Aeronomy - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120778010, 9781483260662


1st Edition

Authors: P. M. Banks G. Kockarts
eBook ISBN: 9781483260662
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1973
Page Count: 444
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Aeronomy, Part A is an attempt to make a comprehensive exposition of the processes in aeronomy, the study of composition, movement, and thermal balance of the upper regions of the planetary atmosphere.

The text covers topics such as atmospheric regions and atmospheric density, the temperature and molecular mass of the atmosphere; the permanent constituents and the molecular and isotonic composition of the homosphere; and the transition from the homosphere to the heterosphere. Also covered are topics such as the temperature gradient and energies in the thermosphere, conditions at 200km and above 250km, solar radiation and ionization, and aeronomic reactions.

The book is recommended for scientists, especially natural physicists, who would like to know more about the field of aeronomy and its advances.

Table of Contents



Contents of Part B

Chapter 1. General Introduction

1.1 Atmospheric Regions

1.2 Atmospheric Density

1.3 Temperature

1.4 Molecular Mass

1.5 The Ionosphere


Chapter 2. The Composition of the Homosphere

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Principal Permanent Constituents

2.3 The Noble Gases

2.4 Molecular Composition

2.5 Isotopic Composition


Chapter 3. Physical Conditions of the Homosphere

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Numerical Values between 15 and 100 km

3.3 Lower Thermosphere


Chapter 4. The Transition from the Homosphere to the Heterosphere

4.1 Introduction

4.2 The Theoretical Problem

4.3 Ozone Formation

4.4 Lifetime of Atomic Oxygen

4.5 Atomic Oxygen at 100 km


Chapter 5. Temperature Gradient in the Thermosphere

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Conditions at 200 km

5.3 Conditions above 250 km

5.4 Energies in the Thermosphere


Chapter 6. Photoabsorption

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Absorption of x Rays between 1 and 10 A

6.3 Absorption of x Rays between 10 and 100 A

6.4 Absorption of Ultraviolet Radiation Shorter than 1000 A

6.5 Absorption of Ultraviolet Radiation Longer than 1000 A


Chapter 7. Solar Radiation and Photoionization

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Blackbody Emissions and Solar Data

7.3 X Rays

7.4 Ultraviolet Radiation at Wavelengths Shorter than 1050 A

7.5 Lyman a and Lyman ß

7.6 Variation of Solar Emission


Chapter 8. Photodissociation

8.1 Molecular Oxygen

8.2 Ozone

8.3 Molecular Nitrogen

8.4 Water Vapor

8.5 Other Constituents


Chapter 9. Collision Processes

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Collision Processes

9.3 Cross Sections Which Depend upon Velocity

9.4 Elastic Collisions of Electrons with Neutral Particles

9.5 Inelastic Electron Collisions with Neutral Particles

9.6 Collisions between Ions and Neutral Particles

9.7 Charged Particle Collisions


Chapter 10. Aeronomic Reactions

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Radiative Recombination of Atoms

10.3 Recombination of Atoms by Three-Body Collisions

10.4 Atom Interchange

10.5 Radiative Recombination of Atomic Ions

10.6 Dissociative Recombination of Ions

10.7 Ion—Neutral Reactions

10.8 Cluster Reactions of Positive Ions

10.9 Negative Ions


Chapter 11. Oxygen and Ozone

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Dissociation of Oxygen

11.3 Ozone Distribution and Optical Depth

11.4 Products of the Ozone Photodissociation

11.5 Concentration of Excited Atoms and Molecules


Chapter 12. Nitrogen and Nitrogen Oxides

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Dissociation of Molecular Nitrogen

12.3 Production of Atomic Nitrogen

12.4 Formation of Nitric Oxide

12.5 Reactions Involving Atomic Hydrogen

12.6 Ionospheric Production of N and NO

12.7 Effect of Excited Nitrogen Atoms


Chapter 13. Hydrogen Compounds and Their Effects in the Chemosphere

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Dissociation and Oxidation of Hydrogen Compounds

13.3 Water Vapor and Methane in the Stratosphere and Mesosphere

13.4 Vertical Transport in the Stratosphere and Mésosphere

13.5 Reactions Involving a Single Hydrogen Atom

13.6 Effect of Hydrogen on the Distributions of O and 03

13.7 Rates of Change for the Hydrogen Compounds


Appendix A. A Guide to Reactions and Reaction Rate Coefficients

Author Index for Part A

Subject Index for Parts A and B


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© Academic Press 1973
Academic Press
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About the Author

P. M. Banks

G. Kockarts

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