Advances in Pesticide Science

Advances in Pesticide Science

Abstract and Addendum

1st Edition - January 1, 1979

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  • Editors: H. Geissbühler, P. C. Kearney, G. T. Brooks
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483182148

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Advances in Pesticide Science: Abstracts and Addendum documents the proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Pesticide Chemistry held in Zurich on July 24-28, 1978. This book discusses the synthesis of isocoumarins and their biological activities; structure-activity correlations in control of membrane-bound linolenic acid with substituted pyridazinones; and oxidative processes in pesticide transformation. The cardiovascular and neurotoxicity of endosulfan; chemistry and plant growth regulating activity of fusicoccin derivatives and analogs; and pesticide interactions with naturally occurring food components are also elaborated. This compilation likewise covers the techniques for deriving realistic estimates of pesticide intakes; confirmation tests for pesticides based on gas chromatographic techniques; surfactants in flowable formulations; and thin-layer densitometry. This publication is a good reference for biologists and chemists researching on pesticides and its relation to food and the environment.

Table of Contents

  • Plenary Session World Food Production - Environment - Pesticides

    The Future of Plant Protection in Agriculture

    Chemicals in the Environment and Their Effects on Ecosystems

    The Toxicologist's Responsibility in the Evaluation of Plant Protectants

    Pesticide Research to Maintain and Improve Plant Protection

    Main Topic I: Synthesis of Pesticides

    Chapter 1. Heterocyclic Synthesis by Rearrangement

    Chapter 2. Synthesis of N-Heterocycles from 1.2-, 1.3-, 1.4- And 1.5- Diamines

    Chapter 3. Syntheses and Transformations of Nitrogen and Sulphur Containing Bicyclic Heterocyclic Systems

    Chapter 4. Dimethyl-Maleic Anhydride, a New Synthesis and a Versatile Use of an Old Compound

    Chapter 5. Synthesis and Plant Growth Regulator Properties of C-O-Carboxyphenyl Derivatives of Five and Six Membered Heterocycles

    Chapter 6. Synthesis and Herbicidal Activity of 4-Acyl Pyrazole Derivatives

    Chapter 7. Synthesis of Isocoumarins and Their Biological Activities

    Chapter 8. Synthesis of Pesticidal Bis-Trifluoromethyl-Imino Substituted Heterocycles

    Chapter 9. Synthesis and Selectivity of Action of Some New Thiophosphoro Organic Insecticides

    Chapter 10. Transition Metal Carbene Complexes in Organic Synthesis

    Chapter 11. Synthesis and Properties of O-Aryl-O-Alkyl-S-Alkyl-Phosphorothioates

    Chapter 12. Synthesis and Insecticidal Activity of 1 ,3 ,2-0xazaphospholidines

    Chapter 13. Phosphorus-Containing Starting Materials for the Synthesis of Potential Pesticides

    Chapter 14. Glyphosate and Related Chemistry

    Chapter 15. Synthesis of Mixed Trialkyltin Compounds

    Chapter 16. Synthesis AHD Biological Activity of Substituted Amides of Phosbhorylacbtio Acids

    Chapter 17. Approaches to New Pesticides - Serendipity or Science

    Chapter 18. Practice-Guided Structural Modifications Based on Chemical and Biochemical Analogies

    Chapter 19. Some Aspects of Industrial Research for New Biologically Active Compounds

    Chapter 20. The Application of the Theory of Absolute Reaction Rates to the Design of Novel Enzyme Inhibitors with Special Reference to Acetylchot.Tnesterase

    Chapter 21. Can Biochemistry Be an Offensive Weapon in Finding New Pesticidal Structures?

    Chapter 22. Reactivity Recognition as an Approach to the Design of Ethylene Generating Plant Growth Regulators

    Chapter 23. New Group of Insecticides

    Chapter 24. Quantitative Structure-Activity Correlations of Piperidinoacetanilides for Different Biological Effects

    Chapter 25. Aza-Analogy to Singlet-Oxygen

    Chapter 26. Some New Results in Thermal and Photochemical Synthesis of 1,2-Bis-Functionally Substituted Cyclobutanes

    Chapter 27. Three-Membered Rings with an Exocyclic Double Bond in Synthesis

    Chapter 28. Some New Syntheses of Cyclobutanecarboxylic Acids

    Chapter 29. Two-Phase Systems, Versatile Media in Applied Organic Synthesis

    Chapter 30. Synthesis of Substituted Ureas Without Isocyanates

    Chapter 31. Intermediates Synthesised by Chain-Lengthening Reactions with Formaldehyde or Carbon Monoxide

