Allelopathy - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125870504, 9781483267845

Allelopathy

1st Edition

Authors: Elroy L. Rice
Editors: T. T. Kozlowski
eBook ISBN: 9781483267845
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1974
Page Count: 366
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Description

Allelopathy studies the various aspects of allelopathy, the direct or indirect harmful effect by one plant (including microorganisms) on another through the production of chemical compounds that escape into the environment.
Chapters presents discussions on topics on the history of research on allelopathy; roles of allelopathy in phytoplankton succession; evidence for chemical inhibition of nitrification by vegetation; roles of allelopathy in fire cycle in California annual grasslands; and the impact of allelopathy on horticulture and forestry. Botanists, horticulturists, biologists, and agriculturists will find the book a good reference book.

Table of Contents


Contents

Preface

1 Introduction

I. Meaning and Origin of Term Allelopathy

II. Suggested Terminology for Chemical Interactions between Plants of Different Levels of Complexity

2 Historical Account of Research on Allelopathy

I. Higher Plants versus Higher Plants

II. Higher Plants versus Microorganisms

III. Microorganisms versus Higher Plants

IV. Microorganisms versus Microorganisms

3 Roles of Allelopathy in Phytoplankton Succession

I. Introduction

II. Evidence for Importance of Allelopathy in Succession of Phytoplankton

4 Roles of Allelopathy in Old-Field Succession

I. Introduction and Old-Field Succession in Central Oklahoma and Southeast Kansas

II. Allelopathy and the Rapid Disappearance of the Pioneer Weed Stage

III. Allelopathy and the Slowing of Succession Starting with Stage 2

IV. General Conclusions

5 Inhibition of Nitrification by Vegetation; Increases during Succession and Pronounced Inhibition by Climax Ecosystems

I. General Evidence for Chemical Inhibition of Nitrification by Vegetation

II. Theoretical Basis for Selective Pressure against Nitrification

III. Specific Evidence for Increases in Inhibition of Nitrification during Succession and in Climax Ecosystems

IV. Conclusions

6 Roles of Allelopathy in Fire Cycle in California Annual Grasslands

I. General Discussion of Fire Cycle

II. Evidence for Role of Allelopathy

III. Conclusions

7 Roles of Allelopathy in Patterning of Vegetation and Creation of Bare Areas

I. Concepts of Patterning

II. Patterning due to Allelopathic Effects of Herbaceous Species

III. Patterning due to Allelopathic Effects of Woody Species

8 Allelopathy and the Prevention of Seed Decay before Germination

I. Direct Production of Microbial Inhibitors by Seed Plants

II. Production of Microbial Inhibitors in Seed Coats by Soil Microorganisms

III. Conclusions

9 Impact of Allelopathy on Agriculture

I. Production by Crop Plants of Substances Inhibitory to Other Crop Plants

II. Allelopathic Effects of Crop Residues on Crop Plants

III. Allelopathic Effects of Weeds on Crop Plants and Vice Versa

IV. Allelopathy versus Nitrogen Fixation

V. Allelopathy and Seed Germination of Crop Plants

VI. The Roles of Allelopathy in Plant Infection

VII. Related Phenomena That Are Not Strictly Allelopathic

10 Impact of Allelopathy on Horticulture and Forestry

I. Roles in Horticulture

II. Roles of Allelopathy in Forestry

11 Plant Parts that Contain Inhibitors and Ways in which Inhibitors Enter the Environment

I. Parts Known to Contain Inhibitors

II. Ways in Which Inhibitors Get Out of Plants

12 Chemical Nature of Inhibitors

I. Introduction

II. Types of Chemical Compounds Identified as Inhibitors

III. Unidentified Inhibitors

13 Mechanisms of Action of Inhibitors

I. Introduction

II. Mechanisms of Action

14 Factors Affecting Quantities of Inhibitors Produced by Plants

I. Introduction

II. Effects of Radiation

III. Mineral Deficiencies

IV. Water Stress

V. Temperature

VI. Allelopathic Agents

VII. Age of Plant Organs

VIII. Genetics

15 Interrelations of Allelopathy with Other Types of Chemical Interactions

I. Introduction

II. Chemical Interactions between Plants and Insects

III. Chemical Interaction between Plants and Animals

Other than Insects

Bibliography

Index

Details

No. of pages:
366
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1974
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483267845

About the Author

Elroy L. Rice

About the Editor

T. T. Kozlowski