Analytical Methods for Organic Cyano Groups - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080161914, 9781483278612

Analytical Methods for Organic Cyano Groups

1st Edition

Authors: M. R. F. Ashworth
Editors: R. Belcher D. M. W. Anderson
eBook ISBN: 9781483278612
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1971
Page Count: 152
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Description

Monographs in Organic Functional Group Analysis, Volume 6: Analytical Methods for Organic Cyano Groups describes both qualitative and quantitative analytical methods for analysis of various organic cyano groups. This book is organized into two parts encompassing 12 chapters. Part A presents some chemical methods, which are classified according to the reaction undergone by the compound being detected, identified or determined. This part specifically covers reactions of addition to the cyano group; of other groups activated and unaffected by the cyano group; degradation reactions; and other chemical reactions. Part B highlights pure physical methods, including polarographic procedures, spectroscopic, spectrophotometric, chromatographic, and ion exchange methods, as well as azeotropic distillation. This book will be of value to organic and analytical chemists, as well as to and organic and analytical chemistry teachers, students, and researchers.

Table of Contents

Preface Chapter 1. Introduction References Part A. Chemical methods General Introduction Chapter 2. Reactions of (Addition to) the Cyano Group Introduction

1. Reduction: —CN—CH2—NH2 2. Hydrolysis 3. Addition of Hydrogen Sulphide 4. Addition of Alcohols 5. Addition of Ammonia 6. Addition of Hydroxylamine 7. Addition of Hydrazine 8. Addition of Mercaptans 9. Addition of Polyphenols 10. Addition of Grignard Reagent 11. Preparation of N-(2-Chloroalkyl) amides 12. Formation of Metal Complexes References Chapter 3. Reactions of Groups Activated by the Cyano Group Introduction 1. a,β-Unsaturated Nitriles 2. Compounds Containing the —CH2CN or =CHCN Group 3. Compounds Containing the -NH- or NH2 Group Attached to -CN References Chapter 4. Reactions of Groups Sensibly Unaffected by the Cyano Group 1. Higher Aliphatic Nitriles 2. β,y-Unsaturated Nitriles 3. Aromatic Groups in Nitriles 4. Halogen Atoms in Trichloroacetonitrile 5. Azo Group in Azobisisobutyronitrile 6. Hydrazo Group in 2,2'-Hydrazobisisobutyronitrile 7. Ester Group in Nitriles 8. Amino Groups (not Directly Linked to a Cyano Group) 9. Amidino or Guanidino Group in Dicyanodiamide 10. Cobalt in Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) 11. 5,6-Dimethylbenzimidazole in Vitamin B12 References Chapter 5. Degradation Reactions During Which the Cyano Group Remains Intact Introduction 1. Pyrolysis without Added Reagent 2. Pyrolysis in Presence of Oxidising Agents 3. Pyrolysis in Presence of a Base 4. Reductive Fission of TV-cyano Compounds 5. Hydrolytic Fission of Cyanohydrins 6. Formati

Details

No. of pages:
152
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1971
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483278612

About the Author

M. R. F. Ashworth

About the Editor

R. Belcher

D. M. W. Anderson

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