An Introduction to Coal Technology

An Introduction to Coal Technology

1st Edition - July 28, 1979

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  • Author: N. Berkowitz
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323138383

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An Introduction to Coal Technology provides an overview explaining what coal is, how it came into being, what its principal physical and chemical properties are, and how it is handled or processed for particular end uses. This book is divided into two parts; the first of which focuses on coal science and the second on technology. This volume is organized into 15 chapters and begins with a brief account of the origin, formation, and distribution of coal, along with its composition, classification, and most important properties. It then turns to beneficiation and handling; combustion; and various partial or complete conversion technologies. The final chapter deals with some aspects of pollution and pollution control. This book provides fairly detailed discussions on coal chemistry, including the molecular structure of coal. The challenges and limitations of coal technology are also considered. This book is intended for scientists and engineers who are active in other fields, but who might want to bring coal within the orbit of their interests, and to advanced students of chemical and mineral engineering who are contemplating careers in coal-related endeavors.

Table of Contents

  • Preface


    Part I Origins, Formation, and Properties of Coal

    Chapter 1 Origins and Formation

    1.1 Diagenesis and Metamorphism

    1.2 The Coal "Series"

    1.3 Major Coal-Forming Epochs

    1.4 The Distribution of Coal



    Chapter 2 Compositions

    2.1 Physical Composition

    2.2 Chemical Composition

    2.3 Relationship among Age, Location, and Rank of Coal

    2.4 Mineral Matter in Coal



    Chapter 3 Classification

    3.1 Humic and Sapropelic Coals

    3.2 Classification Parameters

    3.3 Classification Systems



    Chapter 4 Physical Properties

    4.1 Porosity and Pore Structure

    4.2 Density

    4.3 Electrical Conductivity

    4.4 Specific Heats, Thermal Conductivity, and Thermal Expansion

    4.5 Elasticity, Hardness, and Strength



    Chapter 5 Chemical Properties

    5.1 Oxidation with Air or Oxygen

    5.2 Oxidation with Liquid Oxidants

    5.3 Oxidative Ammoniation ("Ammoxidation")

    5.4 Halogenation

    5.5 Hydrogenation

    5.6 Depolymerization, Alkylation, and Related Reactions

    5.7 The Chemical Structure of Coal



    Chapter 6 Behavior at Elevated Temperatures: Decomposition and Carbonization

    6.1 The Kinetics of Thermal Decomposition

    6.2 Liquid and Gaseous Products of Thermal Decomposition

    6.3 The Plastic Properties of Coal

    6.4 Solid Products of Thermal Decomposition



    Chapter 7 The Action of Solvents on Coal

    7.1 Specific and Nonspecific Solvents

    7.2 Extract Yields

    7.3 The Composition of Coal Extracts

    7.4 Solvolysis



    Part II Upgrading, Handling, and Processing of Coal

    Chapter 8 Beneficiation: Cleaning, Drying, and Briquetting

    8.1 Cleaning

    8.2 Drying

    8.3 Briquetting



    Chapter 9 Transportation and Storage

    9.1 Transportation

    9.2 Quality Deterioration and Autogenous Heating

    9.3 Storage Methods



    Chapter 10 Combustion

    10.1 The Chemistry of Combustion

    10.2 Combustion Modes

    10.3 Fixed-Bed Combustion

    10.4 Suspension Firing

    10.5 Combustion in Fluidized Beds

    10.6 Magnetohydrodynamic Generation of Electricity

    10.7 Effects of Coal Ash in Combustion Processes



    Chapter 11 Carbonization

    11.1 Low-Temperature Carbonization

    11.2 High-Temperature Carbonization

    11.3 Coal Tar Processing

    11.4 Flash Pyrolysis

    11.5 Plasma Pyrolysis

    11.6 Formed Coke



    Chapter 12 Gasification

    12.1 Gasification Reactions

    12.2 Early and Current Commercial Gasifiers

    12.3 Second-Generation Gasifiers

    12.4 Catalyzed Gasification

    12.5 Gas Shifting

    12.6 Gas Purification

    12.7 Carbon Monoxide-Hydrogen Reactions

    12.8 Hydrocarbon Synthesis from Carbon Monoxide and Steam

    12.9 Underground (In-Situ) Gasification



    Chapter 13 Liquefaction

    13.1 Bergius Hydrogenation

    13.2 "Second-Generation" Liquefaction Processes



    Chapter 14 Solvent Extraction

    14.1 Pott-Broche and Related Extraction Processes

    14.2 Solvent Refining of Coal

    14.3 Supercritical Gas Extraction


    Chapter 15 Environmental Aspects of Coal Utilization

    15.1 The Nature of Coal Pollutants

    15.2 Pollution Abatement Technologies




Product details

  • No. of pages: 359
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: July 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323138383

About the Author

N. Berkowitz

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