An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

2nd Edition

Authors: Michael Ojovan William Lee
Hardcover ISBN: 9780080993928
eBook ISBN: 9780080993935
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 6th December 2013
Page Count: 376
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Description

Drawing on the authors’ extensive experience in the processing and disposal of waste, An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Second Edition examines the gamut of nuclear waste issues from the natural level of radionuclides in the environment to geological disposal of waste-forms and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices such as bitumen. The final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of the resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste.

Key Features

  • The fully revised second edition focuses on core technologies and has an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards
  • Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilization: cement, bitumen, glass and new materials
  • Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste - such as treatment schemes and technologies and disposal - at the forefront

Readership

Materials, environmental and energy scientists and researchers. Anyone researching or developing materials for nuclear waste immobilization.

Table of Contents

Dedication

Preface to the Second Edition

1. Introduction to Immobilisation

1.1 Introduction

1.2 The Importance of Waste

1.3 Radioactive Waste

1.4 Recycling

1.5 Waste Minimisation

1.6 Processing and Immobilisation

1.7 Time Frames

Bibliography

2. Nuclear Decay

2.1 Nuclear Matter

2.2 Radioactive Decay

2.3 Decay Law

2.4 Radioactive Equilibrium

2.5 Activity

2.6 Alpha Decay

2.7 Beta Decay

2.8 Gamma Decay

2.9 Spontaneous Fission

2.10 Radionuclide Characteristics

Bibliography

3. Contaminants and Hazards

3.1 Elemental Abundance

3.2 Migration and Redistribution

3.3 Potential Hazard of Nuclear Waste

3.4 Relative Hazards

3.5 Importance of Wasteform: Real Hazard Concept

3.6 Wasteform Durability and Hazard Diminishing

Bibliography

4. Naturally Occurring Radionuclides

4.1 NORM and TENORM

4.2 Primordial Radionuclides

4.3 Use of Primordial Radionuclides for Dating

4.4 Natural Nuclear Reactors

4.5 Cosmogenic Radionuclides

4.6 Natural Radionuclides in Igneous Rocks

4.7 Natural Radionuclides in Sedimentary Rocks and Soils

4.8 Natural Radionuclides in Sea Water

4.9 Radon Emissions

4.10 Natural Radionuclides in the Human Body

Bibliography

5. Background Radiation

5.1 Radiation is Natural

5.2 Dose Units

5.3 Biological Consequences of Irradiation

5.4 Background Radiation

Bibliography

6. Nuclear Waste Regulations

6.1 Regulatory Organisations

6.2 Protection Philosophies

6.3 Regulation of Radioactive Materials and Sources

6.4 Exemption Criteria and Levels

6.5 Clearance of Materials from Regulatory Control – Moderate Amounts

6.6 Clearance of Materials fr

Details

No. of pages:
376
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780080993935
Hardcover ISBN:
9780080993928
Paperback ISBN:
9780081013632

About the Author

Michael Ojovan

Dr Michael I. Ojovan is an Associate Professor (Reader) in Materials Science and Waste Immobilisation at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Sheffield, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Sheffield, UK

William Lee

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Materials, Imperial College London, UK

Reviews

"The second edition of this book is a great opportunity to learn about the state-of-the-art of radioactive waste management, both from a scientific and a technical perspective. The book is made up of 21 short, clear, nicely-illustrated chapters covering most aspects of the problem…authors are well-known scientists with broad international experience…"--MaterialsToday.com, March 6, 2014

From first edition:
"The book is intended as an introductory text for postgraduate students and researchers in the field. In addition, it serves as an excellent source of knowledge for undergraduates (in physics, chemistry, geology, materials etc.) who require general information on nuclear waste and its immobilisation."--Dr. John Fernie, MATERIALS WORLD, May 2007