    Chapter 32. A New Technical Way for Cyanogen

    Chapter 33. Synthesis and Heactivity of Fluoromethyl-Carbamoylfluorides

    Chapter 34. Malononitrile

    Chapter 35. Substituted Sulfamic Acid Halides - New Synthetic Intebmediates

    Chapter 36. Chlorosulfonylisocyanate

    Chapter 37. Bromo Containing Intermediates

    Chapter 38. Readily Available Thiophene Intermediates

    Chapter 39. Reactive Derivatives of Α-Hydroxyaclds and Aldehydes

    Chapter 40. 4-Chloroacetoacetic Acid Derivatives

    Chapter 41. Study of the Dipterex to Ddvp Rearrangement

    Chapter 42. Chemktki and Toxicology of Pesticide Chemicals. XII. Effect of Heat and Oxidizing Agents on Ieftohios

    Chapter 43. Methods for the Preparation of Azamethiphos (Alfacron®), A New Heterocyclic Phosphoric Ester

    Chapter 44. Carbamates from Polyhalo-2-Aroyl-1,3-Benzodioxoles for Pesticide Research

    Chapter 45. Synthesis and Biological Activity of Some New Urea and Carbamic Acid Derivatives

    Chapter 46. Relationship Between the Structure and the Mechanisms of Hydrolysis of Swep and Some Related Methyl N-(Substituted Phenyl) Carbamates

    Chapter 47. Synthesis of Thiosemicarbazones of 3-Oxo-Esters and Amides and 1-Thiocarbamoyl-Pyrazoline-5-Ones and Their Antifungal Activity Against Piricularia Oryzae

    Chapter 48. Synthesis of New Pesticides Basing on the Principle of Intramolecular Synergism Using Selected Metalthiocyanate Compounds and Heterocyclic Donors

    Chapter 49. Synthesis and Reactions of 2-Alkyl-Thiadiazinone-3-1,1-Dioxides

    Chapter 50. A New Procedure for Manufacture of N-Arylphtalamic Acids

    Chapter 51. New Types of Thioethers as Pesticides

    Main Topic II: Chemical Structure and Biological Activity

    Chapter 52. Recent Structure-Activity Correlations in Synthetic Pyrethroids

    Chapter 53. Chemistry,Absolute Structures and Biological Aspects of the Most Active Isomers of Fenvalerate and Other Recent Pyrethroids

    Chapter 54. Comparative Metabolism of Pyrethroids

    Chapter 55. Nitromethylene Insecticides

    Chapter 56. Benzospiro Pyrethroids

    Chapter 57. Conformational Studies of Phenothrin Analogs and Implications on Insecticidal Activity

    Chapter 58. New Insecticides. Combined DDT - Isosteres and Pyrethroid Structures

    Chapter 59. Synthesis and Structure-Activity Relationships in a Series of Nitrophenyl Carbamates

    Chapter 60. Structure-Activity Correlations of Recent Herbicides in Photosynthetic Reactions

    Chapter 61. The Chemical Structure and Herbicidal Activity of Alloxydim Sodium and Related Compounds

    Chapter 62. Chemical Constitution and Activity of Bipyridinium Herbicides

    Chapter 63. Structure-Activity Correlations in Control of Membrane-Bound Linolenic Acid with Substituted Pyridazinones

    Chapter 64. Phenoxy-Phenoxy-Propionic Acids and Derivatives as Grass Herbicides

    Chapter 65. The Trifluoromethanesulfonanilide Class of Herbicides and Plant Growth Regulators

    Chapter 66. Structure-Activity Relationship of Cyclic Imide Herbicides

    Chapter 67. Triazolyl-0,N-Acetals, Chemistry, Activity and Structure

    Chapter 68. A New Qsar Approach to Bioactive Synthesis

    Chapter 69. The Use of Steric Parameters in Quantitative Pesticide Design

    Chapter 70. Structure-Activity Correlations of a Series of Pyridazonyl Esters of Organothiophosphorus Acids

    Chapter 71. Qsar - A Practical Approach to the Search for Pesticide Toxicants

    Chapter 72. Qsar by Means of Free-Energy-Related Parameters and Its Significance in Pesticide Design: a Case Study on Pyrethroids

    Chapter 73. The Larvicidal Properties [Contact-Ingestion Toxicity] of Phenothiazine and Several of Its Derivatives and Related Compounds

    Chapter 74. Formation and Degradation of Epoxides

    Chapter 75. Formation of Active Intermediates by N-Oxidation

    Chapter 76. Alkylation of DNA by Organophosphorus Pesticides

    Chapter 77. Assessment of Structure-Activity Correlations from Short-Term Mutagenicity Tests

    Chapter 78. Teratogenic Effects of Organophosphorus and Methylcarbamate Insecticides in Chicken Embryos Due to Impaired Nad Biosynthesis Associated with Kynurenine Formamidase Inhibition

