Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124408401, 9780323149037

Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds

1st Edition

Authors: Milton Lee
eBook ISBN: 9780323149037
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th April 1981
Page Count: 474
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Description

Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds focuses on the chemical and physical properties of the polycyclic aromatic compounds, critically evaluating various chromatographic and spectroscopic methods.

This book discusses how gas chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography can be both competitive and complementary analytical methods. Ancillary techniques of both are emphasized for the structural elucidation of individual polycyclic aromatic compounds in complex mixtures. The merits of spectroscopic methods in both structural work and quantitation are also described.

This text likewise provides background information concerning the chemistry, occurrence, and toxicology of polycyclic aromatic compounds, including the isolation of polycyclic aromatic compounds from a wide variety of materials and matrices.

This publication is recommended to scientists involved with the study of polycyclic aromatic compounds, analysts who need to acquire routine data, and individuals charged with formulating environmental policies and drafting regulations.

Table of Contents


Preface

1 Physical and Chemical Properties

I. Nomenclature

II. Physical Properties

III. Chemical Properties

References

2 Occurrence

I. Formation

II. Sources

III. Distribution

References

3 Toxicology and Metabolism

I. Introduction

II. Toxicity

III. Biological Testing

IV. Structure-Activity Relationships

V. Binding of PAC to Cellular and Subcellular Units

VI. Metabolism

VII. Analytical Methods

References

4 Collection, Extraction, and Fractionation

I. Introduction

II. Collection and Extraction

III. Concentration and Clean-Up

IV. Selected Analytical Schemes

V. Isolation of the Nitrogen Heterocycle Fraction

VI. Isolation of the Sulfur Heterocycle Fraction

References

5 Column, Paper, and Thin-Layer Chromatography

I. Introduction

II. Column Adsorption Chromatography

III. Paper and Thin-Layer Chromatography

IV. Gel Permeation Chromatography

References

6 High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

I. Introduction

II. Chromatographic Columns

III. Gradient Elution Techniques

IV. Detection Systems

V. Capillary and Microbore Columns

References

7 Gas Chromatography

I. Introduction

II. Stationary Phases

III. Capillary Gas Chromatography

IV. Detectors and Ancillary Techniques

V. Supercritical-Fluid Chromatography

References

8 Mass Spectrometry

I. Introduction

II. Electron Impact

III. Chemical Ionization and Negative Ions

IV. Metastable Ions and Collision Spectroscopy

V. Field Ionization and Field Desorption

VI. Photoionization

References

9 Ultraviolet Absorption and Luminescence Spectroscopy

I. Introduction

II. Ultraviolet Absorption

III. Fluorescence

IV. Phosphorescence

V. Selective Quenching in Luminescence Analysis

VI. Low-Temperature Luminescence

VII. New Luminescence Methods

References

10 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Infrared Spectroscopy

I. Introduction

II. Continuous-Wave 1H NMR

III. Pulse Fourier-Transform NMR

IV. Fourier-Transform IR

References

11 Approaches to Problem Solving in PAC Analysis

I. Introduction

II. Priority Pollutants in Contaminated Water

III. Analysis of Methylchrysenes

References

Appendix 1: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Names, Formulas, Structures, and Numbering

Appendix 2: Polycyclic Aromatic Heterocycles Containing One Nitrogen Atom: Names, Formulas, Structures, and Numbering

Appendix 3: Polycyclic Aromatic Heterocycles Containing One Sulfur Atom: Names, Formulas, Structures, and Numbering

Appendix 4: Polycyclic Aromatic Heterocycles Containing One Oxygen Atom: Names, Formulas, Structures, and Numbering

Appendix 5: Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds That Have Been Tested for Carcinogenic Activity

Index

Details

No. of pages:
474
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1981
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323149037

About the Author

Milton Lee