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Advances in Pesticide Science - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080239309, 9781483182148

Advances in Pesticide Science

1st Edition

Abstract and Addendum

Editors: H. Geissbühler P. C. Kearney G. T. Brooks
eBook ISBN: 9781483182148
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1979
Page Count: 280
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Advances in Pesticide Science: Abstracts and Addendum documents the proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Pesticide Chemistry held in Zurich on July 24-28, 1978. This book discusses the synthesis of isocoumarins and their biological activities; structure-activity correlations in control of membrane-bound linolenic acid with substituted pyridazinones; and oxidative processes in pesticide transformation. The cardiovascular and neurotoxicity of endosulfan; chemistry and plant growth regulating activity of fusicoccin derivatives and analogs; and pesticide interactions with naturally occurring food components are also elaborated. This compilation likewise covers the techniques for deriving realistic estimates of pesticide intakes; confirmation tests for pesticides based on gas chromatographic techniques; surfactants in flowable formulations; and thin-layer densitometry. This publication is a good reference for biologists and chemists researching on pesticides and its relation to food and the environment.

Table of Contents

Plenary Session World Food Production - Environment - Pesticides

The Future of Plant Protection in Agriculture

Chemicals in the Environment and Their Effects on Ecosystems

The Toxicologist's Responsibility in the Evaluation of Plant Protectants

Pesticide Research to Maintain and Improve Plant Protection

Main Topic I: Synthesis of Pesticides

Chapter 1. Heterocyclic Synthesis by Rearrangement

Chapter 2. Synthesis of N-Heterocycles from 1.2-, 1.3-, 1.4- And 1.5- Diamines

Chapter 3. Syntheses and Transformations of Nitrogen and Sulphur Containing Bicyclic Heterocyclic Systems

Chapter 4. Dimethyl-Maleic Anhydride, a New Synthesis and a Versatile Use of an Old Compound

Chapter 5. Synthesis and Plant Growth Regulator Properties of C-O-Carboxyphenyl Derivatives of Five and Six Membered Heterocycles

Chapter 6. Synthesis and Herbicidal Activity of 4-Acyl Pyrazole Derivatives

Chapter 7. Synthesis of Isocoumarins and Their Biological Activities

Chapter 8. Synthesis of Pesticidal Bis-Trifluoromethyl-Imino Substituted Heterocycles

Chapter 9. Synthesis and Selectivity of Action of Some New Thiophosphoro Organic Insecticides

Chapter 10. Transition Metal Carbene Complexes in Organic Synthesis

Chapter 11. Synthesis and Properties of O-Aryl-O-Alkyl-S-Alkyl-Phosphorothioates

Chapter 12. Synthesis and Insecticidal Activity of 1 ,3 ,2-0xazaphospholidines

Chapter 13. Phosphorus-Containing Starting Materials for the Synthesis of Potential Pesticides

Chapter 14. Glyphosate and Related Chemistry

Chapter 15. Synthesis of Mixed Trialkyltin Compounds

Chapter 16. Synthesis AHD Biological Activity of Substituted Amides of Phosbhorylacbtio Acids

Chapter 17. Approaches to New Pesticides - Serendipity or Science

Chapter 18. Practice-Guided Structural Modifications Based on Chemical and Biochemical Analogies

Chapter 19. Some Aspects of Industrial Research for New Biologically Active Compounds

Chapter 20. The Application of the Theory of Absolute Reaction Rates to the Design of Novel Enzyme Inhibitors with Special Reference to Acetylchot.Tnesterase

Chapter 21. Can Biochemistry Be an Offensive Weapon in Finding New Pesticidal Structures?

Chapter 22. Reactivity Recognition as an Approach to the Design of Ethylene Generating Plant Growth Regulators

Chapter 23. New Group of Insecticides

Chapter 24. Quantitative Structure-Activity Correlations of Piperidinoacetanilides for Different Biological Effects

Chapter 25. Aza-Analogy to Singlet-Oxygen

Chapter 26. Some New Results in Thermal and Photochemical Synthesis of 1,2-Bis-Functionally Substituted Cyclobutanes

Chapter 27. Three-Membered Rings with an Exocyclic Double Bond in Synthesis

Chapter 28. Some New Syntheses of Cyclobutanecarboxylic Acids

Chapter 29. Two-Phase Systems, Versatile Media in Applied Organic Synthesis

Chapter 30. Synthesis of Substituted Ureas Without Isocyanates

Chapter 31. Intermediates Synthesised by Chain-Lengthening Reactions with Formaldehyde or Carbon Monoxide

