An Economic Analysis of Crime and Justice - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126271805, 9781483272214

An Economic Analysis of Crime and Justice

1st Edition

Theory, Methods, and Applications

Authors: Peter Schmidt Ann D. Witte
Editors: Peter H. Rossi
eBook ISBN: 9781483272214
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st February 1984
Page Count: 430
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An Economic Analysis of Crime and Justice: Theory, Methods, and Applications presents the applications of economic theory and econometric methods to various problems in criminology. The book is divided into three parts. Part I discusses models of criminal recidivism. The second part tackles the economic model of crime. Part III estimates cost functions for prisons. Specific chapters in the book cover topics on statistical analysis of qualitative outcomes; analysis of two measures of criminal activity: the arrest rate and the conviction rate; and long-run estimate of cost function for a group of Federal Correctional Institutions. Economists, correctional administrators, and criminal justice professionals will find the book a great source of information and insight.

Table of Contents




1. Introduction


I. Statistical Analyses of Recidivism


2. Statistical Analysis of Qualitative Outcomes

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Least Squares with Dummy Variables

2.3. The Logit Model

2.4. The Polytomous Logit Model

2.5. Logit Models with Only Qualitative Regressors

2.6. Probit Models

2.7. Discriminant Analysis versus Logit Analysis


3. Logit Analysis of the Nature of Criminal Activity

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Data

3.3. Analysis of Seriousness of Criminal Activity

3.4. Further Results on Seriousness of Criminal Activity

3.5. Analysis of Type of Criminal Activity

3.6. Further Results on Type of Criminal Activity

3.7. Summary and Conclusions


4. Statistical Analysis of Censored or Truncated Outcomes

4.1. Introduction

4.2. The Truncated Normal Model

4.3. The Censored Normal (Tobit) Model

4.4. A Two-Part Tobit Model

4.5. Sample Selection Model

4.6. The Simultaneous Tobit Model

4.7. Summary

5. Tobit Analysis of the Total Length of Time Sentenced for Recidivist Offenses

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Analysis of the 1969 and 1971 Data

5.3. Analysis of the 1975 Data

5.4. Analysis of Subsamples of the 1975 Data

5.5. Summary and Conclusions


6. Statistical Analysis of Survival Times

6.1. Introduction

6.2. The Exponential Case

6.3. The Lognormal Case

6.4. Split Population Models

6.5. The Hazard Rate

6.6. Heterogenity versus State Dependence

6.7. The Proportional Hazards Model

6.8. Summary and Conclusions


7. Analysis of the Length of Time until Recidivism

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Analysis of the 1969 and 1971 Data

7.3. Analysis of the 1975 Data

7.4. Analysis of Subsamples of the 1975 Data

7.5. Summary and Conclusions


8. Use of Models of Recidivism for Program Evaluation

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Techniques for Program Evaluation

8.3. The Program and the Data

8.4. Evaluation Based on Length of Time Sentenced

8.5. Evaluation Based on Length of Time until Recidivism

8.6. Summary and Conclusions


II. Testing the Economic Model of Crime


9. Economic Models of Criminal Behavior

9.1. Introduction

9.2. The Theory of Consumer Demand and Labor Supply

9.3. Behavior toward Risk

9.4. A Simple Economic Model of Crime

9.5. A Simple Model of the Allocation of Time to Crime

9.6. Another Time Allocation Model

9.7. A More Complex Model of the Allocation of Time

9.8. A Survey of Economic Models of Crime

9.9. Summary and Conclusions

Appendix 9.1. Derivation of Comparative Static Results for the Model of Section 9.5

Appendix 9.2. Analysis of a Model in Which Time Enters the Utility Function


10. Estimating a Simple Economic Model of Criminal Behavior

10.1. Introduction

10.2. An Empirical Model of Criminal Activity

10.3. Estimates of a Model for All Criminal Behavior

10.4. Results for Specific Types of Offenses

10.5. Summary and Conclusions


11. Labor Markets for Prison Releasees

11.1. Introduction

11.2. An Empirical Model of Postrelease Labor Market Performance

11.3. Empirical Results for Wages after Release

11.4. Empirical Results for Work Stability

11.5. An Assessment of the Evidence on Postrelease Labor Market Performance

11.6. Summary and Conclusions

Appendix 11.1. Comparison of Studies of Labor Market Performance of Prison Releases


12. An Estimate of a Simultaneous Model of Criminal Behavior and Labor Market Success

12.1. Introduction

12.2. The Empirical Model

12.3. The Empirical Results

12.4. Summary and Conclusions


III. The Use of Production and Cost Theory in Criminal Justice Research


13. Modern Production and Cost Theory and Its Use in the Study of Production in Public Organizations

13.1. Introduction

13.2. The Basic Theory of Cost and Production

13.3. Some Extension of Cost and Production Theory

13.4. Adaptations of Simple Production and Cost Theory

13.5. Summary and Conclusions


14. A Model of Costs for Large-Scale Prisons

14.1. Introduction

14.2. The Relationship of the Prison System to Other Organizations

14.3. The Goals of Prison Systems

14.4. What Is the Productive Unit and What Does It Produce?

14.5. A Long-Run Cost Model for Large-Scale Prisons

14.6. A Short-Run Cost Model for Large-Scale Prisons

14.7. Summary and Conclusions

Notes 312

15. Short-Run Cost Functions for Large-Scale Prisons (with Pamela Reid)

15.1. Introduction

15.2. Empirical Results for Federal Prisons

15.3. Empirical Results for California Prisons

15.4. Policy Implications and Possible Uses of the Short-Run Results

15.5. Summary and Conclusions

Appendix 15.1. Determination of the Shape of the Average Cost Function for Two Specific Parametric Combinations


16. Long-Run Cost Functions for Federal Correctional Institutions (with William Trumbull and Diane Woodbury)

16.1. Introduction

16.2. The Data

16.3. Empirical Results

16.4. Summary and Conclusions


17. Summary and Conclusions

17.1. Introduction

17.2. Summary of Part I

17.3. Conclusions from Part I

17.4. Summary of Part II

17.5. Conclusions from Part II

17.6. Summary of Part III

17.7. Conclusions from Part III

17.8. General Conclusions

Appendix A. Description of the 1969 and 1971 North Carolina Department of Correction Data Set


Appendix B. Description of the 1975 Data Set


Appendix C. Description of Data Used to Estimate Cost Functions

C.l. The Data Available for the Federal Prison System

C.2. The Data Available for the California Prison System

C.3. Evaluation of the Data Bases 395





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© Academic Press 1984
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Peter Schmidt

Ann D. Witte

About the Editor

Peter H. Rossi