An Innovative Role of Biofiltration in Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs)

An Innovative Role of Biofiltration in Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs)

1st Edition - December 1, 2021

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  • Editors: Maulin Shah, Susana Rodriguez-Couto, Jayanta Biswas
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128239469
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128239476

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Description

Many physico-chemical and operational factors influence the performance, treatment costs and long-term stability of biofilters for the treatment of wastewater. An Innovative Role of Biofiltration in Wastewater Treatment Plants focuses on identifying the factors that affect biofiltration, such as the hydraulic retention time of the biofiltration system, the type and characteristics of the filter and the attached biomass, explains their influence and provides guidelines on how to control these factors to optimize better operation with respect to pollutant control present in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The fundamental basis of treatment in biofilters is the action of pollutant-degrading microorganisms and consequently the book also discusses in depth about the microbial ecology of biofiltration. In addition, it explores the applications of biofiltration including the removal of emerging pollutants.

Key Features

  • Describes the microbial ecology of biofiltration
  • Includes modeling of biofiltration
  • Describes the designing of biofilters, start-up, and monitoring
  • Discusses the mechanism of biofiltration
  • Describes the controlling and operational factors of biofiltration

Readership

Engineers, scientists who require an excellent introduction and basic knowledge to the principles of Environmental Bioremediation Technologies. Different professionals, mangers working or interested in the Environmental Microbiology or Bioremediation field