Chapter 32. A New Technical Way for Cyanogen

Chapter 33. Synthesis and Heactivity of Fluoromethyl-Carbamoylfluorides

Chapter 34. Malononitrile

Chapter 35. Substituted Sulfamic Acid Halides - New Synthetic Intebmediates

Chapter 36. Chlorosulfonylisocyanate

Chapter 37. Bromo Containing Intermediates

Chapter 38. Readily Available Thiophene Intermediates

Chapter 39. Reactive Derivatives of Α-Hydroxyaclds and Aldehydes

Chapter 40. 4-Chloroacetoacetic Acid Derivatives

Chapter 41. Study of the Dipterex to Ddvp Rearrangement

Chapter 42. Chemktki and Toxicology of Pesticide Chemicals. XII. Effect of Heat and Oxidizing Agents on Ieftohios

Chapter 43. Methods for the Preparation of Azamethiphos (Alfacron®), A New Heterocyclic Phosphoric Ester

Chapter 44. Carbamates from Polyhalo-2-Aroyl-1,3-Benzodioxoles for Pesticide Research

Chapter 45. Synthesis and Biological Activity of Some New Urea and Carbamic Acid Derivatives

Chapter 46. Relationship Between the Structure and the Mechanisms of Hydrolysis of Swep and Some Related Methyl N-(Substituted Phenyl) Carbamates

Chapter 47. Synthesis of Thiosemicarbazones of 3-Oxo-Esters and Amides and 1-Thiocarbamoyl-Pyrazoline-5-Ones and Their Antifungal Activity Against Piricularia Oryzae

Chapter 48. Synthesis of New Pesticides Basing on the Principle of Intramolecular Synergism Using Selected Metalthiocyanate Compounds and Heterocyclic Donors

Chapter 49. Synthesis and Reactions of 2-Alkyl-Thiadiazinone-3-1,1-Dioxides

Chapter 50. A New Procedure for Manufacture of N-Arylphtalamic Acids

Chapter 51. New Types of Thioethers as Pesticides

Main Topic II: Chemical Structure and Biological Activity

Chapter 52. Recent Structure-Activity Correlations in Synthetic Pyrethroids

Chapter 53. Chemistry,Absolute Structures and Biological Aspects of the Most Active Isomers of Fenvalerate and Other Recent Pyrethroids

Chapter 54. Comparative Metabolism of Pyrethroids

Chapter 55. Nitromethylene Insecticides

Chapter 56. Benzospiro Pyrethroids

Chapter 57. Conformational Studies of Phenothrin Analogs and Implications on Insecticidal Activity

Chapter 58. New Insecticides. Combined DDT - Isosteres and Pyrethroid Structures

Chapter 59. Synthesis and Structure-Activity Relationships in a Series of Nitrophenyl Carbamates

Chapter 60. Structure-Activity Correlations of Recent Herbicides in Photosynthetic Reactions

Chapter 61. The Chemical Structure and Herbicidal Activity of Alloxydim Sodium and Related Compounds

Chapter 62. Chemical Constitution and Activity of Bipyridinium Herbicides

Chapter 63. Structure-Activity Correlations in Control of Membrane-Bound Linolenic Acid with Substituted Pyridazinones

Chapter 64. Phenoxy-Phenoxy-Propionic Acids and Derivatives as Grass Herbicides

Chapter 65. The Trifluoromethanesulfonanilide Class of Herbicides and Plant Growth Regulators

Chapter 66. Structure-Activity Relationship of Cyclic Imide Herbicides

Chapter 67. Triazolyl-0,N-Acetals, Chemistry, Activity and Structure

Chapter 68. A New Qsar Approach to Bioactive Synthesis

Chapter 69. The Use of Steric Parameters in Quantitative Pesticide Design

Chapter 70. Structure-Activity Correlations of a Series of Pyridazonyl Esters of Organothiophosphorus Acids

Chapter 71. Qsar - A Practical Approach to the Search for Pesticide Toxicants

Chapter 72. Qsar by Means of Free-Energy-Related Parameters and Its Significance in Pesticide Design: a Case Study on Pyrethroids

Chapter 73. The Larvicidal Properties [Contact-Ingestion Toxicity] of Phenothiazine and Several of Its Derivatives and Related Compounds

Chapter 74. Formation and Degradation of Epoxides

Chapter 75. Formation of Active Intermediates by N-Oxidation

Chapter 76. Alkylation of DNA by Organophosphorus Pesticides

Chapter 77. Assessment of Structure-Activity Correlations from Short-Term Mutagenicity Tests

Chapter 78. Teratogenic Effects of Organophosphorus and Methylcarbamate Insecticides in Chicken Embryos Due to Impaired Nad Biosynthesis Associated with Kynurenine Formamidase Inhibition

