Agro-Ecosystem Diversity - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128110508

Agro-Ecosystem Diversity

1st Edition

Reconciling Contemporary Agriculture and Environment Quality

Editors: Gilles Lemaire Paulo Carvalho Scott Kronberg Sylvie Recous
Paperback ISBN: 9780128110508
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st June 2018
Page Count: 312
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Description

Agro-Ecosystem Diversity: Impact on Food Security and Environmental Quality is a cutting-edge exploration of developing novel farming systems and introducing landscape ecology to agronomy. It encompasses the broad range of links between agricultural development and ecological impact, and how to limit the potential negative results. Most of the environmental impacts of modern agriculture are due more to a too high level of simplification/homogeneity of agriculture systems at fields, farm, landscape and region level than to a too high level of intensification of production.With the objective of showing that "within and among" is a continuum within Agro-Ecosystem diversity the book presents analysis with the same unique approach and basic principles.

Presented in seven sections, each focusing on a specific challenge to sustaining diversity, the book provides insights toward the argument that that by re-introducing diversity, it should be possible to maintain a high level of productivity of agro-ecosystems while a satisfactory level of environment quality and biodiversity can be maintained or restored.

Key Features

  • Analyzes biodiversity as a final goal with a conservation objective and as a mean for a better regulation of biogeochemical cycling with a functional perspective
  • Demonstrates that diversified agro-ecosystems are able to be intensified while environmental quality can be preserved or restored and biodiversity can be enhanced
  • Includes analysis of economic constraints leading to specialization of farms and regions and the social locking forces resisting to diversification of agro-ecosystems
  • Presents a global vision of world agriculture facing the trade-off between the necessary increase in food production for feeding increasing human population and the necessity of restoring environment quality

Readership

Graduate students, academics and researchers working to mitigate environmental impact while ensuring optimal agricultural output for food security purposes

Table of Contents

1. C-N-P cycles in agro-ecosystems and impacts on environment
2. Increasing diversity within agro-ecosystem for reducing environmental emissions
3. Heterogeneity within and among agro-ecosystems and dynamics of biodiversity
4. Diversified agro-ecosystem at farm level for more sustainable agriculture production?
5. Socio-economic opportunities for and locking effects against diversification of agro-ecosystems
6. Diversification beyond the farm at landscape and regional level
7. Global aspects

Details

No. of pages:
312
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2018
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:
9780128110508

About the Editor

Gilles Lemaire

Dr Gilles LEMAIRE has had a 40 year research career at INRA Center in Lusignan devoted to ecophysiology of grasslands and forage crops, grazing ecology and plant-herbivore interactions. He directed the Research Unit “Forage and Grassland Ecophysiology” at INRA Lusignan (1986-1992). He was deputy director of Department Environment & Agronomy of INRA (1993-2002). He retired from INRA in 2009. He had a position of visiting professor at University of Porto-Alegre (Brazil) in 2011-2012. He has been elected as member of Academy of Agriculture of France in 2011.

Affiliations and Expertise

Honorary Director of Research, INRA Lusignan, France Doctor ès Science, University of Caen, France

Paulo Carvalho

Paulo holds a doctorate in Animal Science from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP). His thesis was carried out at INRA-FR and investigated diet selection by grazing animals. He is Professor Titular at the Faculty of Agronomy of UFRGS, since 1997. He was Visiting Scientist at FAO for the theme of integrated crop-livestock systems (ICLS), and Coordinator of the Animal Science Advisory Committee of the National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq), member of the Committee on Low Carbon Agriculture, of the Advisory Council of Alianza del Pastizal/BirdLife International. He is Vice-President of the Brazilian Society of Animal Production. He holds a level 1A research productivity grant from CNPq; leader of the Grazing Ecology Research Group. He is author of 180 peer-reviewed papers, 81 book chapters, and edited 8 books. His papers have 1370 citations on Web of Science and Scopus, H factor 15 e 16, respectively, and 2439 citations and h-index 25 on Google Scholar. He scores 36.69 on Research Gate. He was Guest Editor on 4 international journals. His research approach is focused on the management and functioning of pastoral ecosystems, and ICLS. He leads the Coordination of PISA Extension Program reaching ~1050 small stakeholders in Brazil, and currently coordinates the UFRGS Postgraduate Course in Animal Science.

Affiliations and Expertise

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil

Scott Kronberg

Scott Kronberg has been conducting research on nutrition and feeding behavior of grazing livestock for about 25 years and plans to continue his research in ruminant nutrition and feeding behavior in respect to improving the nutritional value of red meat, reducing winter feeding costs for cows, and helping develop integrated crop and livestock production systems that are more economically and environmentally sustainable. Scott is a member of the American Society of Animal Science, the American Society of Agronomy, and the Ecological Society of America.

Affiliations and Expertise

USDA-ARS

Sylvie Recous

Professional employment

Since 2008- Directrice de recherche, INRA Reims (UMR FARE)

1999-2000- Invited visiting scientist at CSIRO, Division Plant Industry, Perth (Australie)

1988-2007- Research scientist, INRA Laon - Head of the laboratory (2002-2007)

Affiliations and Expertise

INRA