    Chapter 79. Structural Requirements for the Inhibition of Testicular DNA Synthesis and Mutagenicity of Arylalkylureas

    Chapter 80. Dependence of Toxicological Properties of Organophosphorus Pesticides and Their Quantum-Chemical Characteristics

    Chapter 81. Structure-Activity Relationships in a Group of Spirocyclic Pyrethroids

    Chapter 82. New Data on the Pesticidal Activity of Phosphorated Onium Compounds

    Chapter 83. N-Sulfenylated Carbamates as Insecticides with Low Mammalian Toxicity

    Chapter 84. Sulfenylated Derivatives of N-Phenylformamidines

    Chapter 85. Mechanisms of Hydrolysis and Structure-Activity Correlations for a Series of Insecticidal N-Methyl Oxime Carbamates

    Chapter 86. The Alkylthiophenyl Ethers, A New Chemical Group of Acaricides

    Chapter 87. Carbamates Derived from Vanillin and Their Molluscicidal, Larvicidal and Antimicrobial Activities

    Chapter 88. Quantitative Activity Relationships in Insect Toxicity Caused by Substituted Xanthene Dyes

    Chapter 89. Synthesis and Structure-Activity Relationship of a Novel Series of 1,3- Disubstituted-1, 2, 4-Triazol-5-Yl Diethoxythiophosphates

    Chapter 90. Preparation and Biological Activity of the Enantiomers of CGA 48988, a New Systemic Fungicide

    Chapter 91. Structure-Activity Relationship for Some Types of Enolphosphates

    Chapter 92. Synthesis of the Optical Isomers of the Fungicide Triforine and Their Physicochemical and Biological Behaviour

    Chapter 93. A New Class of Systemic Fungicides. Synthesis, Structureactivity Relationship and an Interesting Effect Against Planthoppers

    Chapter 94. Furan-3-Carboxamides and Furan-3-Hydroxamic Esters - Their Synthesis and Fungicidal Activity

    Chapter 95. Biological Activities of Some Alkylphenyl Carbamates O-Substituted with Carbonate Groups

    Chapter 96. Synthesis of L,3-Thiazolidine-2-One-L,1-Dioxides with Fungicidal Activity

    Chapter 97. Synthesis and Repelllent Properties of Esters of N,N-Diethyl-Oxaminic Acid

    Chapter 98. Synthesis, Structure and Antifungal Activity of ß-Methyl-ß- Nitrovinyl-Benzyl-Ammonium Salts

    Chapter 99. Biological Activity of Thiol Phosphorus Esters Containing Amino Acid Residues

    Chapter 100. A Comparison of Hill Inhibition and Herbicidal Activity of N-3-Alkoxyuracil Derivatives

    Chapter 101. Pre-Emergence Herbicidal Structure Activity Correlations for a Series of 4-Amino-5-Nitro-Pyrimidines

    Chapter 102. Ethylene-Releasing 2-Halogenethyl-Silanes as Abscission Agents

    Chapter 103. Substituted Beta-Haloethyl Benzyl Sulphones with Growthregulating Properties

    Chapter 104. Possibilities of Exogenous Crop and Quality Regulation of Cultivated Plants by Chemicals

    Chapter 105. Bluegill Liver Mitochondria Response to Derivatives of 2,4,5-T and Silvex

    Chapter 106. Experimental Study of the Reproduction Under the Action of the Herbicide Balagrin

    Chapter 107. Increase in Rat Liver Cyclic Amp and Glycogen Phosphorylase Caused by the Herbicide Atrazine

    Chapter 108. Antidote Experiments in Animals After Intoxication with a Combination of Phosphoric Acid Ester and Carbamate

    Chapter 109. S-Methyl Isomer Content of Stored Malathion and Fenitrothion Waterdispersible Powders and Its Relationship to Toxicity

    Chapter 110. Cardiovascular and Neurotoxicity of Endosulfan

    Chapter 111. Studies on the Simultaneous Effect of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon and Organophosphoric Pesticides in Monkey Kidney Cell Cultures

    Chapter 112. Concepts of Reliable Data Collection in Toxicology

    Chapter 113. Study of the Toxicology of Benomyl

    Chapter 114. Prognosing of Toxic Effect of Herbicides - Halogen Anilides of Carbonic Acids Depending on Their Chemical Structure

    Chapter 115. The Dispersion Analysis of the Sexual and Age Sensibility of Rats to Bromophos

    Chapter 116. State of Some Humoral Regulation Factors of Metabolism Under the Effect of Pesticides of Different Chemical Nature

    Chapter 117. Relation Between Chromat Ographic Behaviour and Toxicity of Pesticides

    Chapter 118. About the Influence of DDT and Other Pesticides on the Immunologic Reactivity of the Offspring