Chapter 79. Structural Requirements for the Inhibition of Testicular DNA Synthesis and Mutagenicity of Arylalkylureas

Chapter 80. Dependence of Toxicological Properties of Organophosphorus Pesticides and Their Quantum-Chemical Characteristics

Chapter 81. Structure-Activity Relationships in a Group of Spirocyclic Pyrethroids

Chapter 82. New Data on the Pesticidal Activity of Phosphorated Onium Compounds

Chapter 83. N-Sulfenylated Carbamates as Insecticides with Low Mammalian Toxicity

Chapter 84. Sulfenylated Derivatives of N-Phenylformamidines

Chapter 85. Mechanisms of Hydrolysis and Structure-Activity Correlations for a Series of Insecticidal N-Methyl Oxime Carbamates

Chapter 86. The Alkylthiophenyl Ethers, A New Chemical Group of Acaricides

Chapter 87. Carbamates Derived from Vanillin and Their Molluscicidal, Larvicidal and Antimicrobial Activities

Chapter 88. Quantitative Activity Relationships in Insect Toxicity Caused by Substituted Xanthene Dyes

Chapter 89. Synthesis and Structure-Activity Relationship of a Novel Series of 1,3- Disubstituted-1, 2, 4-Triazol-5-Yl Diethoxythiophosphates

Chapter 90. Preparation and Biological Activity of the Enantiomers of CGA 48988, a New Systemic Fungicide

Chapter 91. Structure-Activity Relationship for Some Types of Enolphosphates

Chapter 92. Synthesis of the Optical Isomers of the Fungicide Triforine and Their Physicochemical and Biological Behaviour

Chapter 93. A New Class of Systemic Fungicides. Synthesis, Structureactivity Relationship and an Interesting Effect Against Planthoppers

Chapter 94. Furan-3-Carboxamides and Furan-3-Hydroxamic Esters - Their Synthesis and Fungicidal Activity

Chapter 95. Biological Activities of Some Alkylphenyl Carbamates O-Substituted with Carbonate Groups

Chapter 96. Synthesis of L,3-Thiazolidine-2-One-L,1-Dioxides with Fungicidal Activity

Chapter 97. Synthesis and Repelllent Properties of Esters of N,N-Diethyl-Oxaminic Acid

Chapter 98. Synthesis, Structure and Antifungal Activity of ß-Methyl-ß- Nitrovinyl-Benzyl-Ammonium Salts

Chapter 99. Biological Activity of Thiol Phosphorus Esters Containing Amino Acid Residues

Chapter 100. A Comparison of Hill Inhibition and Herbicidal Activity of N-3-Alkoxyuracil Derivatives

Chapter 101. Pre-Emergence Herbicidal Structure Activity Correlations for a Series of 4-Amino-5-Nitro-Pyrimidines

Chapter 102. Ethylene-Releasing 2-Halogenethyl-Silanes as Abscission Agents

Chapter 103. Substituted Beta-Haloethyl Benzyl Sulphones with Growthregulating Properties

Chapter 104. Possibilities of Exogenous Crop and Quality Regulation of Cultivated Plants by Chemicals

Chapter 105. Bluegill Liver Mitochondria Response to Derivatives of 2,4,5-T and Silvex

Chapter 106. Experimental Study of the Reproduction Under the Action of the Herbicide Balagrin

Chapter 107. Increase in Rat Liver Cyclic Amp and Glycogen Phosphorylase Caused by the Herbicide Atrazine

Chapter 108. Antidote Experiments in Animals After Intoxication with a Combination of Phosphoric Acid Ester and Carbamate

Chapter 109. S-Methyl Isomer Content of Stored Malathion and Fenitrothion Waterdispersible Powders and Its Relationship to Toxicity

Chapter 110. Cardiovascular and Neurotoxicity of Endosulfan

Chapter 111. Studies on the Simultaneous Effect of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon and Organophosphoric Pesticides in Monkey Kidney Cell Cultures

Chapter 112. Concepts of Reliable Data Collection in Toxicology

Chapter 113. Study of the Toxicology of Benomyl

Chapter 114. Prognosing of Toxic Effect of Herbicides - Halogen Anilides of Carbonic Acids Depending on Their Chemical Structure

Chapter 115. The Dispersion Analysis of the Sexual and Age Sensibility of Rats to Bromophos

Chapter 116. State of Some Humoral Regulation Factors of Metabolism Under the Effect of Pesticides of Different Chemical Nature

Chapter 117. Relation Between Chromat Ographic Behaviour and Toxicity of Pesticides

