Air Pollution by Nitrogen Oxides - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444421272, 9780080874807

Air Pollution by Nitrogen Oxides, Volume 21

1st Edition

Editors: L. Grant T. Schneider
eBook ISBN: 9780080874807
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 1st January 1982
Page Count: 1125
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Table of Contents


Foreword

Opening Address

Keynote Address

Session I The NOx Environmental Problem

The Global NOx Cycle

Atmospheric Physical Processes

Ecological Effects Associated with NOx, Especially on Plants and Vegetation

The Role of NOx as a Precursor of Acidic Deposition

Health Effects Associated with Nitrogen Oxides

Discussion

Session II.a Basics of NOx Formation and Inventories of Sources

Chemical and Physical Aspects of NOx Formation

Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Motor Vehicles

Emission Inventory for Stationary NOx Sources

Methodology of a General Emission Inventory in The Netherlands and some Results with Respect to NOx

North American NOx Emission Inventories for Long Range Transport Model Evaluation

Discussion

Session II.b Monitoring Strategies and Exposure Assessment

Monitoring Strategies and Exposure Assessment for NOx

An Introduction to the Subject

Monitoring Strategies in the United States

Monitoring Strategies in Japan

Monitoring Strategy in The Netherlands

Indoor NOx Pollution

HarmoniZation of Methods of Ambient NOx Measurement in the European Economic Community

Discussion

Session II.c Transport, Transformation and Removal of NOx

Physical Transport or the Problem how to Model Air Pollution

Chemical Transformation Processes for NOx Species in the Atmosphere

Dry Deposition of NOx

Wet Deposition of NOx

Observations and Modeling of NOx in an Urban Area

Urban Scale Mathematical Model for Pollutants in a European City

A Computer Modeling Study of the Relationship Between Urban Exposure to Nitrogen Dioxide and Motor Vehicle Exhaust Emissions during the Summer Months

Modeling of Mesoscale Transport of NOx and NO2 Concentration Levels and Source Contributions

A Lagrangian Long Range Transport Model with Atmospheric Boundary Layer Chemistry

Recent Canada-USA Transboundary Air Pollution Studies

Summary

Discussion

Session III.a Health Effects of NOx

Pulmonary Dosimetry of Nitrogen Dioxide in Animals and Man

Changes in Bronchial Reactivity of Asthmatics and Normals Following Exposures to 0.1 ppm NO2

Non-Respiratory Function of the Lungs: Host Defenses Against Infection

Non-Respiratory Functions of the Lung: Pharmacological Effects

Comparison of the Dose/Effect Relationship Between NO2 and Other Pollutants Comparison of Biological Effects of NCL, CL and Combinations of Both Oxidants

Nonrespiratory Function of the Lung: Biochemical Aspects

Correlation Between Morphological and Bio-Chemical Alterations in the Rat Lung Exposed to Nitrogen Dioxide

Influence of Nitrogen Dioxide on Xenobiotic Metabolism in Animals

Effects of Nitrogen Dioxide on Pulmonary Function in Normal Healthy Humans and Subjects with Asthma and Chronic Bronchitis

Discussion

Session III.b Ecological and Biological Effects

Introduction

Influence of Oxides of Nitrogen on Crop Growth and Yield: An Overview

Effects of Nitrogen Oxides on Plants: Two Case Studies

The Effect of NO2 and SO2 Alone and in Combination on the Productivity of Field-Grown Soybeans

Effects of Nitrogen Dioxide in Combination with Sulfur Dioxide and Ozone on Selected Crops

Effects of Acid Atmospheric Deposition on Ecosystems in The Netherlands

Survey of Acidification on Scandinavian Freshwater Systems; Water Chemistry of (Airborne) NOx

Effects from Acid Rain on Fish

Effects of Acidic Precipitation on the North American Continent

Discussion

General Discussion

Session IV.a Stationary Source NOx Control Technology

Recent IFRF Studies upon the Reduction of NOx and S02 Emissions from Pulverized Coal Flames Using Staged Mixing Burners

Field Evaluation of NOx Control Technology for Utility Boilers in The Netherlands

State-of-the-Art Combustion Modification NOx Control for Stationary Combustion Equipment

Experience with Full Scale Staged Mixing Burners for NOx Reduction from a 700 MWe Power Station and Considerations Upon their Application for In-Flame Desulfurization

Nitrogen Oxides from Nitric Acid Production

NOx Control Technology in Nitric Acid Production Plants

Review of Japanese NOx Control Technology for Stationary Sources

The Hitachi Zosen NOx Removal Process for Fossil Fueled Boilers

EXXON Thermal DeNOx Process for Stationary Combustion Sources

Stationary Source NOx Control Technology Overview

Discussion

Session IV.b Mobile Source NOx Control Technology

Mobile Source NOx Control Techniques

The Influence of the Testcycle on Passenger Car NOx Control

Influence of Testcycles on NOx Emissions

Brake Efficiency and NOx Emission of the Spark Ignition Engine

High Compression Lean Burn Engines for Improved Fuel Economy and Lower NOx Emissions

Low NOx with Better Fuel Economy by Nissan NAPS-Z Fast Burn Engine (Nissan Motor Co.Ltd)

Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Gasoline Engines

Catalytic Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Motor Vehicles

NOx Control of Heavy-Duty Truck Diesel Engines; the PRIOMO Program of DAF Trucks

Diesel NOx Control

Motor Vehicle NOx - The Canadian Situation

Discussion

Session V Policy on NOx Control and its Implementation

Policy on NOx Control and its Implementation Opening Remarks

An Air Quality Management System as a Tool for Establishing a NOx Policy

Japan's Ambient Air Quality Standards for NO2 and its Scientific Database

Industry's View of NOx Control Policy and its Implementation

Industry Views on NOx Control Policy

NOx Abatement Policy in The Netherlands

United States NOx Policy

NOx Control Policy in the Federal Republic of Germany

NOx Policy in Sweden

Nitrogen Oxides control Policy; Development and Implementation at the State Level

Introduction to the Panel Discussion

Panel Discussion

Organization

List of Participants

Papers received late: General Aspects of the Planning of Air Quality Monitoring (Belonging to Session II.b)

Advanced Combustion Modification (Belonging to Session IV.a)

Subject Index

Description

Studies in Environmental Science, Volume 21: Air Pollution by Nitrogen Oxides presents the proceedings of the US–Dutch International Symposium on Nitrogen Oxide, held in Maastricht, The Netherlands on May 24–28, 1982. This book provides research and development information related to the national and international policies on nitrogen oxides in the United States, The Netherland, Japan, and elsewhere in Europe.

Organized into five sessions encompassing 94 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the atmospheric cycle of nitrogen oxide in terms of source strength, destruction rates, and atmospheric chemistry. This text then examines the fundamental physical and chemical processes involved in the formation of nitrogen oxides. Other chapters consider the regional pulmonary deposition of nitrogen dioxide in man, guinea pigs, rats, and rabbits by using a general mathematical model formulation for the transport of gases in the lungs. This book discusses as well the emission control methods and systems with low nitrogen oxide capability for possible application in The Netherlands and other parts of Europe.

This book is a valuable resource for government administrative officials, research scientists, air pollution control experts, and students.


Details

No. of pages:
1125
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080874807

About the Editors

L. Grant Editor

T. Schneider Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

RIVM, Postbus 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands The National Institute of Public Health, The Netherlands