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • Chapter 1 Importance of biofilters in heavy metal removal: Fundamental to recent advances
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Biological methods for removal of heavy metals
  • 1.3 Maximum contaminant limit
  • 1.4 Biofiltration
  • 1.5 Biofiltration process
  • 1.6 Operational issues
  • 1.7 Future development
  • 1.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Biofiltration treatment of wastewater through microbial ecology
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Microbes involved in biofilters
  • 2.3 Significance of biofilms development
  • 2.4 Factors affecting the biofilms formation
  • 2.5 Role of biofilters in water and wastewater treatment
  • 2.6 Process and mechanism of biofiltration
  • 2.7 Characteristics of filter media used in biofiltration
  • 2.8 Types of biofilters
  • 2.9 Factor affecting the efficiency of biofiltration
  • 2.10 Advantages of biofiltration
  • 2.11 Molecular techniques for characterizing bacterial communities in biofilters
  • 2.12 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Removal of volatile organic compounds and heavy metals through the biological-based process
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Removal methods for volatile organic compounds
  • 3.3 Removal methods for heavy metals
  • 3.4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgement
  • Conflict of interest statement
  • Author contributions
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Arsenic removing prokaryotes as potential biofilters
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Arsenic toxicity
  • 4.3 Prokaryotic biofilters
  • 4.4 Mechanism of arsenic resistance and arsenic metabolism
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Vermifilter: A biofilter with earthworms for wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Wastewater treatment–the probable solution
  • 5.3 Nature-based solutions for wastewater treatment
  • 5.4 Vermifiltration technology
  • 5.5 Conclusions
  • Abbreviations
  • References
  • Chapter 6 Recent trends and future perspectives in applications of biofiltration
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 General mechanism of biofiltration as an abatement technology
  • 6.3 Wastewater treatment through biofiltration
  • 6.4 Gaseous pollutant removal through biofiltration
  • 6.5 Bio-based methods
  • 6.6 Removal of heavy metals from wastewater
  • 6.7 Biological-based methods for the removal of VOCs and heavy metals
  • 6.8 Application of biofiltration in industrial processes
  • 6.9 Advantages and disadvantages of biofiltration
  • 6.10 Upcoming paradigm in biofiltration
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Biofiltration techniques in the remediation of hazardous inorganic and organic contaminants
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Biofiltration process
  • 7.3 Inorganic heavy metals and environmental contamination
  • 7.4 Characteristics of different heavy metals
  • 7.5 Volatile organic compounds contamination in the environment
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Recent advances on the treatment of domestic wastewater by biological aerated filter
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Factors influencing the BAF performance
  • 8.3 Environmental applications of BAF
  • 8.4 BAF for domestic wastewater treatment
  • 8.5 Future prospects
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Biofiltration in wastewater treatment plants: An overview
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Biofiltration system
  • 9.3 Mechanism of biofiltration
  • 9.4 Types of biofiltration systems
  • 9.5 Application of biofiltration systems
  • 9.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Insights on broad spectrum applications and pertinence of biofiltration in various fields
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Historical perspective of biofilters
  • 10.3 Biofiltration: A promising and economical process over other methods of pollution control
  • 10.4 Process fundamentals and operation parameters of biofiltration
  • 10.5 Role of microorganisms and fungal growth in biofiltration
  • 10.6 Design of biofilters and operational features
  • 10.7 Online monitoring of process by intelligent control
  • 10.8 Successful application of biofiltration
  • 10.9 Emerging biofiltration techniques
  • 10.10 Challenges in biofiltration processes
  • 10.11 Future perspective with focus on novel applications
  • 10.12 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Effective utilization of biofiltration techniques for removal of pathogenic microorganisms from waste water treatment plants
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Microbial community diversity and composition in wastewater
  • 11.3 Negative impact of waterborne pathogens on human
  • 11.4 Waste water treatment
  • 11.5 Conclusion and future aspects
  • References
  • Chapter 12 Research and implementations of biofiltration for sustainable water treatment
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Basics of biofiltration processes
  • 12.3 Discussion on conventional and advanced biofiltration systems
  • 12.4 Biofilter design considerations
  • 12.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 13 Microbial ecology of biofiltration
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Difference between mechanical filter and biofilter
  • 13.3 Types of biofilter support media
  • 13.4 Role of microorganisms in the treatment of wastewater
  • 13.5 Aerobic bacteria
  • 13.6 Anaerobic bacteria
  • 13.7 Facultative bacteria
  • 13.8 Suspended or dispersed and attached biomass growth
  • 13.9 Mechanism: Fundamentals of biological process
  • 13.10 Factors affecting biofiltration
  • 13.11 Filter backwash
  • 13.12 Presence of oxidants
  • 13.13 Biofilter models
  • 13.14 Biofilter state variables parameters and their measurement
  • 13.15 Natural and constructed wetlands
  • 13.16 Slow sand filter
  • 13.17 Examples of removal of different waste material by biofiltration
  • 13.18 Removal mechanism of H2S
  • 13.19 Performance of biofilter
  • 13.20 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 14 Trends in biofiltration applied to remove pharmaceuticals and personal care products from wastewater
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in wastewater
  • 14.3 Biofilters structures in wastewater treatment
  • 14.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 15 Removal of volatile organic carbon and heavy metols through microbial approach
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Biological treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs)
  • 15.3 Removal of heavy metals using biological processes
  • 15.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 16 Pollutants removal from textile wastewater by biofilter
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 History of biofiltration
  • 16.3 Characteristics of textile wastewater
  • 16.4 Types of biofilters used for textile wastewater
  • 16.5 Mechanism of biofiltration
  • 16.6 Different media for biofiltration of textile wastewater
  • 16.7 Comparison of different filters for wastewater treatment
  • 16.8 Application of biofilters for color removal from textile wastewater
  • 16.9 Application of biofilters for VOCs removal from textile wastewater
  • 16.10 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 17 Biological based methods for the removal of volatile organic compounds and heavy metals
  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Volatile organic compounds: source, chemical property and toxicity
  • 17.3 Heavy metals: sources, chemical property and toxicity
  • 17.4 Biological techniques used for VOCs removal
  • 17.5 Biological techniques used for heavy metal removal
  • 17.6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Chapter 18 Recent development in membrane biofilm reactor (MBf  R): A critical review
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 MBf  R configuration
  • 18.3 Advantages of MBf  Rs
  • 18.4 Design
  • 18.5 Operation and maintenance
  • 18.6 Types of MBf  Rs
  • 18.7 Application of MBfRs
  • 18.8 Major challenges
  • 18.9 Future research
  • 18.10 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 19 A critical review on biofiltration for wastewater treatment: Focus on organic micropollutants
  • Abstract
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Wastewater treatment by biofiltration
  • 19.3 Removal of organic micropollutans from treated effluents by biofiltration
  • 19.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 20 Biofiltration: A modern technology for wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 Biofilter and biofiltration mechanism
  • 20.3 Factors affecting the process performance of biofiltration
  • 20.4 General biofilter problems
  • 20.5 Applications of biofiltration process
  • 20.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 21 Role of biofiltration in the treatment of sewage
  • Abstract
  • 21.1 Introduction
  • 21.2 Biofilter
  • 21.3 Throughput filtration
  • 21.4 Interfacial filtration
  • 21.5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 22 Occurrence and biological removal of VOCs and organic micropollutants
  • Abstract
  • 22.1 Introduction
  • 22.2 VOCs in wastewater—types, origin, health effects
  • 22.3 Micropollutants in wastewater
  • 22.4 Removal of VOCs and other micropollutants
  • 22.5 Microbiological methods of liquid phase purification
  • 22.6 Microbiological methods of gas phase purification
  • 22.7 Phytoremediation
  • 22.8 Hybrid treatment methods
  • References
  • Chapter 23 Biofiltration: An emerging and promising technology for the treatment of water and air pollutants
  • Abstract
  • 23.1 Introduction
  • 23.2 History of biofilter
  • 23.3 Biofiltration process
  • 23.4 Designing of a biofilter
  • 23.5 Applications of biofiltration process
  • 23.6 Biofiltration vs. other existing technologies
  • 23.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 24 Biofiltration as a green technology for abatement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs): A synoptic review
  • Abstract
  • 24.1 Introduction
  • 24.2 Mechanism of biofiltration
  • 24.3 Design of a biofilter
  • 24.4 Types of biofiltration process
  • 24.5 Operating factors in a biofilter
  • 24.6 Merits and demerits of biofiltration in treating VOCs
  • 24.7 Research gaps and future prospects
  • 24.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 526
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: December 1, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128239469
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128239476

