Aging Process of Population - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080104027, 9781483156668

Aging Process of Population

1st Edition

Authors: Edward Rosset
eBook ISBN: 9781483156668
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1964
Page Count: 490
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Aging Process of Population investigates and analyzes the phenomenon of population aging. The text aims to provide a quantitative and qualitative analyses of structural transformations caused by the aging population on modern societies in various parts of the world. The book is organized into four parts. The first part deals with problems in methodologies, such as methods to measure demographic old age; hypothetical and perspective computation tools; and deficient methodological uniformity of source materials. The second part discusses the beginning of old age; analysis of life tables; and the method of computing the normal length of life. Population structure by age in different time periods; dynamics of the changes in the age composition of populations in seven select countries; and the problem of dependency of non-productive elements on the population of productive age are examined in Part III. The last part provides the effect of fertility, reduction of mortality, migration, and war in the determination of the age structure of populations. Demographers, sociologists, statisticians, economists, politicians, market researchers, ecologists, and students will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


Part I Methodological Problems


Chapter 1. Measures of Old Age

1. The Coefficient of Old Age

2. Other Conceptions of Measures of Old Age

3. Auxiliary Characteristics of Age Structure


Chapter 2. Hypothetical and Perspective Calculations as a Tool to Analyze Changes in the Age Structure of the Population

1. Purely Hypothetical Computations

2. Demographic Forecasts


Chapter 3. Different Types of Age Structures


Chapter 4. Deficiencies and Lack of Methodological Uniformity of Source Materials and the Resulting Difficulties in Comparative Analysis

1. Deficiencies in Age Statistics

2. Range and Level of the Statistical Civilization

3. Variety of Organization and Methodology of Population Censuses

4. The Value of Census Materials concerning the Age of the Population

5. Soundings and Surveys in Place of Population Censuses


Part II Old Age and the Frequency of Surviving to this Age

Chapter 5. The Beginning of Old Age

1. Introduction

2. The Ancient Chinese Classification

3. The Classification of Pythagoras

4. The Classification of Hippocrates

5. The Classification of Flourens

6. The Classification of Rubner

7. The Classification of Aschoff

8. The Classification of English Physiologists

9. The Classification of German Anthropologists

10. The Classification of Bochenek

11. Views of Soviet Gerontologists

12. Summary

13. The Classification of Farr

14. The Classification of American Physicians

15. Classifications Used in Statistical Practice and Their Variants

16. Conclusions


Chapter 6. The Historical Development of the Number of Persons Surviving to Old Age

1. Introduction

2. Prehistoric and Early Historical Times

3. The Middle Ages

4. Order of Dying in the Light of the First Life Tables

5. The Situation in the 18th Century

6. Increase in the Number of Persons surviving to Old Age in the 19th Century

7. Before the First World War

8. The Situation between the Two World Wars

9. After the Second World War

10. Demographic Forecasts


Chapter 7. The Normal Length of Human Life

1. Method of Computing Normal Length of Life

2. Evolution of Normal Duration of Life

3. Number of Deaths at Normal Age


Part III Population Aging Trends

Chapter 8. Population Structure by Age in Different Time Periods

1. The Earliest Period (about 1850)

2. The Years 1861-75

3. At the Turn of the Century

4. Before the First World War

5. Before the Second World War

6. After the Second World War

7. Most Recent Statistical Data of the U.N

8. Conclusions


Chapter 9. The Evolution of the Age Structure of the Population in Some Countries

1. The Evolution in the Age Structure of the French Population

2. The Evolution in the Age Structure of the British Population

3. The Evolution in the Age Structure of the Swedish Population

4. The Evolution in the Age Structure of the Belgian Population

5. The Evolution in the Age Structure of the Dutch Population

6. The Evolution in the Age Structure of the Polish Population

7. The Evolution in the Age Structure of the Australian Population

8. The Evolution in the Age Structure of the Philippine Population

9. The Evolution in the Age Structure of the Ceylonese Population

10. The Evolution in the Age Structure of the Argentine Population

11. The Evolution in the Age Structure of the Brazilian Population


Chapter 10. Prospects for the Aging Process in the Light of Demographic Forecasts

1. General Remarks

2. Burgdorferi Forecast for Germany

3. Demographic Forecasts for the Federal German Republic

4. Demographic Forecasts for Austria

5. Demographic Forecasts for France

6. Demographic Forecasts for the British Population

7. Demographic Forecasts for Switzerland

8. Demographic Forecasts for Spain

9. European Forecasts of the O.E.E.C.

10. Forecasts for the United States

11. Demographic Forecasts for Central America (Including Mexico)

12. Conclusions


Chapter 11. Aging of the Population in the Productive Age

1. Introductory Remarks

2. The Present Level of Aging of the Productive Population

3. Aging of the Productive Population in Certain Countries

4. The Economic and Social Aspects of the Aging of the Population of Productive Age

5. Conclusions


Chapter 12. The Dependency of Non-Productive Elements of Society

1. Introductory Remarks

2. Methodological Problems

3. The Dependency of Non-productive Elements in Five People's Democracies

4. Dependency in the Countries of Western Europe

5. Ratios of Dependency for a Cross-section of the World

6. Concluding Remarks


Part IV Factors in the Aging of Societies


Chapter 13. The Evolution of the Number of Births and its Effect on the Aging of Populations

1. General Remarks

2. The Effects of a Decline in Births on the Aging Process of Populations in the Light of Hypothetical Demographic Computations

3. The "Demographic Revolution"

4. The Demographic Depression

5. Zones of High Fertility

6. A New Trend in Human Reproduction. The Process of Increasing Births

7. Evolution of Births on Polish Territories


Chapter 14. Mortality and the Aging of Populations

1 . Preliminary Remarks

2. The Role of Mortality in the Aging Process

3. The Decline in Mortality—Its Beginning and Causes

4. The Lowest Mortality Rates in the World

5. Mortality in Relation to Age

6. Infant Mortality in a Cross-section of the World

7. Adult Mortality

8. Mortality of the Aged

9. Causes of Death


Chapter 15. Migration as a Factor in the Aging of Populations

1. General Remarks

2. External Migrations

3. Internal Migrations

4. Population Structure of Urban and Rural Areas according to Age

5. Final Remarks and Conclusions


Chapter 16. War as a Population Aging Factor

1. Preliminary Remarks

2. The Demographic Effects of the First World War (1914-18)

3. The Demographic Effects of the Second World War (1939-1945)

4. Conclusions



Selected Bibliography

1. Demography

2. Aging of Population

3. Gerontology, Hygiene, Eugenics, etc


Name Index

Geographical Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Pergamon 1964
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Edward Rosset