Chapter 118. About the Influence of DDT and Other Pesticides on the Immunologic Reactivity of the Offspring

Chapter 119. Correlation Dependence Between Toxicity of Halohydrocarbons of Aliphatic Series and Their Electronic Structure

Chapter 120. Neurochemical Alterations in Rats During Phosphoroorganic Insecticides Intoxications

Chapter 121. on Character and Mechanism of Combined Effects of Pesticides on the Basis of Dithiocarbamic Acid Derivatives

Chapter 122. The Action of Atrazine and Mezoranil on the Organism of the Laboratory Animals

Main Topic III: Natural Products with Biological Activity

Chapter 123. Insect Growth Regulators from Plants

Chapter 124. Nematicidal Substances from Plants

Chapter 125. Insect Control Using Natural Products

Chapter 126. Purification and Properties of Silkworm Prothoracicotropic Hormone

Chapter 127. Recent Discoveries in Insect Pheromone Chemistry

Chapter 128. Stereochemical Evidence of Dual Chemoreceptors for an Achiral Sex Pheromone in Lepidoptera

Chapter 129. Chemical Defence in the Termite Ancistroteemes Cavithorax

Chapter 130. A Novel Insecticidal Secondary Metabolite from the Entomopathogenic Fungus Entomophthora Virulenta

Chapter 131. Naturally-Occurring Plant Growth Inhibitors as Models for the Synthesis of New Growth Retardants

Chapter 132. Plant Growth Regulators Produced by Microorganisms

Chapter 133. Chemistry and Plant Growth Regulating Activity of Fusicoccin Derivatives and Analogs

Chapter 134. Syntheses of Moniliformin and Related Cyclobutenediones

Chapter 135. New Plant Growth Regulators from Higher Plants

Chapter 136. The Influence of Antagonistic Fungi on the Spore Formation of Rust Fungi

Chapter 137. The Role of the Source of Ethylene on the Development of an Abscission Layer in Olive Pedicels

Chapter 138. Fungicidal Components of Creosote Bush Resin

Chapter 139. Qualitative and Quantitative Analyses of Gibberellins in Higher Plants

Chapter 140. Isolation and Identification of Insect Hormones At Physiological Levels

Chapter 141. Electrophysiological Techniques in Insect Pheromone Studies

Chapter 142. High Resolution C-13 and P-31 NMR Spectroscopy of Living Systems

Chapter 143. Studies on Juvenile Hormone Control of Epidermal Commitment

Chapter 144. Mechanisms of the Formation of "Activated" Oxygen Species ( O2, H2 O2 , Perferryl-Complex ) by Different Autoxidizable Electron Acceptors

Chapter 145. Isolation of Molluscicidal Saponins and Other Bioactive Compounds by Droplet Counter-Current Chromatography (DCC)

Chapter 146. Identification of the Cabbage Moth Sex Pheromone, Mamestra Brassicae L. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae

Chapter 147. Stress Metabolites in Biosynthesis

Chapter 148. Biosynthetic Studies with Carbon-13

Chapter 149. Biosynthesis of Fungal Metabolites

Chapter 150. Biosynthesis of Cyclonerodiol: Stereochemistry of the Conversion of Farnesyl to Nerolidyl Pyrophosphate

Chapter 151. Biological Activity of Bacterial Metabolites and Their Interactions with Herbicides

Chapter 152. Recent Studies on Insecticidal Properties Op Camphor, as a Promising Safe Pesticide

Chapter 153. Population Regulating Strategy of Bean Weevils - Its Chemical Basis

Chapter 154. Use of Some Plants to Control Mites and Nematodes

Chapter 155. Pesticide from Coconut Oil

Chapter 156. Some New Data in Research of Forest Insect's Pheromones

Chapter 157. Complex Compounds Generating Products Vith Juvenile Hormone Activity

Chapter 158. Thermal and Photodecomposition of Natural Pyrethrins and Related Compounds

Main Topic IV: Biochemistry of Pests and Mode of Action of Pesticides

Chapter 159. Transcuticular Movement of Xenobiotics

Chapter 160. Movement of Xenobiotics in Plants - Perspectives

Chapter 161. Uptake and Translocation of Foliar-Applied Herbicides Using an Ex-Plant Systim

Chapter 162. Absorption and Translocation Structure Specificity of Phenoxy Herbicides by Gorse (Ulex Europaeus)

Chapter 163. Physiological and Physicochemical Requisites for the Transport of Xenobiotics in Plants

Chapter 164. The Weak Acid Hypothesis for Phloem Loading

Chapter 165. The Uptake and Translocation of a New Systemic Fungicide, Rh2161

Chapter 166. Some Patterns of Distribution of Systemic Pesticides in Small Trees and Hops