About the Editors

Maulin Shah

Dr. Maulin P. Shah is Chief Scientist and Head of the Industrial Waste Water Research Lab, Division of Applied and Environmental Microbiology Lab at Enviro Technology Ltd., Ankleshwar, Gujarat, India. His work focuses on the impact of industrial pollution on the microbial diversity of wastewater following cultivation-dependent and cultivation-independent analysis. His major work involves isolation, screening, identification, and genetically engineering high-impact microbes for the degradation of hazardous materials. His research interests include biological wastewater treatment, environmental microbiology, biodegradation, bioremediation, and phytoremediation of environmental pollutants from industrial wastewaters. He has published more than 250 research papers in national and international journals of repute on various aspects of microbial biodegradation and bioremediation of environmental pollutants. He is the editor of more than 50 books of international repute (Elsevier, Springer, RSC, and CRC Press). He is an active editorial board member in top-rated journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Industrial Waste Water Research Laboratory, Division of Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Gujarat, India

Susana Rodriguez-Couto

Susana Rodríguez-Couto (female) got her B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Chemistry (Industrial Chemistry) from the University of Santiago de Compostela in 1992 and her Ph.D. in Chemistry in 1999 from the University of Vigo, obtaining the maximal grade (magna cum laude) and, in addition, she was awarded with the Extraordinary Prize for Doctoral Thesis in Chemistry. She worked as an Associate Professor and an Isidro Parga Pondal Senior Researcher at the University of Vigo (2000-2004), as a Ramón y Cajal Senior Researcher at Rovira i Virgili University (2004-2008) and as an Ikerbasque Research Professor (2009-2019). She has also worked as an Invited Researcher at the Institute from Environmental Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology (Austria) and at the Department of Biological Engineering, University of Minho (Portugal). In 2008, she received the I3 Professor from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education to the recognition of an outstanding research activity. In March 2021 she is joining LUT School of Engineering Science at Mikkeli, Finland, as a Full Professor in biological water treatment. She has published more than 140 articles in highly reputed international journals (h index 42). She is editor of several journals (3Biotech, Frontiers) and 14 Elsevier books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Full Professor (Biological Water Treatment), Department of Separation Science, LUT School of Engineering Science, LUT University, Finland

Jayanta Biswas

Prof. (Dr.) Jayanta Kumar Biswas is a Professor at Department of Ecological Studies and International Centre for Ecological Engineering, University of Kalyani, West Bengal, India. He obtained M.Sc. in Zoology, M.Phil. in Ecology and Ph.D. for his work on Eco technological management of aquatic systems. His spectrum of research interest and expertise span the following focal areas: ecotoxicology and bioremediation of toxic metal(loid)s; ecological engineering and eco technological remediation of water and soil contaminants; environmental microbiology; Nano biotechnology; dynamics of nutrients and toxic contaminants in water and soil; bio regenerative reclamation of wastewater. A consistent rank holder all through his academic career Professor Biswas received many scholarships, awards and fellowships including Fellow, West Bengal Academy of Science and Technology (FAScT), Fellow, National Environmentalists Association (FNEA), Zoological Society of India (FZSI), Zoological Society, Kolkata (FZS), Senior Scientist Award & Gold Medal (ZSI), Best Research Paper Award (AESA), Outstanding Reviewer Award (Chemosphere (Elsevier) & Environmental Geochemistry and Health (Springer); SRF (ICAR); National Merit Scholarship (MHRD, GoI), etc. He is credited with publishing 130 research papers in international and national journals. He is serving as editorial board member of several international journals of repute, namely Science of the Total Environment (Elsevier); Environmental Geochemistry and Health (Springer); Current Pollution Reports (Springer); Energy & Environment (SAGE). He visited several countries with government travel fellowships, to present research papers and chair scientific sessions in International conferences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Ecological Studies, International Centre for Ecological Engineering, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, West Bengal, India

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