    Chapter 119. Correlation Dependence Between Toxicity of Halohydrocarbons of Aliphatic Series and Their Electronic Structure

    Chapter 120. Neurochemical Alterations in Rats During Phosphoroorganic Insecticides Intoxications

    Chapter 121. on Character and Mechanism of Combined Effects of Pesticides on the Basis of Dithiocarbamic Acid Derivatives

    Chapter 122. The Action of Atrazine and Mezoranil on the Organism of the Laboratory Animals

    Main Topic III: Natural Products with Biological Activity

    Chapter 123. Insect Growth Regulators from Plants

    Chapter 124. Nematicidal Substances from Plants

    Chapter 125. Insect Control Using Natural Products

    Chapter 126. Purification and Properties of Silkworm Prothoracicotropic Hormone

    Chapter 127. Recent Discoveries in Insect Pheromone Chemistry

    Chapter 128. Stereochemical Evidence of Dual Chemoreceptors for an Achiral Sex Pheromone in Lepidoptera

    Chapter 129. Chemical Defence in the Termite Ancistroteemes Cavithorax

    Chapter 130. A Novel Insecticidal Secondary Metabolite from the Entomopathogenic Fungus Entomophthora Virulenta

    Chapter 131. Naturally-Occurring Plant Growth Inhibitors as Models for the Synthesis of New Growth Retardants

    Chapter 132. Plant Growth Regulators Produced by Microorganisms

    Chapter 133. Chemistry and Plant Growth Regulating Activity of Fusicoccin Derivatives and Analogs

    Chapter 134. Syntheses of Moniliformin and Related Cyclobutenediones

    Chapter 135. New Plant Growth Regulators from Higher Plants

    Chapter 136. The Influence of Antagonistic Fungi on the Spore Formation of Rust Fungi

    Chapter 137. The Role of the Source of Ethylene on the Development of an Abscission Layer in Olive Pedicels

    Chapter 138. Fungicidal Components of Creosote Bush Resin

    Chapter 139. Qualitative and Quantitative Analyses of Gibberellins in Higher Plants

    Chapter 140. Isolation and Identification of Insect Hormones At Physiological Levels

    Chapter 141. Electrophysiological Techniques in Insect Pheromone Studies

    Chapter 142. High Resolution C-13 and P-31 NMR Spectroscopy of Living Systems

    Chapter 143. Studies on Juvenile Hormone Control of Epidermal Commitment

    Chapter 144. Mechanisms of the Formation of "Activated" Oxygen Species ( O2, H2 O2 , Perferryl-Complex ) by Different Autoxidizable Electron Acceptors

    Chapter 145. Isolation of Molluscicidal Saponins and Other Bioactive Compounds by Droplet Counter-Current Chromatography (DCC)

    Chapter 146. Identification of the Cabbage Moth Sex Pheromone, Mamestra Brassicae L. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae

    Chapter 147. Stress Metabolites in Biosynthesis

    Chapter 148. Biosynthetic Studies with Carbon-13

    Chapter 149. Biosynthesis of Fungal Metabolites

    Chapter 150. Biosynthesis of Cyclonerodiol: Stereochemistry of the Conversion of Farnesyl to Nerolidyl Pyrophosphate

    Chapter 151. Biological Activity of Bacterial Metabolites and Their Interactions with Herbicides

    Chapter 152. Recent Studies on Insecticidal Properties Op Camphor, as a Promising Safe Pesticide

    Chapter 153. Population Regulating Strategy of Bean Weevils - Its Chemical Basis

    Chapter 154. Use of Some Plants to Control Mites and Nematodes

    Chapter 155. Pesticide from Coconut Oil

    Chapter 156. Some New Data in Research of Forest Insect's Pheromones

    Chapter 157. Complex Compounds Generating Products Vith Juvenile Hormone Activity

    Chapter 158. Thermal and Photodecomposition of Natural Pyrethrins and Related Compounds

    Main Topic IV: Biochemistry of Pests and Mode of Action of Pesticides

    Chapter 159. Transcuticular Movement of Xenobiotics

    Chapter 160. Movement of Xenobiotics in Plants - Perspectives

    Chapter 161. Uptake and Translocation of Foliar-Applied Herbicides Using an Ex-Plant Systim

    Chapter 162. Absorption and Translocation Structure Specificity of Phenoxy Herbicides by Gorse (Ulex Europaeus)

    Chapter 163. Physiological and Physicochemical Requisites for the Transport of Xenobiotics in Plants

    Chapter 164. The Weak Acid Hypothesis for Phloem Loading

    Chapter 165. The Uptake and Translocation of a New Systemic Fungicide, Rh2161

    Chapter 166. Some Patterns of Distribution of Systemic Pesticides in Small Trees and Hops