Chapter 167. The Interaction of Pesticides with Gates, Receptors and Enzymes of the Nervous System

Chapter 168. Chitin as a Target for Pesticide Action: Progress and Prospects

Chapter 169. Formamidine Pesticides: a Novel Mechanism of Action in Lepidopterous Larvae

Chapter 170. Mode of Action of Dipkenyletrers and Related Herbicides on Mosquito Larvae

Chapter 171. Herbicide Interaction with Plant Biochemical Systems

Chapter 172. Receptors for Plant Growth Regulators

Chapter 173. Characterization of a Common Molecular Target for Selected Structures of Photosynthesis-Inhibiting Herbicides

Chapter 174. Studies on the Mode of Action of Some A-Substituted Pyridine Compounds in Plants

Chapter 175. Mechanistic Aspects of Pesticide Interactions

Chapter 176. Hazards or Benefits from Interactions of Pesticide Residues

Chapter 177. The Effect of Epn (O-Ethyl 0-P-Nitrophenyl Phenyl Phosphonothioate) on the Metabolism and Toxicity of Procaine in Nice

Chapter 178. Drug Interactions: a Suggestion for a New Mathematical Approach

Chapter 179. Pesticide Interactions with Naturally Occurring Food Components

Chapter 180. Mechanisms and Significance of Herbicide Interactions with Other Chemicals in Plants

Chapter 181. Resistance of Plants to Soil-Borne Pathogens Induced by Dinitroaniline Herbicides

Chapter 182. The Inhibitory Effect of Chlorbromuron, Its Impurities and Breakdown Product on Microorganisms

Chapter 183. Insecticide Dynamics: Introduction and Overview

Chapter 184. Mode of Entry of Insecticides Which Act on the Central Nervous System

Chapter 185. Accumulation of Insecticides and Attack on the Target

Chapter 186. Pyrethroids - A Single Mode of Action?

Chapter 187. Binding of Insecticides to Insect Macromolecules

Chapter 188. Models of Insecticide Dynamics -Methods, Theoretical Aspects and Uses

Chapter 189. Dynamics of Malathion and Malaoxon in Houseflies

Chapter 190. Root Absorption and Translocation of DDT and Analogs in the Maize Plant

Chapter 191. The Effect of Methylchlor and Lindane on DNA Amounts in Wheat and Maize Root Meristems

Chapter 192. Behaviour of Lindane Applied to Coffee Plants

Chapter 193. Chemical Characterisation of the Leaf Surface Microenvironment

Chapter 194. Penetration, Translocation and Metabolism of C-14 Aminocarb Insecticide in Conifers

Chapter 195. The Influence of Antiphytoviral Triazines and Other Substances on the Plasma Membranes of Virus-Infected Cells of Tobacco Plants

Chapter 196. Relationship of Flea Mortality and Blood Concentrations of Phoxim and Chlorphoxim in Rats After Oral Dosage

Chapter 197. The Chlorella-Test-System - A Complex of Methods for Standardized Analysis of Parameters of Potential Phytopharmaca

Chapter 198. Long-Term Persistence of Fenitrothion in Jack Pine and Its Effects on a Non-Target Insect Species

Chapter 199. Elicitation of Phytoalexins by Ozone and Herbicide Stress in Soybean and Navy Bean

Chapter 200. The Common Action of Carbaryl Mixtures with Different Pesticides

Chapter 201. The Effect of 2,4-D on Regeneration in Decapitated Sunflower Seedlings

Chapter 202. A Novel Bisthiolcarbamate Compound (R-31026) Disrupts Adult Formation in Tribolium

Chapter 203. Effects of Herbicides and Insecticides on Lipid Bilayer Structure

Chapter 204. Effect on Mixed-Function Oxidase Activities in Insects by Host Plant Allelochemicals

Chapter 205. on the Mechanism of Herbicidal Action Upon Legumenodule Symbiosis

Chapter 206. A Classification Attempt on Patterns of Induction by Pesticidal Chemicals in the Rat Liver

Chapter 207. Synthesis and Properties of an 125i Labelled Benzoquinone as an Inhibitor of Photosynthetic Electron Transport

Chapter 208. Mode of Action of Chlordimeform [N'-(4-Chloro-O-Tolyl)-N',N'-Dimethylformamidine]

Chapter 209. Effect of Monolinuron [3-(P-Chlorophenyl)-1-Methoxy-L-Methylurea] on Photosynthetic Activity of Pisum Sativum

Chapter 210. Aryl Hydrazine and Imide Derivatives as Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors and Insecticides Against Culex Pipiens Larvae

