representative of the most significant developments in the field. The book includes two studies on associative memory—the memory of one event which is essential to its association (over a delay) with subsequent events. One study shows that shows that animals can remember events from one learning trial to the next and that their behavior will be determined largely by the sequences of trials with differing outcomes; the other presents research on the association of flavors with toxicosis in a conditioning paradigm. Separate chapters deal with retentive memory—the retention and forgetting of learned behavior over time; and the physiological basis of memory in terms of consolidation theory. These studies demonstrate that animals do forget and examine theories of forgetting. The final chapter provides a critical discussion based on all of the foregoing material in which the topics covered in the book are related to current work on human retention and forgetting.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Chapter 1. Forgetting of Long-Term Memories in Animals

    I. What-if Anything-is Forgotten?

    II. The Why of Forgetting

    III. Summary

    References

    Chapter 2. Forgetting as Retrieval Failure

    I. Theoretical Framework

    II. Measures of Forgetting: "Lapses" and "Losses"

    III. Modifications of Interference with Increasing Retention Intervals: Proactive Interference

    IV. Retention Loss over Intermediate Intervals

    V. General Discussion

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 3. Memory and Learning: a Sequential Viewpoint

    Part I

    I. Historical Background

    II. Varieties of Models

    III. Memories as Internal Stimuli: Objections to This View

    IV. What is Learned: Two Points of View

    V. Objections to the Sequential Analysis

    Part II

    I. Experiment 1: Long ITI's, Irregular Schedules, and Magnitude of Reward

    II. Experiment 2: N-Length vs. Number of Nonrewards

    III. Experiment 3: Small Trial PRE: N-Length without Prior Reward

    IV. Experiment 4: Discrimination Learning

    V. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 4. The Role of Interference in Association over a Delay

    I. Introduction

    II. Associative Memory and Retentive Memory

    III. Current Interference

    IV. Delay of Reinforcement in Instrumental Learning

    V. Relevance

    VI. Concurrent Interference in Flavor-Toxicosis Associations

    VII. Summary

    References

    Chapter 5. Modification of Memory Storage Processes

    I. Neurobiological Correlates of Learning and Memory: Problem of Permanence

    II. Experimental Analysis of Time-Dependent Processes of Memory Storage

    III. Permanence of Treatment Effects

    IV. Nature of the Treatment Gradient

    V. Drug Facilitation of Memory Storage

    VI. Time vs. Events as Determinants of the Treatment Gradients

    VII. Relationships among Memory Storage Processes

    VIII. A Storage and a Retrieval Effect of ECS

    IX. Neurobiological Bases of Treatments

    References

    Chapter 6. Effects of Antibiotics on Long-Term Memory Formation in the Goldfish

    I. Introduction

    II. The Antibiotic Inhibitors of Macromolecular Synthesis

    III. Effects of Antibiotics on Learning and Memory in the Goldfish

    IV. Possible Mechanisms

    References

    Chapter 7. Some Issues Relating Animal Memory to Human Memory

    I. Introduction

    II. Interference Theory and Animal Memory

    III. Information Processing Models and Animal Memory

    IV. Conclusion

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 302
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: January 1, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273365

About the Editors

Werner K. Honig

P. H. R. James

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