PART I: Traditional Information Processing Approaches. 1. Why latent models are needed to test hypotheses about the slowing of word and language processes in older adults (D.L. Fisher et al.). 2. Visual word encoding and the effect of adult age and word frequency (P.A. Allen et al.). 3. Age differences in orthographic and frequency neighborhoods (L.M. Stadtlander). 4. Aging and language performance: From isolated words to multiple sentence contexts (G. Kellas et al.). 5. Semantic processes in implicit memory: Aging and meaning (D.B. Mitchell). 6. Evidence for task specificity in age-related slowing: A review of speeded picture-word processing studies (P.C. Amrhein). 7. Aging and the distribution of resources in working memory (E.A.L. Stine). PART II: Neuropsychological Approaches. 8. Neuropsychological implications of word recognition deficits (M.B. Patterson, D.N. Ripich). 9. Stimulus encoding in Alzheimer's disease: A multichannel view (G.C. Gilmore). 10. Aging, Alzheimer's disease, and word recognition: A review of the recent literature (F.R. Ferraro). 11. Semantic priming in Alzheimer's disease: Meta-analysis and theoretical evaluation (B.A. Ober, G.K. Shenaut). 12. Indirect memory tests in Alzheimer's disease (M. Hartman, M.L. Pirnot). PART III: Psychophysiological Approaches. 13. Using event-related brain potentials to draw inferences about human information processing (K.R. Ridderinkhof, T.R. Bashore). 14. Do the waves begin to waver? ERP studies of language processing in the elderly (J.W. King, M. Kutas). 15. Memory and aging: An event-related brain potential perspective (D. Friedman, M. Fabriani). 16. Do general slowing functions mask local slowing effects? A chronopsychophysiological perspective (T.R. Bashore, F. Smulders). Author index. Subject index.