Chapter 211. Investigations of the Influence of Thidiazuron on the Intermediate Metabolic Pathway of Cotton

Chapter 212. Studies of Peripheral Atpase Activity of the Central Nervous System of Periplaneta Americana L. And Its Activator Found in Haemolymph

Chapter 213. Influence of EMD-It-5914 (Difunon) on Microalgae

Chapter 214. Elucidation of Reaction Mechanism Involved in Malathion Inhibition of Cholinesterase from Horse and Human Serums

Chapter 215. The Effect of Atrazine and Alachlor on Respiration and Nitrogen Metabolism in Panicum Crus-Galli

Chapter 216. The Stereospecificity of Mammalian Cholinesterases in the Reaction with Organophosphorus Inhibitors

Chapter 217. Estimating the Biological Activity of Pesticides

Chapter 218. The Mode of Action of Anticholinesterase Insecticides on Earthworms

Chapter 219. Mode of Action of Isophos-3

Chapter 220. Acetylcholinesterase from Spring Grain Aphid Schizaphis Gramina Rond. Partial Purification and Some Properties

Chapter 221. Mode of Action of Herbicide Benzimidazole Derivatives

Chapter 222. The Influence of Chemical Pesticides Structure on Their Biological Action

Chapter 223. Morphophysiological and Biochemical Changes of Soybean Plants (Glycine Max. L.) Treated with Herbicides Based on Chloramben, Alachlor, Trifluralin, Dibutalin, Oryzalin, Linuron and Metribuzin

Chapter 224. Some New Data on Molecular Mechanisms of Action of Organophosphate Insecticides

Chapter 225. The Influence of Fumigation of Soil Mix with Methyl Bromide Upon Development of Seedlings of Softwood Species

Chapter 226. Novel Findings on the Activity of Diflubenzuron Against Eggs and Larvae of Four Lepidopteran Species

Chapter 227. Will Genetic Resistance to Herbicides Appear in the Field?

Chapter 228. Selective Action of 2,4,6-Trichloro-4'-Nitro-Diphenylether(Cnp) on Rice and Barnyardgrass

Chapter 229. Mechanism of Action of Cyclic Imide Type Herbicides

Chapter 230. Specific Factors Influencing the Antifungal Selectivity and Basipetal Transport of the Systemic Fungicide Triadimefon

Chapter 231. Characterization of Monocrotophos Resistance in an Egyptian Race of Spodoptera Littoralis

Chapter 232. The Role of Enhanced Non-Specific Esterase Activity in the Insecticide Resistance of the Green Rice Leafhopper

Chapter 233. A Study of the Mechanism of Diamond-Back Moth Resistance to Diazinon and Methomyl

Chapter 234. Mechanism of Selective Toxicity of Certain Organophosphorus Compounds in the Armyworm, Leucania Separata Walker

Chapter 235. Pre-Existing and Selected Resistance to Synthetic Pyrethroids in Strains of the Cattle Tick {Boophilus Microplus

Chapter 236. Diethylmesoxalate, a New Irreversible Inhibitor of Cholinesterases

Chapter 237. Studies of the Esterase Mechanism of Resistance in Two Species of Arthropod to Acephate and Tetrachlorvinphos

Chapter 238. Selective Toxicity of Some Organophosphorus Insectoacaricides and Their Effects on Esterase Activity of Spider and Predacious Mites

Chapter 239. Sensibility of Various Insect Species Against Low Hydrogen Phosphide Concentrations

Main Topic V: Pesticide Degradation

Chapter 240. Oxidative Processes in Pesticide Transformation

Chapter 241. Hydrolytic Mechanisms of Pesticide Degradation

Chapter 242. Conjugation Reactions of Pesticides and/or Their Metabolites with Sugars

Chapter 243. Conjugation Reactions with Amino Acids Including Glutathione

Chapter 244. Metabolism of the Rice Herbicide, Ordram (Molinate), in the Rat

Chapter 245. Investigations on the Degradation of Bentazone in Plant and Soil

Chapter 246. Anaerobic Microsomal Metabolism of Lindane and Related Compounds: Reductive Dechlorination and Dehydrochlorination, Its Significance in the in Vivo Metabolism

Chapter 247. Metabolism of Toxaphene and Its Components

Chapter 248. The Significance of Light-Induced Pesticide Transformations

Chapter 249. Chemical Conversion of Organophosphorous Pesticides in the Soil Medium

Chapter 250. Photolysis of Some Herbicides in the Environment

Chapter 251. The Chemical and Non-Chemical Decomposition of Linuron and Chlorbromuron in Different Types of Soils