    Chapter 167. The Interaction of Pesticides with Gates, Receptors and Enzymes of the Nervous System

    Chapter 168. Chitin as a Target for Pesticide Action: Progress and Prospects

    Chapter 169. Formamidine Pesticides: a Novel Mechanism of Action in Lepidopterous Larvae

    Chapter 170. Mode of Action of Dipkenyletrers and Related Herbicides on Mosquito Larvae

    Chapter 171. Herbicide Interaction with Plant Biochemical Systems

    Chapter 172. Receptors for Plant Growth Regulators

    Chapter 173. Characterization of a Common Molecular Target for Selected Structures of Photosynthesis-Inhibiting Herbicides

    Chapter 174. Studies on the Mode of Action of Some A-Substituted Pyridine Compounds in Plants

    Chapter 175. Mechanistic Aspects of Pesticide Interactions

    Chapter 176. Hazards or Benefits from Interactions of Pesticide Residues

    Chapter 177. The Effect of Epn (O-Ethyl 0-P-Nitrophenyl Phenyl Phosphonothioate) on the Metabolism and Toxicity of Procaine in Nice

    Chapter 178. Drug Interactions: a Suggestion for a New Mathematical Approach

    Chapter 179. Pesticide Interactions with Naturally Occurring Food Components

    Chapter 180. Mechanisms and Significance of Herbicide Interactions with Other Chemicals in Plants

    Chapter 181. Resistance of Plants to Soil-Borne Pathogens Induced by Dinitroaniline Herbicides

    Chapter 182. The Inhibitory Effect of Chlorbromuron, Its Impurities and Breakdown Product on Microorganisms

    Chapter 183. Insecticide Dynamics: Introduction and Overview

    Chapter 184. Mode of Entry of Insecticides Which Act on the Central Nervous System

    Chapter 185. Accumulation of Insecticides and Attack on the Target

    Chapter 186. Pyrethroids - A Single Mode of Action?

    Chapter 187. Binding of Insecticides to Insect Macromolecules

    Chapter 188. Models of Insecticide Dynamics -Methods, Theoretical Aspects and Uses

    Chapter 189. Dynamics of Malathion and Malaoxon in Houseflies

    Chapter 190. Root Absorption and Translocation of DDT and Analogs in the Maize Plant

    Chapter 191. The Effect of Methylchlor and Lindane on DNA Amounts in Wheat and Maize Root Meristems

    Chapter 192. Behaviour of Lindane Applied to Coffee Plants

    Chapter 193. Chemical Characterisation of the Leaf Surface Microenvironment

    Chapter 194. Penetration, Translocation and Metabolism of C-14 Aminocarb Insecticide in Conifers

    Chapter 195. The Influence of Antiphytoviral Triazines and Other Substances on the Plasma Membranes of Virus-Infected Cells of Tobacco Plants

    Chapter 196. Relationship of Flea Mortality and Blood Concentrations of Phoxim and Chlorphoxim in Rats After Oral Dosage

    Chapter 197. The Chlorella-Test-System - A Complex of Methods for Standardized Analysis of Parameters of Potential Phytopharmaca

    Chapter 198. Long-Term Persistence of Fenitrothion in Jack Pine and Its Effects on a Non-Target Insect Species

    Chapter 199. Elicitation of Phytoalexins by Ozone and Herbicide Stress in Soybean and Navy Bean

    Chapter 200. The Common Action of Carbaryl Mixtures with Different Pesticides

    Chapter 201. The Effect of 2,4-D on Regeneration in Decapitated Sunflower Seedlings

    Chapter 202. A Novel Bisthiolcarbamate Compound (R-31026) Disrupts Adult Formation in Tribolium

    Chapter 203. Effects of Herbicides and Insecticides on Lipid Bilayer Structure

    Chapter 204. Effect on Mixed-Function Oxidase Activities in Insects by Host Plant Allelochemicals

    Chapter 205. on the Mechanism of Herbicidal Action Upon Legumenodule Symbiosis

    Chapter 206. A Classification Attempt on Patterns of Induction by Pesticidal Chemicals in the Rat Liver

    Chapter 207. Synthesis and Properties of an 125i Labelled Benzoquinone as an Inhibitor of Photosynthetic Electron Transport

    Chapter 208. Mode of Action of Chlordimeform [N'-(4-Chloro-O-Tolyl)-N',N'-Dimethylformamidine]

    Chapter 209. Effect of Monolinuron [3-(P-Chlorophenyl)-1-Methoxy-L-Methylurea] on Photosynthetic Activity of Pisum Sativum

    Chapter 210. Aryl Hydrazine and Imide Derivatives as Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors and Insecticides Against Culex Pipiens Larvae

