Advances in Powder Metallurgy

Advances in Powder Metallurgy

Properties, Processing and Applications

1st Edition - August 31, 2013

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  • Editors: Isaac Chang, Yuyuan Zhao
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857098900
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857094209

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Powder metallurgy (PM) is a popular metal forming technology used to produce dense and precision components. Different powder and component forming routes can be used to create an end product with specific properties for a particular application or industry. Advances in powder metallurgy explores a range of materials and techniques used for powder metallurgy and the use of this technology across a variety of application areas.Part one discusses the forming and shaping of metal powders and includes chapters on atomisation techniques, electrolysis and plasma synthesis of metallic nanopowders. Part two goes on to highlight specific materials and their properties including advanced powdered steel alloys, porous metals and titanium alloys. Part three reviews the manufacture and densification of PM components and explores joining techniques, process optimisation in powder component manufacturing and non-destructive evaluation of PM parts. Finally, part four focusses on the applications of PM in the automotive industry and the use of PM in the production of cutting tools and biomaterials.Advances in powder metallurgy is a standard reference for structural engineers and component manufacturers in the metal forming industry, professionals working in industries that use PM components and academics with a research interest in the field.

Key Features

  • Discusses the forming and shaping of metal powders and includes chapters on atomisation techniques
  • Highlights specific materials and their properties including advanced powdered steel alloys, porous metals and titanium alloys
  • Reviews the manufacture and densification of PM components and explores joining techniques


Postgraduate students in materials science, metallurgy, process engineering courses; Those in the diamond tool, aerospace, chemical processing, automotive, additive layer manufacturing industries

Table of Contents

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    Woodhead Publishing Series in Metals and Surface Engineering

    Part I: Forming and shaping of metal powders

    Chapter 1: Advances in atomisation techniques for the formation of metal powders


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Atomisation techniques

    1.3 Problems and advances in gas atomisation

    1.4 Problems and advances in water atomisation

    1.5 Centrifugal atomisation

    1.5.2 Other non-ferrous powders

    1.6 Other atomisation techniques

    1.7 Conclusion

    Chapter 2: Forming metal powders by electrolysis


    2.1 Background of electrometallurgy and powder metallurgy

    2.2 Principle and main technological prospects for the FFC Cambridge process

    2.3 Production of metal powders by the FFC Cambridge process

    2.4 Direct route from oxide precursors to alloyed powders

    2.5 Conclusions and future trends

    2.6 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 3: Mechanochemical synthesis of nanocrystalline metal powders


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Mechanochemical processing

    3.3 The process

    3.4 Grain size and process variables

    3.5 Displacement reactions

    3.6 Consolidation

    3.7 Powder contamination

    3.8 Conclusions

    Chapter 4: Plasma synthesis of metal nanopowders


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Potential benefits and applications of metal nanopowders

    4.3 Electrical arc discharge synthesis of metal nanopowders

    4.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 5: Warm compaction of metallic powders


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Warm compaction process

    5.3 Properties of warm compacted parts

    5.4 Materials and applications

    5.5 Future trends and concluding remarks

    Chapter 6: Developments in metal injection moulding (MIM)


    6.1 Introduction to metal injection moulding

    6.2 Powders for metal injection moulding

    6.3 Binders for metal injection moulding

    6.4 Mixing and feedstock analysis

    6.5 Injection moulding

    6.6 Binder removal (debinding)

    6.7 Sintering

    6.8 Post-sintering

    6.9 Applications and design

    6.10 Conclusion

    Part II: Materials and properties

    Chapter 7: Advanced powder metallurgy steel alloys


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Composition of advanced pressed and sintered steel components

    7.3 Manufacturing routes for sintered steel components

    7.4 Properties, microstructures and typical products

    7.5 Powder injection moulded steel components

    7.6 Powder metallurgy tool steels

    7.7 Trends in ferrous powder metallurgy

    7.8 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 8: Powder metallurgy of titanium alloys


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Powders

    8.3 Near net shapes

    8.4 Additive layer manufacturing and powder injection molding

    8.5 Spraying and research-based processes

    8.6 Future trends

    8.7 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 9: Metal-based composite powders


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Metal-based composite powder production

    9.3 Copper- and aluminium-based composite powder systems

    9.4 Other metal-based composite powders

    9.5 Applications

    9.6 Future trends

    Chapter 10: Porous metals: foams and sponges


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Powder processing: partial sintering and space holders

    10.3 Powder processing: gas entrapment and additive layer manufacturing

    10.4 Properties of porous metals

    10.5 Prediction of porous metal properties

    10.6 Future perspectives

    Chapter 11: Evolution of microstructure in ferrous and non-ferrous materials


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Metallographic preparation techniques for powder metallurgy products

    11.3 Microstructures of ferrous powder metallurgy materials

    11.4 Non-ferrous materials

    11.5 Trends in microstructures of powder metallurgy products

    11.6 Acknowledgements

    Part III: Manufacturing and densification of powder metallurgy components

    Chapter 12: Microwave sintering of metal powders


    12.1 Introduction and background

    12.2 Sintering of metallic powders

    12.3 Bulk metal processing

    12.4 Microwave–metal interaction: mechanism(s)

    12.5 Future trends

    Chapter 13: Joining processes for powder metallurgy parts


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Welding processes for powder metallurgy parts

    13.3 Other joining processes for powder metallurgy parts

    13.4 Discussion

    13.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 14: Process optimization in component manufacturing


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Formal optimization

    14.3 Optimization in the die compaction process

    14.4 Powder injection moulding optimization

    14.5 Sintering optimization

    14.6 Design optimization of steady-state conduction

    14.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 15: Non-destructive evaluation of powder metallurgy parts


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Need and incentive for NDT

    15.3 Problem/approach concept

    15.4 Quality control by digital radiographic (DR) inspection in production

    15.5 Challenges in relation to the state-of-the-art

    15.6 Real-time on-line powder metallurgy parts inspection

    15.7 Prior art in relation to radiography of particulate matter and near net-shape parts

    15.8 Summary

    Chapter 16: Fatigue and fracture of powder metallurgy steels


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Fracture behavior

    16.3 Fatigue behavior

    16.4 Residual stress effects on fatigue

    16.5 Constitutive behavior of microstructural constituents

    16.6 Summary

    16.7 Acknowledgments

    Part IV: Applications

    Chapter 17: Automotive applications of powder metallurgy


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Powder metallurgy parts

    17.3 Materials

    17.4 Innovative powder metallurgy products

    17.5 Emerging trends

    17.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 18: Applications of powder metallurgy in biomaterials


    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Challenges of powder metallurgy biomaterials

    18.3 Production of powder metallurgy biomaterials

    18.4 Specific properties of powdered titanium and titanium alloy biomaterials

    18.5 Specific properties of other powder metallurgy biomaterials

    18.6 Case studies

    18.7 Conclusions and future trends

    18.8 Further reading

    Chapter 19: Applications of powder metallurgy to cutting tools


    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Tool design and composition

    19.3 Diamond tool fabrication

    19.4 Application of powder metallurgy diamond tools

    19.5 Latest trends and developments


Product details

  • No. of pages: 624
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: August 31, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857098900
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857094209

About the Editors

Isaac Chang

Dr Isaac Chang is Head of Education at the School of Metallurgy and Materials, University of Birmingham, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Birmingham

Yuyuan Zhao

Dr Yuyuan Zhao is Reader in Materials Engineering at the School of Engineering, University of Liverpool, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Liverpool, UK

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