Analytical Planning - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080325996, 9781483153964

Analytical Planning

1st Edition

The Organization of System

Authors: Thomas L. Saaty Kevin P. Kearns
Editors: E. Y. Rodin
eBook ISBN: 9781483153964
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1985
Page Count: 216
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Analytical Planning: The Organization of Systems deals with systems and planning and suggests a methodological tool for integrating the two. This book presents the basic ideas behind complexity, systems, hierarchies, and prioritization and describes planning as a unique form of decision making with illustrations of some prominent philosophical and methodological approaches. It highlights some shortcomings of traditional approaches to planning and shows how these can be addressed by the systems approach. This monograph consists of seven chapters and opens with a discussion on the nature of complexity and describes an approach that facilitates the use of creativity and experience to structure complex problems. The next chapter explains the rationale for systems thinking and how reductionism works. The Analytic Hierarchy Process is then considered, along with its relationship to some of the properties of systems. The remaining chapters focus on ways of thinking about planning and philosophies of planning; strategic planning; and the applicability of the Analytic Hierarchy Process to benefit-cost analysis and resource allocation. This book is intended for managers, decision makers, and planners, as well as researchers and practitioners in applied mathematics and computer science.

Table of Contents

Part I. Systems and Complexity

Chapter 1 Complexity

1. Introduction

2. Complexity

3. Examples of Complex Problems

4. Need for a Broader World View


Suggested Readings

Books on Systems Theory


Chapter 2 Systems

1. The Rationale for Systems Thinking

2. Causal Explanation—How Reductionism Works

3. Systems Theory Past and Present

4. The Conceptual Value of Systems Theory


Suggested Readings

Chapter 3 The Analytic Hierarchy Process

1. Introduction

2. The Principle of Identity and Decomposition

3. The Principle of Discrimination and Comparative Judgments

4. Synthesis of Priorities

5. A Summary of Steps in the AHP

6. Hierarchies as Representations of Complexity

7. Some Justification for the 1-9 Scale

8. Group Judgments and Variable Judgments

9. Measuring Performance

10. Additional Applications of the AHP

11. Comments on Dependence

12. Comparison with Other Methods

13. Conclusion


Suggested Readings

Chapter 4 Systems Characteristics and the Analytic Hierarchy Process

1. Introduction

2. Purpose

3. Functions

4. Flows

5. Structures

6. Characterization of Open Systems

7. Prerequisites for an Effective Systems Methodology

8. The Object of Systems Study: Design and Control

9. On Designing Adaptive Systems


Suggested Readings

Part II. Strategic Planning

Chapter 5 Current Theories of Planning

1. Introduction: To Plan or Not to Plan?

2. Ways of Thinking about Planning

3. A Definition of Planning

4. Philosophies of Planning

5. Conclusion


Suggested Readings

Chapter 6 Strategic Planning

1. Introduction

2. The Planning Process

3. The Forward-Backward Planning Process

4. Rationale for the Forward-Backward Planning Process

5. Combining the Forward and Backward Processes

6. Summary of Forward-Backward Analysis

7. Forward Planning Example: Future of Higher Education in the United States (1985-2000)

8. Backward Planning Example with Program Selection and Allocation of Resources for Commercial Power Generation Engineering

9. Forward-Backward Planning for a Consumer Products Manufacturer

10. Risk and Uncertainty

11. The Future of Synthetic Transportation Fuels

12. Conclusion


Suggested Readings

Chapter 7 Benefit-Cost Analysis and Resource Allocation

1. Introduction

2. Benefit-Cost Analysis: Traditional and AHP Approaches

3. Resource Allocation

4. Conclusion


Suggested Readings

Other Books on Benefit-Cost Analysis and Resource Allocation

Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Pergamon 1985
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Thomas L. Saaty

Kevin P. Kearns

About the Editor

E. Y. Rodin

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