Chapter 252. The Relevance of Chemical Reactions in Modifying the Toxicity of Pesticides

Chapter 253. Strategies for the Non-Biological Detoxification of Pesticides and Their Transformation Products

Chapter 254. Transformation and Degradation of Pesticides with a Chlorinated Double Bond on Treatment with Ozone

Chapter 255. Constituents of Commercial Methoxychlor (Dmdt, 2,2-Bis(P-Meth0xyphenyl)- 1,1,1-Trichloroethane)

Chapter 256. Characteristics and Analysis of Soil Bound Pesticide Residues

Chapter 257. Biochemical Influences in the Binding of Pesticides in the Soil

Chapter 258. Studies on the Isolation and Identification of Extractable and Nonextractable Metabolites of the Insecticidal Carbamate Croneton

Chapter 259. Plant Availability of Soil Bound Methabenzthiazuron Residues

Chapter 260. The Significance of Soil Bound Pesticide Residues

Chapter 261. Characteristics and Analysis of Bound Pesticide Residues in Plants

Chapter 262. Formation and Characteristics of Bound Carbofuran Residues in Radish Roots

Chapter 263. Regulatory Aspect of Bound Residues

Chapter 264. The Use of Model Aquatic Ecosystems to Evaluate the Bioaccumulation of Pesticides

Chapter 265. Factors Determining the Bioaccumulation Potential of Pesticides in the Individual Compartments of Aquatic Food Chains

Chapter 266. Relationship Between Water Solubility, Soil-Sorption, Octanol-Water Partitioning, and Bioconcentration of Chemicals in Biota

Chapter 267. Development and Evaluation of Mathematical Models Capable of Predicting the Fate and Movement of Pesticides in the Biosphere

Chapter 268. Behaviour of Pesticides in Soil as Determined by Undisturbed Soil Cores and Lysimeter Systems

Chapter 269. Retentive Capacity: an Index of Chemical Persistence Expressed in Terms of Chemical-Specific and Ecosystem-Specific Parameters

Chapter 270. Use of Terrestrial Systems to Predict the Fate and Effects of Pesticides in Non-Target Organisms

Chapter 271. Ecotoxicologic Profile Analysis - An Approach for Comparative Screening of the Environmental Behaviour of Pesticides

Chapter 272. Microbial Metabolism of Methylthio-Substituted Phenols as Degradation Products of Thioaryl Organophosphorus Insecticides in Soil

Chapter 273. Metabolism of Ionic Methylphosphonates: Bacterial Cleavage of the C-P Bond

Chapter 274. Degradation of Synthetic Pyrethroid Insecticides (Permethrin and Cypermethrin) in Soil

Chapter 275. Metabolic Fate of Cnp, a Diphenyl Ether Herbicide, in Soil and by Isolated Soil Microorganisms

Chapter 276. Degradation of Trifluralin in Soil

Chapter 277. Influence of Soil-Type and Rainfall on the Uptake of Aldicarb by Sugar-Beets

Chapter 278. Metabolism of C 18 898 in Paddy Rice

Chapter 279. Metabolism of C 19 490 in Paddy Rice

Chapter 280. Fates of Fluoroimide [(4-Fluorophenyl)-2,3-Dichloromaleimide, Spartcide®] in Plant and Soils

Chapter 281. Metabolism and Environmental Degradation of 4-[0- (0,0-Diethylphosphorothioyl)] Acetophenoneoxime-N'-Methylcarbamate (R-14805) by Rats, Water, and Sunlight

Chapter 282. Fate and Behaviors of Phenothiol, S-Ethyl 4-Chloro-O-Tolyloxythioacetate, in Soils, Rice Plants and Rats

Chapter 283. Metabolism of Cytrolane Mephosfolan Systemic Insecticide in Plants, Animals and the Environment

Chapter 284. Metabolic Fate of a Conjugated Phenylurea-ß-Glucoside in Plants

Chapter 285. Quantitative Evalution of Pesticide Behaviour in Closed, Ventilation Controlled Plant Cultivating Systems

Chapter 286. New Aspects of the Metabolism of [L4c]Zineb on Lettuce

Chapter 287. Comparative Degradation and Metabolism of Butonate, Trichlorphone and Dichlorvos

Chapter 288. Fate of Etrimfos [0-(6-Ethoxy-2-Ethyl-4-Pyrimidinyl) O,O-Dimethyl Phosphorothioate] in the Rat and the Goat

Chapter 289. Residue Transfer and Metabolism of Pirimicarb in Hens and a Goat

Chapter 290. Degradation of Thidiazuron Cotton Defoliant and Its Photoproduct in Rats, Lactating Goats and Laying Hens