    Chapter 211. Investigations of the Influence of Thidiazuron on the Intermediate Metabolic Pathway of Cotton

    Chapter 212. Studies of Peripheral Atpase Activity of the Central Nervous System of Periplaneta Americana L. And Its Activator Found in Haemolymph

    Chapter 213. Influence of EMD-It-5914 (Difunon) on Microalgae

    Chapter 214. Elucidation of Reaction Mechanism Involved in Malathion Inhibition of Cholinesterase from Horse and Human Serums

    Chapter 215. The Effect of Atrazine and Alachlor on Respiration and Nitrogen Metabolism in Panicum Crus-Galli

    Chapter 216. The Stereospecificity of Mammalian Cholinesterases in the Reaction with Organophosphorus Inhibitors

    Chapter 217. Estimating the Biological Activity of Pesticides

    Chapter 218. The Mode of Action of Anticholinesterase Insecticides on Earthworms

    Chapter 219. Mode of Action of Isophos-3

    Chapter 220. Acetylcholinesterase from Spring Grain Aphid Schizaphis Gramina Rond. Partial Purification and Some Properties

    Chapter 221. Mode of Action of Herbicide Benzimidazole Derivatives

    Chapter 222. The Influence of Chemical Pesticides Structure on Their Biological Action

    Chapter 223. Morphophysiological and Biochemical Changes of Soybean Plants (Glycine Max. L.) Treated with Herbicides Based on Chloramben, Alachlor, Trifluralin, Dibutalin, Oryzalin, Linuron and Metribuzin

    Chapter 224. Some New Data on Molecular Mechanisms of Action of Organophosphate Insecticides

    Chapter 225. The Influence of Fumigation of Soil Mix with Methyl Bromide Upon Development of Seedlings of Softwood Species

    Chapter 226. Novel Findings on the Activity of Diflubenzuron Against Eggs and Larvae of Four Lepidopteran Species

    Chapter 227. Will Genetic Resistance to Herbicides Appear in the Field?

    Chapter 228. Selective Action of 2,4,6-Trichloro-4'-Nitro-Diphenylether(Cnp) on Rice and Barnyardgrass

    Chapter 229. Mechanism of Action of Cyclic Imide Type Herbicides

    Chapter 230. Specific Factors Influencing the Antifungal Selectivity and Basipetal Transport of the Systemic Fungicide Triadimefon

    Chapter 231. Characterization of Monocrotophos Resistance in an Egyptian Race of Spodoptera Littoralis

    Chapter 232. The Role of Enhanced Non-Specific Esterase Activity in the Insecticide Resistance of the Green Rice Leafhopper

    Chapter 233. A Study of the Mechanism of Diamond-Back Moth Resistance to Diazinon and Methomyl

    Chapter 234. Mechanism of Selective Toxicity of Certain Organophosphorus Compounds in the Armyworm, Leucania Separata Walker

    Chapter 235. Pre-Existing and Selected Resistance to Synthetic Pyrethroids in Strains of the Cattle Tick {Boophilus Microplus

    Chapter 236. Diethylmesoxalate, a New Irreversible Inhibitor of Cholinesterases

    Chapter 237. Studies of the Esterase Mechanism of Resistance in Two Species of Arthropod to Acephate and Tetrachlorvinphos

    Chapter 238. Selective Toxicity of Some Organophosphorus Insectoacaricides and Their Effects on Esterase Activity of Spider and Predacious Mites

    Chapter 239. Sensibility of Various Insect Species Against Low Hydrogen Phosphide Concentrations

    Main Topic V: Pesticide Degradation

    Chapter 240. Oxidative Processes in Pesticide Transformation

    Chapter 241. Hydrolytic Mechanisms of Pesticide Degradation

    Chapter 242. Conjugation Reactions of Pesticides and/or Their Metabolites with Sugars

    Chapter 243. Conjugation Reactions with Amino Acids Including Glutathione

    Chapter 244. Metabolism of the Rice Herbicide, Ordram (Molinate), in the Rat

    Chapter 245. Investigations on the Degradation of Bentazone in Plant and Soil

    Chapter 246. Anaerobic Microsomal Metabolism of Lindane and Related Compounds: Reductive Dechlorination and Dehydrochlorination, Its Significance in the in Vivo Metabolism

    Chapter 247. Metabolism of Toxaphene and Its Components

    Chapter 248. The Significance of Light-Induced Pesticide Transformations

    Chapter 249. Chemical Conversion of Organophosphorous Pesticides in the Soil Medium

    Chapter 250. Photolysis of Some Herbicides in the Environment

    Chapter 251. The Chemical and Non-Chemical Decomposition of Linuron and Chlorbromuron in Different Types of Soils

