Algal Biotechnology

Algal Biotechnology

Integrated Algal Engineering for Bioenergy, Bioremediation, and Biomedical Applications

1st Edition - April 26, 2022

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  • Editors: Ashfaq Ahmad, Fawzi Banat, Hanifa AlBlooshi
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323904766
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323904360

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Description

Algae Biotechnology: Integrated Algal Engineering for Bioenergy, Bioremediation, and Biomedical Applications covers key applications of algae for bioenergy and how to integrate the production of biofuels with environmental, nutraceutical and biomedical processes and products. The book emphasizes cost-effective biofuels production through integrated biorefinery, combining continuous processes and various algae as feedstock to produce biofuel, bioenergy and various high value biochemicals. Novel algal culturing technologies and bioprocess engineering techniques are provided for the optimization of operational approaches for commercial-scale production, as well as to reduce the overall costs. New and existing molecular methods for genetic and metabolic engineering of algae are also presented. Furthermore, methods for the optimization of existing biochemical pathways are explained, and new pathways are introduced, in order to maximize the potential for biofuels production and related nutraceutical and biomedical co-products. This book provides an ideal roadmap for bioenergy researchers and engineers who want to incorporate valuable nutraceutical and biomedical products and environmental practices into the production of biofuels.

Key Features

  • Addresses issues faced by the bioenergy sector and how to resolve them through the integration of algal biotechnology and engineering
  • Provides a guide to the efficient and cost-effective production of bioenergy, while simultaneously mitigating pollution and producing valuable nutraceutical and biomedical biproducts
  • Covers new and emerging approaches in integrated algal biotechnology
  • Offers a roadmap to their application in the production of biofuels alongside nutraceutical, biomedical, and environmental processes and products

