Preface (J. Friedel). Twenty years of "synthetic metals" - the role of synthesis (D. Marsitzky, K. Müllen). Twenty years of conducting polymers: from fundamental science to applications (M.D. McGehee et al.). The normal phase of quasi-one-dimensional organic superconductors (C. Bourbonnais, D. Jérome). Interplay of structural and electronic properties (S. Kagoshima et al.). Organic lower–dimensional crystalline and monolayer conductors (R.M. Metzger). Electron transport in conducting polymers (A.J. Epstein). Inherently conducting polymers: their role in the evolution of intelligent polymer systems (G.G. Wallace, L.A.P. Kane-Maguire). Conducting forms of carbon: fullerenes, onions, nanotubes (L. Forró et al.).