Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds

Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds

1st Edition - April 28, 1981

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  • Author: Milton Lee
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149037

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Description

Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds focuses on the chemical and physical properties of the polycyclic aromatic compounds, critically evaluating various chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. This book discusses how gas chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography can be both competitive and complementary analytical methods. Ancillary techniques of both are emphasized for the structural elucidation of individual polycyclic aromatic compounds in complex mixtures. The merits of spectroscopic methods in both structural work and quantitation are also described. This text likewise provides background information concerning the chemistry, occurrence, and toxicology of polycyclic aromatic compounds, including the isolation of polycyclic aromatic compounds from a wide variety of materials and matrices. This publication is recommended to scientists involved with the study of polycyclic aromatic compounds, analysts who need to acquire routine data, and individuals charged with formulating environmental policies and drafting regulations.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    1 Physical and Chemical Properties

    I. Nomenclature

    II. Physical Properties

    III. Chemical Properties

    References

    2 Occurrence

    I. Formation

    II. Sources

    III. Distribution

    References

    3 Toxicology and Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Toxicity

    III. Biological Testing

    IV. Structure-Activity Relationships

    V. Binding of PAC to Cellular and Subcellular Units

    VI. Metabolism

    VII. Analytical Methods

    References

    4 Collection, Extraction, and Fractionation

    I. Introduction

    II. Collection and Extraction

    III. Concentration and Clean-Up

    IV. Selected Analytical Schemes

    V. Isolation of the Nitrogen Heterocycle Fraction

    VI. Isolation of the Sulfur Heterocycle Fraction

    References

    5 Column, Paper, and Thin-Layer Chromatography

    I. Introduction

    II. Column Adsorption Chromatography

    III. Paper and Thin-Layer Chromatography

    IV. Gel Permeation Chromatography

    References

    6 High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

    I. Introduction

    II. Chromatographic Columns

    III. Gradient Elution Techniques

    IV. Detection Systems

    V. Capillary and Microbore Columns

    References

    7 Gas Chromatography

    I. Introduction

    II. Stationary Phases

    III. Capillary Gas Chromatography

    IV. Detectors and Ancillary Techniques

    V. Supercritical-Fluid Chromatography

    References

    8 Mass Spectrometry

    I. Introduction

    II. Electron Impact

    III. Chemical Ionization and Negative Ions

    IV. Metastable Ions and Collision Spectroscopy

    V. Field Ionization and Field Desorption

    VI. Photoionization

    References

    9 Ultraviolet Absorption and Luminescence Spectroscopy

    I. Introduction

    II. Ultraviolet Absorption

    III. Fluorescence

    IV. Phosphorescence

    V. Selective Quenching in Luminescence Analysis

    VI. Low-Temperature Luminescence

    VII. New Luminescence Methods

    References

    10 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Infrared Spectroscopy

    I. Introduction

    II. Continuous-Wave 1H NMR

    III. Pulse Fourier-Transform NMR

    IV. Fourier-Transform IR

    References

    11 Approaches to Problem Solving in PAC Analysis

    I. Introduction

    II. Priority Pollutants in Contaminated Water

    III. Analysis of Methylchrysenes

    References

    Appendix 1: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Names, Formulas, Structures, and Numbering

    Appendix 2: Polycyclic Aromatic Heterocycles Containing One Nitrogen Atom: Names, Formulas, Structures, and Numbering

    Appendix 3: Polycyclic Aromatic Heterocycles Containing One Sulfur Atom: Names, Formulas, Structures, and Numbering

    Appendix 4: Polycyclic Aromatic Heterocycles Containing One Oxygen Atom: Names, Formulas, Structures, and Numbering

    Appendix 5: Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds That Have Been Tested for Carcinogenic Activity

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 474
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: April 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149037

About the Author

Milton Lee

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