Readership

Graduate students, researchers, and industry practitioners involved in bioenergy/renewable energy and biotechnology. Environmental Scientists, Food Scientists, Microbiologists, and Bioengineers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Part I: Environmental sector
  • Chapter 1: Algal engineering for bioremediation, bioenergy production, and biomedical applications
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Industrial wastewater treatment
  • 3: Algae for CO2 sequestration
  • 4: Bioenergy from algae
  • 5: Biomedical applications
  • 6: Conclusion and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Microalgae biotechnology for bioremediation applications
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Microalgae
  • 3: Bioremediation using microalgae
  • 4: Industrial wastewater
  • 5: Antibiotic and hormone
  • 6: Heavy metal
  • 7: Pesticide
  • 8: Integrated CO2 biosequestration bioremediation and biorefinery
  • 9: Conclusions and future prospective
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Bioremediation of wastewater using algae for potential renewable bioenergy cogeneration
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Algae classification
  • 3: Bioremediation of wastewater using algae
  • 4: Bioenergy cogeneration using algal biomass
  • 5: Algal practicality and limitations
  • 6: Conclusions and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Microalgae for bioremediation of pesticides: Overview, challenges, and future trends
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Contamination by pesticides
  • 3: Environmental fate of pesticides
  • 4: Bioremediation of pesticides by microalgae
  • 5: Main factors involved in the bioremediation of pesticides by microalgae
  • 6: Techniques used to increase pesticide removal from water
  • 7: Challenges and future trends
  • 8: Conclusions and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Algae harvesting: Application of natural coagulants
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Coagulation/flocculation mechanisms
  • 3: Organic coagulants
  • 4: Harvested biomass
  • 5: Conclusions and future perspective
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Microalgae cultivation in wastewater from agro-industries: An approach integrated for bioremediation and biomass production
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Wastewater and nutrient's recovery
  • 3: Potential microalgae to grow in effluents
  • 4: Microalgae biomass from wastewater
  • 5: Application of microalgal biomass in the agricultural activities
  • 6: Challenges in reducing wastewater treatment costs
  • 7: Conclusions and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Microalgae-based systems applied to the dual purpose of waste bioremediation and bioenergy production
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Sources of waste
  • 3: Technologies for waste treatment
  • 4: Bioremediation potential of microalgae
  • 5: Bioenergy technologies and applications
  • 6: Future perspectives and conclusion
  • References
  • Part II: Bioenergy sector
  • Chapter 8: Direct utilization of lipid and starch from wet microalgae (Chlorella vulgaris)
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Utilization of lipid
  • 3: Utilization of carbohydrate
  • 4: Comprehensive utilization of lipid and starch
  • 5: Conclusions and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 9: Algae: An emerging feedstock for biofuels production
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Types of algal biomass for biofuel production
  • 3: Algal cultivation and biomass production
  • 4: Biomass harvesting and dewatering
  • 5: Lipid extraction and biofuel production
  • 6: Techno-economic analysis of algal biofuel production
  • 7: Prospects and challenges
  • 8: Conclusions and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 10: Microalgal biofuels: A sustainable pathway for renewable energy
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Biofuels
  • 3: Technologies for microalgae cultivation
  • 4: Harvesting methods for microalgae
  • 5: Conversion technologies of biomass into biofuels
  • 6: Potential bioenergy products of microalgae
  • 7: Advantages of algal biofuels
  • 8: Environment and sustainable perspective
  • 9: Challenges of algal biofuels and future outlook
  • 10: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 11: Thermal treatment kinetics of microalgae for energy production
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Chemical composition of microalgae
  • 3: Thermo-chemical conversion
  • 4: Basic formulas and models of kinetics
  • 5: Isoconversional method
  • 6: Model-fitting method
  • 7: DAEM
  • 8: Conclusion and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 12: Microalgae: The challenges from harvest to the thermal gasification
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Microalgae thermochemical characteristics
  • 3: Gasification of microalgae from WWTP
  • 4: Conclusions and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 13: Harnessing the potential of microalgal species Dunaliella: A biofuel and biocommodities perspective
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Selection of elite strain and improvement
  • 3: Prerequisite: Optimal growth conditions
  • 4: Downstream process
  • 5: Metabolites production and their applications
  • 6: Challenges and integrated biorefinery approach
  • 7: Conclusion and future scope
  • References
  • Part III: Biomedical sector
  • Chapter 14: Algae cultivation for biomedical applications: Current scenario and future direction
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Considerations for choosing an algal strain
  • 3: Physicochemical conditions in algae growth
  • 4: Culturing of algae
  • 5: Algae harvesting
  • 6: Extraction and purification of high-value based metabolites
  • 7: Biomedical applications of algal extracts: An integrated approach
  • 8: Future direction and challenges
  • 9: Conclusion and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 15: Biochemical profiling, transcriptomic analysis, and biotechnological potential of native microalgae from the Peruvian Amazon
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Sampling, isolation, purification, and culture of native microalgae cells
  • 3: Morphological and molecular identification
  • 4: Biochemical profiling
  • 5: De novo transcriptomic analysis
  • 6: Biotechnological potential
  • 7: Conclusions and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 16: Algae in medicine and human health
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Bioprocess of seaweed polysaccharides
  • 3: Conclusions and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 17: Microalgae biotechnology: Emerging biomedical applications
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Research findings from great microalgae studies
  • 3: How algae can help solve some of the world's most severe health problems
  • 4: Conclusions and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 18: Potential applications of the low-molecular-weight metabolome of Synechocystis aquatilis Sauvageau, 1892 (Cyanophyceae: Merismopediaceae)
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Material and methods
  • 3: Component composition of low-molecular-weight metabolome of S. aquatilis Sauvageau, 1892
  • 4: Prospects for the use of metabolites of S. aquatilis
  • 5: Conclusion and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 19: Microalgae potentials as bioactive phytochemicals for human's health: Novel highlights on their production, applications, and emerging analytical technologies
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: General applications of microalgae in biotechnology field
  • 3: Microalgae healthy macromolecules and phytochemicals
  • 4: Microalgae as source of bioactive and novel macro- and micro-molecules
  • 5: Methods for identification of microalgae macromolecules
  • 6: Conclusion and future remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 20: Microalgae carotenoids: An overview of biomedical applications
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Microalgae-based carotenoids production
  • 3: Chemical structure and relationship of structure-biological activity
  • 4: Biomedical application
  • 5: Challenges and future research
  • 6: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 21: Diatomite-based nanoparticles: Fabrication strategies for medical applications
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Fabrication and surface modifications of DNPs
  • 3: Biocompatibility and uptake of DNPs in vitro and in vivo systems
  • 4: Drug loading and release from DNPs
  • 5: Conclusions and future trends
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 468
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: April 26, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323904766
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323904360