    Chapter 252. The Relevance of Chemical Reactions in Modifying the Toxicity of Pesticides

    Chapter 253. Strategies for the Non-Biological Detoxification of Pesticides and Their Transformation Products

    Chapter 254. Transformation and Degradation of Pesticides with a Chlorinated Double Bond on Treatment with Ozone

    Chapter 255. Constituents of Commercial Methoxychlor (Dmdt, 2,2-Bis(P-Meth0xyphenyl)- 1,1,1-Trichloroethane)

    Chapter 256. Characteristics and Analysis of Soil Bound Pesticide Residues

    Chapter 257. Biochemical Influences in the Binding of Pesticides in the Soil

    Chapter 258. Studies on the Isolation and Identification of Extractable and Nonextractable Metabolites of the Insecticidal Carbamate Croneton

    Chapter 259. Plant Availability of Soil Bound Methabenzthiazuron Residues

    Chapter 260. The Significance of Soil Bound Pesticide Residues

    Chapter 261. Characteristics and Analysis of Bound Pesticide Residues in Plants

    Chapter 262. Formation and Characteristics of Bound Carbofuran Residues in Radish Roots

    Chapter 263. Regulatory Aspect of Bound Residues

    Chapter 264. The Use of Model Aquatic Ecosystems to Evaluate the Bioaccumulation of Pesticides

    Chapter 265. Factors Determining the Bioaccumulation Potential of Pesticides in the Individual Compartments of Aquatic Food Chains

    Chapter 266. Relationship Between Water Solubility, Soil-Sorption, Octanol-Water Partitioning, and Bioconcentration of Chemicals in Biota

    Chapter 267. Development and Evaluation of Mathematical Models Capable of Predicting the Fate and Movement of Pesticides in the Biosphere

    Chapter 268. Behaviour of Pesticides in Soil as Determined by Undisturbed Soil Cores and Lysimeter Systems

    Chapter 269. Retentive Capacity: an Index of Chemical Persistence Expressed in Terms of Chemical-Specific and Ecosystem-Specific Parameters

    Chapter 270. Use of Terrestrial Systems to Predict the Fate and Effects of Pesticides in Non-Target Organisms

    Chapter 271. Ecotoxicologic Profile Analysis - An Approach for Comparative Screening of the Environmental Behaviour of Pesticides

    Chapter 272. Microbial Metabolism of Methylthio-Substituted Phenols as Degradation Products of Thioaryl Organophosphorus Insecticides in Soil

    Chapter 273. Metabolism of Ionic Methylphosphonates: Bacterial Cleavage of the C-P Bond

    Chapter 274. Degradation of Synthetic Pyrethroid Insecticides (Permethrin and Cypermethrin) in Soil

    Chapter 275. Metabolic Fate of Cnp, a Diphenyl Ether Herbicide, in Soil and by Isolated Soil Microorganisms

    Chapter 276. Degradation of Trifluralin in Soil

    Chapter 277. Influence of Soil-Type and Rainfall on the Uptake of Aldicarb by Sugar-Beets

    Chapter 278. Metabolism of C 18 898 in Paddy Rice

    Chapter 279. Metabolism of C 19 490 in Paddy Rice

    Chapter 280. Fates of Fluoroimide [(4-Fluorophenyl)-2,3-Dichloromaleimide, Spartcide®] in Plant and Soils

    Chapter 281. Metabolism and Environmental Degradation of 4-[0- (0,0-Diethylphosphorothioyl)] Acetophenoneoxime-N'-Methylcarbamate (R-14805) by Rats, Water, and Sunlight

    Chapter 282. Fate and Behaviors of Phenothiol, S-Ethyl 4-Chloro-O-Tolyloxythioacetate, in Soils, Rice Plants and Rats

    Chapter 283. Metabolism of Cytrolane Mephosfolan Systemic Insecticide in Plants, Animals and the Environment

    Chapter 284. Metabolic Fate of a Conjugated Phenylurea-ß-Glucoside in Plants

    Chapter 285. Quantitative Evalution of Pesticide Behaviour in Closed, Ventilation Controlled Plant Cultivating Systems

    Chapter 286. New Aspects of the Metabolism of [L4c]Zineb on Lettuce

    Chapter 287. Comparative Degradation and Metabolism of Butonate, Trichlorphone and Dichlorvos

    Chapter 288. Fate of Etrimfos [0-(6-Ethoxy-2-Ethyl-4-Pyrimidinyl) O,O-Dimethyl Phosphorothioate] in the Rat and the Goat

    Chapter 289. Residue Transfer and Metabolism of Pirimicarb in Hens and a Goat

    Chapter 290. Degradation of Thidiazuron Cotton Defoliant and Its Photoproduct in Rats, Lactating Goats and Laying Hens

