Analysis of the New Metals

Analysis of the New Metals

Titanium, Zirconium, Hafnium, Niobium, Tantalum, Tungsten and Their Alloys

1st Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Authors: W. T. Elwell, D. F. Wood
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483185842

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Analysis of the New Metals: Titanium, Zirconium, Hafnium, Niobium, Tantalum, Tungsten and their Alloys focuses on methods for the analysis of titanium, zirconium, hafnium, niobium, tantalum, tungsten, and their alloys. Emphasis is on the procedures used in Imperial Metal Industries (Kynoch) Limited's laboratories for the analysis of these metals. These procedures include the oxide-resin procedure, solution procedure, and the point-to-plane spectrographic procedure. Comprised of six chapters, this book begins with an overview of special procedures for obtaining representative samples, including the use of titanium or zirconium sponge (Kroll process) as well as titanium granules (ICI sodium process). Subsequent chapters discuss the identification of titanium and its alloys such as aluminum, boron, calcium, carbon, and copper by means of the point-to-plane spectrographic procedure, a Fuess metal spectroscope, and chemical spot-tests; spectroscopic analysis of zirconium, zirconium alloys, and ionide-refined hafnium; and spectroscopic analysis of niobium, tantalum, tungsten, and their alloys. This monograph will be useful for undergraduate students, educators, practitioners, and researchers in metallurgy.

Table of Contents

  • Preface


    I. Introduction

    1. Sampling

    2. General Information

    II. Titanium and its Alloys

    3. Typical Specifications (Composition)

    4. Aluminium

    5. Boron

    6. Calcium

    7. Carbon

    8. Chlorine

    9. Chromium

    10. Cobalt

    11. Copper

    12. Hydrogen

    13. Iron

    14. Magnesium

    15. Manganese

    16. Moisture

    17. Molybdenum

    18. Nickel

    19. Nitrogen

    20. Oxygen and Hydrogen

    21. Phosphorus

    22. Silicon

    23. Silver

    24. Sodium

    25. Tin

    26. Titanium

    27. Tungsten

    28. Vanadium and Chromium

    29. Zinc

    30. Zirconium

    Identification of Titanium Alloys

    31. Point-to-Plane Spectrographs Procedure

    32. Using a Fuess Metal Spectroscope

    33. Chemical Spot-Tests

    III. Zirconium, Hafnium and their Alloys

    34. Typical Analysis of Zirconium, Zirconium Alloys and Ionide-Refined Hafnium

    35. Aluminium

    36. Boron

    37. Cadmium

    38. Calcium

    39. Carbon

    40. Chlorine

    41. Chromium

    42. Cobalt

    43. Copper and Molybdenum

    44. Hydrogen

    45. Iron

    46. Lead

    47. Lithium

    48. Magnesium

    49. Manganese

    50. Molybdenum and Copper

    51. Nickel

    52. Niobium

    53. Nitrogen

    54. Oxygen and Hydrogen

    55. Phosphorus

    56. Silicon

    57. Sodium

    58. Tantalum

    59. Tin and Lead

    60. Titanium

    61. Tungsten

    62. Uranium

    63. Vanadium

    64. Zinc

    Spectroscopic Analysis of Zirconium, Zirconium Alloys and Hafnium


    65. Identification of Zirconium Alloys: Using a Fuess Metal Spectroscope

    66. Identification of Zirconium Alloys: Point-to-Plane Procedure

    67. Impurities in Zirconium: Point-to-Plane Procedure

    68. Impurities in Zirconium: Oxide-Resin Procedure

    69. Boron, Cadmium and Lead in Zirconium: Carrier-Distillation Procedure

    70. Rare Earths in Zirconium: Oxide-Resin Procedure

    71. Calcium in Zirconium: Oxide-Resin Procedure

    72. Impurities in Hafnium: Point-to-Plane Procedure

    73. Impurities in Hafnium: Oxide-Resin Procedure

    74. Zirconium in Hafnium: Solution Procedure

    75. Zirconium in Hafnium: Point-to-Plane Procedure

    76. Alloying Constituents in ZR20: X-Ray Fluorescence Procedure

    IV. Niobium and its Alloys

    77. Typical Specification (Composition) for Reactor-Grade Niobium

    78. Aluminium

    79. Boron

    80. Carbon

    81. Chromium

    82. Copper and Zinc

    83. Hydrogen

    84. Iron

    85. Molybdenum and Tungsten

    86. Nickel

    87. Nitrogen

    88. Oxygen and Hydrogen

    89. Silicon

    90. Titanium

    91. Tungsten

    92. Vanadium

    93. Zirconium (or Hafnium)

    Spectroscopic Analysis of Niobium


    94. Impurities in Niobium: Oxide-Resin Procedure

    95. Boron, Cadmium, Lead and Tin in Niobium: Carrier-Distillation Procedure

    V. Tantalum and its Alloys


    96. Carbon

    97. Iron

    98. Molybdenum and Tungsten

    99. Nitrogen

    100. Oxygen and Hydrogen

    101. Zirconium

    VI. Tungsten and its Alloys


    102. Boron

    103. Carbon

    104. Hydrogen

    105. Iron

    106. Molybdenum

    107. Nickel

    108. Nitrogen

    109. Oxygen and Hydrogen

    110. Phosphorus

    111. Titanium

    112. Zirconium (or Hafnium)


    Appendix 1

    113. Atomic Numbers and Weights

    Appendix 2

    114. Suppliers of Special Reagents, Apparatus, etc.

    Appendix 3

    115. References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1966
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483185842

About the Authors

W. T. Elwell

D. F. Wood

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