About the Editors

Ashfaq Ahmad

Dr. Ashfaq Ahmad is a postdoctoral research fellow at Khalifa University in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE). He holds a Bachelor of Science (Honors) in Biotechnology from Pakistan's Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology (SUIT). He received a gold medal for securing the top position in his Bachelor's degree. In October 2013, he earned a Master's degree in Chemical Engineering from Malaysia's Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP). In May 2018, he received a Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from Malaysia's Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP). He worked as a graduate teaching assistant and researcher at UTP during his MSc and PhD studies. His research interests include algal biotechnology for bioenergy, environmental remediation, and the production of high-value biochemicals. His scientific opinion is constantly sought by various journals editors, as evidenced by his active participation in more than 35 reputable journal as their trusted reviewer. He has authored or co-authored several book chapters. He serves as a peer reviewer for over 20 scientific journal.

Affiliations and Expertise

Postdoctoral research fellow, Department of Chemical Engineering, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia

Fawzi Banat

Dr. Fawzi Banat is a Professor and the Department Chair of Chemical Engineering at Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. He received his Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from McGill University (Canada) in 1995. His research focuses on separation processes including membrane separations, desalination and wastewater treatment. Dr. Banat is the author of more than 200 academic papers, five patents, and six book chapters. He has delivered over 100 oral presentations at national and international conferences. He has participated (PI/co-PI) in various national and international projects funded by different institutions (European Union, Gas Research Center/ADNOC, Abu Dhabi Education Council (ADEC), The Petroleum Institute, Khalifa University). Dr. Banat has received numerous honors and awards for research including Khalifa Award for Education/Distinguished University Professor in the Field of Scientific Research (2014) and Shoman Award for Young Arab Researchers (2000). He was listed among the Leading Scientists and Engineers of Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Member States (CMOSTECH 2008). He has held several administrative positions at different universities including Department Chair, Dean of Research, Dean of Graduate Studies and Acting Dean of Natural Resources Engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor in chemical engineering and the chairman, Department of Chemical Engineering, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada

Hanifa AlBlooshi

Dr. Hanifa AlBlooshi earned her PhD in Chemical Engineering from the UAE University in June 2014. Her PhD and MSc research work both focused on the enzymatic production of biodiesel from lipids extracted from different feed stock using supercritical carbon dioxide, and developing and integrated production process. During her MSc and PhD studies, Dr. AlBlooshi was appointed as a graduate teaching assistant and researcher, respectively, at UAE University. In addition, she was a visiting scholar at the Virginia Commonwealth University, Virginia, USA, during that time. In March 2014, Dr. AlBlooshi joined Masdar Institute (now Khalifa University) as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering. Dr. AlBlooshi has reviewed a number of research articles submitted for publication to international journals including Biomass and Bioenergy, Fuel, the Journal of Supercritical Fluids, and other waste management journals. In addition, she was a member in the organizing committees of several events organized by UAE University, including the Renewable Energy Conference in 2010 and 2012 and the Future UAE Energy and Environment Leaders’ Competitions in 2013 and 2014.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemical Engineering, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates

Ratings and Reviews

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  • Ishfaq Fri Apr 22 2022

    Highly recommended for biotechnologists and chemical engineers

    This book is a highly valuable and indispensable resource for all biotechnologists and chemical engineers working in the fields of microalgae for bioenergy, wastewater treatment, and high-value bioproducts for biomedicine.

  • Hina Z. Fri Apr 22 2022

    An excellent resource for biotechnologists and chemical engineers who work in the fields of microalg

    An excellent resource for biotechnologists and chemical engineers who work in the fields of microalgae for bioenergy, wastewater treatment, and high-value bioproduction