    Chapter 291. The Role of Enterohepatic Circulation in the Formation of the Metabolites of 2-Chloro-N-Isopropylacetanilide (Propachlor)

    Chapter 292. Biotransformations of Photoheptachlor in Rabbit

    Chapter 293. Ddt Degradation in Trout: Comparison with Mammalian Routes

    Chapter 294. A Simple Method for the Determination of the Photomineralization Rate of Pesticides as Solids or Adsorbed on Particulate Matter

    Chapter 295. The Fate of Fenitrothion in Model Aquatic Ecosystems

    Chapter 296. Device for Testing the Behaviour of Environmental Chemicals in Agrarian Ecology Systems

    Chapter 297. Metabolism of 2,5-L 14cj -Piperazine in Barley Plants

    Chapter 298. Free-Radical and Ionic Pathways in the Photochemical Breakdown of Organophosphate Pesticides

    Chapter 299. Photochemical Behaviour of Thidiazuron in Aqueous Solution

    Chapter 300. Enzymatic Cross-Coupling Between Pesticide Intermediates and Naturally Occuring Phenolic Compounds

    Chapter 301. Chemical Hydrolysis of 2-Chloro-4,6-Bis(Alkylamino)-L,3,5-Triazine Herbicides and Their Breakdown in Soil Under the Influence of Adsorption

    Chapter 302. Molecular Weight, Subunits and Multiple Forms of House Fly Glutathione S-Transferase

    Chapter 303. Thermal and Photochemical Decomposition of Herbicide Derivatives of N-Carbamoyl-N-Arylhydroxylamines

    Chapter 304. Purification and Characterization of a Parathion Hydrolysing Enzyme

    Chapter 305. Chromatographic Methods in the Evaluation of the Fate of Pesticides in the Biosphere

    Chapter 306. Cometabolism of DDT and Ordram

    Chapter 307. Comparative Biochemical Mechanisms of Juvenile Hormone and Juvenoid Degradation in Insects and Mammals

    Chapter 308. Structure-Activity Relationships for the Physical and Biological Degradation of DDT Analogs with Altered Aliphatic Moieties

    Chapter 309. Effects of Soil Components on the Acid-Base Equilibrium of S-Triazines

    Chapter 310. Fate of 14c-Labelled Carbendazim and 2-Aminobenzimidazole in Soil, Described by Their Degradation Rates.

    Chapter 311. The Influence of Edaphic Factors on the Relative Degradation Rates of Two Herbicides

    Chapter 312. Metabolism of Ortho-, Meta-, and Para-Polychlorinated Terphenyl Isomers in Hens

    Chapter 313. The Fate of Ethylene-Bis-Dithiocarbamate Residues in the Agricultural Environment

    Chapter 314. on the Problem of 1,2-Dichloroethane Metabolism in a Warmblooded Organism

    Chapter 315. Behaviour of Triazine Derivatives in Soil and Some Perennial Crops

    Chapter 316. Enzymic Degradation of Phosphorothionate Oxons in the Plasma of Species of Varying Susceptibility to Poisoning

    Chapter 317. The Effect of Moisture Content on the Interaction of Parathion with Clays

    Chapter 318. Pesticide Detoxifying Enzyme Systems for Industrial and Consumer Use

    Chapter 319. Pesticide Degradation by Atmospheric Oxidants

    Chapter 320. Distribution of Carbaryl and Propoxur in Rats

    Chapter 321. Studies on the Fate and Conversions of Insecticides in Agricultural Crops

    Chapter 322. The Fate of Dichlorvos in Soil Perfusion Systems

    Chapter 323. Photo-Ene-Reaction a New Intramolecular Isqmerisation Reaction of the Chlordane Derivatives

    Chapter 324. Efficacy Duration of Aldicarb in Comparison to Its Residue Dynamics

    Chapter 325. Interaction Between Atrazine and Montmorillonite

    Chapter 326. Transformation of Benomyl and Thiophanate-Methyl in Sterilized and Nonsterilized Soil

    Chapter 327. Oxidation of Parathion to Paraoxon in Soil Surface Dust as Affected by Atmospheric Conditions

    Chapter 328. Determination of Chlorfenvinphos, Parathion and Dimethoate in Rat Tissues After Acute Poisoning

    Chapter 329. Hydrolysis of O-Alkyl-O-Aryl-Phenylphosphonothioates

    Chapter 330. Microbial Degradation of Hydroxy-Derivatives of S-Triazine Herbicides

    Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 280
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1979
  • Published: January 1, 1979
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483182148

About the Editors

H. Geissbühler

P. C. Kearney

Affiliations and Expertise

USDA, Beltsville, MD, USA

G. T. Brooks

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