Chapter 291. The Role of Enterohepatic Circulation in the Formation of the Metabolites of 2-Chloro-N-Isopropylacetanilide (Propachlor)

Chapter 292. Biotransformations of Photoheptachlor in Rabbit

Chapter 293. Ddt Degradation in Trout: Comparison with Mammalian Routes

Chapter 294. A Simple Method for the Determination of the Photomineralization Rate of Pesticides as Solids or Adsorbed on Particulate Matter

Chapter 295. The Fate of Fenitrothion in Model Aquatic Ecosystems

Chapter 296. Device for Testing the Behaviour of Environmental Chemicals in Agrarian Ecology Systems

Chapter 297. Metabolism of 2,5-L 14cj -Piperazine in Barley Plants

Chapter 298. Free-Radical and Ionic Pathways in the Photochemical Breakdown of Organophosphate Pesticides

Chapter 299. Photochemical Behaviour of Thidiazuron in Aqueous Solution

Chapter 300. Enzymatic Cross-Coupling Between Pesticide Intermediates and Naturally Occuring Phenolic Compounds

Chapter 301. Chemical Hydrolysis of 2-Chloro-4,6-Bis(Alkylamino)-L,3,5-Triazine Herbicides and Their Breakdown in Soil Under the Influence of Adsorption

Chapter 302. Molecular Weight, Subunits and Multiple Forms of House Fly Glutathione S-Transferase

Chapter 303. Thermal and Photochemical Decomposition of Herbicide Derivatives of N-Carbamoyl-N-Arylhydroxylamines

Chapter 304. Purification and Characterization of a Parathion Hydrolysing Enzyme

Chapter 305. Chromatographic Methods in the Evaluation of the Fate of Pesticides in the Biosphere

Chapter 306. Cometabolism of DDT and Ordram

Chapter 307. Comparative Biochemical Mechanisms of Juvenile Hormone and Juvenoid Degradation in Insects and Mammals

Chapter 308. Structure-Activity Relationships for the Physical and Biological Degradation of DDT Analogs with Altered Aliphatic Moieties

Chapter 309. Effects of Soil Components on the Acid-Base Equilibrium of S-Triazines

Chapter 310. Fate of 14c-Labelled Carbendazim and 2-Aminobenzimidazole in Soil, Described by Their Degradation Rates.

Chapter 311. The Influence of Edaphic Factors on the Relative Degradation Rates of Two Herbicides

Chapter 312. Metabolism of Ortho-, Meta-, and Para-Polychlorinated Terphenyl Isomers in Hens

Chapter 313. The Fate of Ethylene-Bis-Dithiocarbamate Residues in the Agricultural Environment

Chapter 314. on the Problem of 1,2-Dichloroethane Metabolism in a Warmblooded Organism

Chapter 315. Behaviour of Triazine Derivatives in Soil and Some Perennial Crops

Chapter 316. Enzymic Degradation of Phosphorothionate Oxons in the Plasma of Species of Varying Susceptibility to Poisoning

Chapter 317. The Effect of Moisture Content on the Interaction of Parathion with Clays

Chapter 318. Pesticide Detoxifying Enzyme Systems for Industrial and Consumer Use

Chapter 319. Pesticide Degradation by Atmospheric Oxidants

Chapter 320. Distribution of Carbaryl and Propoxur in Rats

Chapter 321. Studies on the Fate and Conversions of Insecticides in Agricultural Crops

Chapter 322. The Fate of Dichlorvos in Soil Perfusion Systems

Chapter 323. Photo-Ene-Reaction a New Intramolecular Isqmerisation Reaction of the Chlordane Derivatives

Chapter 324. Efficacy Duration of Aldicarb in Comparison to Its Residue Dynamics

Chapter 325. Interaction Between Atrazine and Montmorillonite

Chapter 326. Transformation of Benomyl and Thiophanate-Methyl in Sterilized and Nonsterilized Soil

Chapter 327. Oxidation of Parathion to Paraoxon in Soil Surface Dust as Affected by Atmospheric Conditions

Chapter 328. Determination of Chlorfenvinphos, Parathion and Dimethoate in Rat Tissues After Acute Poisoning

Chapter 329. Hydrolysis of O-Alkyl-O-Aryl-Phenylphosphonothioates

Chapter 330. Microbial Degradation of Hydroxy-Derivatives of S-Triazine Herbicides

Author Index


No. of pages:
© Pergamon 1979
1st January 1979
eBook ISBN:

About the Editors

H. Geissbühler

P. C. Kearney

Affiliations and Expertise

USDA, Beltsville, MD, USA

G. T. Brooks

Ratings and Reviews