Aerosols

Aerosols

An Industrial and environmental science

1st Edition - June 7, 1984

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  • Author: George Hidy
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142519

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Description

Aerosols: An Industrial and Environmental Science is a comprehensive account of the science and technology of aerosols as well as their aerodynamic and physico-chemical properties. Measurement techniques and results are presented in terms of a framework of classical mechanics and macroscopic chemistry. This book is comprised of 10 chapters and begins with a discussion on the foundations of modern aerosol science and technology, followed by a review of the dynamic theory of aerosols as rigid spheres. The production of particle suspensions, the methods of particle sampling and measurement, and physical or chemical characterization are then considered, along with particle diffusion by Brownian motion, particle formation and growth, and coagulation processes. The formation of particle clouds is described by means of molecular agglomeration (condensation) processes, breakup and disintegration, and chemical reactions. The remaining chapters focus on several major applications of aerosol science in areas such as combustion, agriculture, and medicine. This monograph is intended to serve scientists and engineers who are concerned with the underlying principles of aerodynamic and physical chemical behavior of aerosols, and could also be used as a text for graduate students in specialized courses on aerosol or colloid chemistry, atmospheric processes, and chemical, mechanical, or environmental engineering.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Nomenclature

    Chapter 1 Introduction

    1.1 Classification and Definitions

    1.2 Fundamental and Practical Applications

    1.3 Scope and Organization of This Book

    References

    Chapter 2 The Dynamics of Small Particles

    2.1 Transport in Steady Rectilinear Motion

    2.2 Accelerated Motion of Particles—Deposition Processes

    2.3 Diffusion and Brownian Motion

    2.4 Deposition in a Turbulent Fluid Medium

    References

    Chapter 3 Particle Clouds—the Size Distribution Function

    3.1 Particle Size Distributions

    3.2 Dynamics of Particle Distributions

    3.3 Nucleation and Growth by Condensation

    3.4 Coagulation Processes

    3.5 Solutions for the General Dynamic Equation (GDE)

    References

    Chapter 4 Generation of Particulate Clouds

    4.1 Particle Formation from Supersaturated Vapors

    4.2 Disintegration of Liquids

    4.3 Aerosols by Dispersal of Powders

    References

    Chapter 5 Measurement of Aerosol Properties

    5.1 Sampling Design

    5.2 Electrical Charging and the Mobility Analyzer

    5.3 Light Interactions and the Optical Particle Counter

    5.4 Hybrid Continuous Size Analyzers

    5.5 Moments of the Size Distribution and Related Measurements

    5.6 Measurement of Particulate Mass Concentration

    5.7 Size Separation and Collection by Particle Forces

    5.8 Chemical Characterization

    References

    Chapter 6 Applications to Technology

    6.1 Particle Dispersal for Consumer Products

    6.2 Agricultural or Pest Control Spraying and Dusting

    6.3 Controlled Large-Volume Generator Applications

    6.4 Combustion of Sprays and Dusts

    6.5 Production of Soot in Flames

    6.6 Safety Hazards of Dust Explosions and Fires

    6.7 Industrial Use of Fine Powders

    References

    Chapter 7 Atmospheric Aerosols

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Physical Characterization

    7.3 Chemical Properties

    7.4 Sources of Particulate Matter

    7.5 Sinks—Atmospheric Removal Processes

    7.6 Dynamics of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles

    References

    Chapter 8 Effects on the Earth's Atmosphere

    8.1 Visibility

    8.2 Climate and Radiative Energy Budgeting

    8.3 Cloud Formation and Dynamics

    8.4 Modification of Clouds

    References

    Chapter 9 Health Effects of Inhaled Aerosols

    9.1 Environmental Exposures to Toxic Materials

    9.2 The Respiratory System

    9.3 Deposition of Aerosol Particles

    9.4 Defense Mechanisms

    9.5 Pulmonary Injury Factors

    References

    Chapter 10 Regulation and Control of Aerosols

    10.1 Regulatory Principles

    10.2 Identification of Sources and Control of Aerosols

    10.3 Particle Control Technology

    10.4 Operating Principles of Control Devices

    10.5 Control of Secondary Particles

    References

    Appendix Particle Size Distributions

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 794
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1984
  • Published: June 7, 1984
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142519

About the Author

George Hidy

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