Advances in Oral Biology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483231174, 9781483282350

Advances in Oral Biology

1st Edition

Volume 1

Editors: Peter H. Staple
eBook ISBN: 9781483282350
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1964
Page Count: 368
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Description

Advances in Oral Biology, Volume 1, aims to facilitate communication between dental scientists by providing critical surveys of the state of knowledge in selected areas of biology that bear upon growth, development, and maintenance of normal function of oral tissues on the one hand, and on the other, departures from this norm that eventually become recognized as disease. The value of this broad approach is well illustrated by the contributions appearing in this first volume, wherein the authors show the extent to which a multidisciplined approach has led to the acquisition of new information about the structure, chemical composition, and function of oral tissues.
The book contains 11 chapters and opens with a discussion of salivary secretions. This is followed by separate chapters on movement and forces in tooth eruption; physiological concepts of mastication; studies of mucins and blood-group substances; cytochemical aspects of oxidative enzyme metabolism in gingival; and dynamics of supragingival calculus formation. Subsequent chapters deal with the effect of tetracycline on mineralization and growth; citrate in mineralized tissues; polarization microscopy of dental enamel; and changes in the properties and composition of the dentin matrix caused by dental caries.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Tentative Contents of Volume 2

Secretion of Saliva

I. Introduction

II. Collection of Saliva in Man

III. Postnatal Development and Maintenance of Salivary Gland Structure

IV. Energy Metabolism of Secretory Activity

V. Secretion of Electrolytes

VI. Summary

References

Movement and Forces in Tooth Eruption

I. Introduction

II. Nature of the System Being Studied

III. Hypothetical Forces of Eruption: Their Location and Action

References

Recent Concepts of the Physiology of Mastication

I. Introduction

II. The Purpose and Meaning of Mastication

III. Specialities of Chewing Movements and Jaw Muscles

IV. Functional Development of Stomatognathic Structures

V. Neuromuscular Mechanisms of Mastication

VI. Sensory Factors Controlling Masticatory Movements

VII. Summary

References

Recent Studies of Mucins and Blood-Group Substances

I. Historical

II. Recent Work with Salivary Mucins

III. Structural Studies of Mucins

References

Cytochemical Aspects of Oxidative Enzyme Metabolism in Gingiva

I. Background Considerations

II. Aerobic and Anaerobic Metabolism of Gingiva

III. The Oxidative Enzymes in Gingiva

IV. Concluding Remarks

References

Dynamics of Supragingival Calculus Formation

I. Introduction

II. Definitions

III. Structure of Old Dental Calculus

IV. Techniques for Collection of Early Calculus

V. Deposit Formation on Lower Incisors

VI. Deposit Formation during a 12-Day Observation Period

VII. Experimental Inhibition of Calculus Formation

VIII. Experimental Stimulation of Calculus Formation

IX. Outlook

References

The EfFect of Tetracycline on Mineralization and Growth

I. Introduction

II. Skeletal Structures

III. Tetracycline as a Marking Agent

IV. Mode of Action

V. Discussion

VI. Conclusion

References

Citrate in Mineralized Tissues

I. Introduction—Occurrence and Distribution of Citrate in Mineralized Tissues

II. Citrate in Bone and Teeth

III. Mineral Metabolism, Vitamin D, Parathyroids, and Citrate in Bone

IV. Changes in the Citrate Content of Blood and Bone in Response to the Addition of Vitamin D and/or Calcium to Rats Receiving Deficient Diets

V. Histological Observations in Relation to Varying Citrate Concentrations in Bone

VI. The in Vitro Metabolism of Citrate in Bone Samples

VII. The Possible Function of Citrate in the Metabolism of Bone

VIII. Summary

References

Polarization Microscopy of Dental Enamel with Reference to Incipient Carious Lesions

I. Introduction

II. Historical Account

III. Ultrastructure of Enamel

IV. General Aspects of Polarization Microscopy of Enamel

V. Optical Properties of Enamel

VI. Interpretation of the Polarization Optical Image of Enamel

VII. Concluding Remarks

References

The Relationships of Surface Active Agents, the Enamel Surface and Dental Caries

I. Introduction

II. Surface-Active Agents

III. The Nature of the Tooth Surface

IV. Antibacterial Effects of Surface-Active Agents

V. Surf ace-Active Substances as Enzyme Inhibitors

VI. Actions on the Tooth Surface

VII. Dentifrices

References

Modifications of the Properties and Composition of the Dentin Matrix Caused by Dental Caries

I. Introduction

II. Changes in the Chemical Composition of the Dentin Matrix during Caries

III. The Altered Collagenase Susceptibility of Carious Dentin

IV. The State of the Basic Groups in Carious Dentin

V. Brown Pigmentation in Dentin Caries

VI. Fluorescence Changes in Dentin Caries

VII. The Possible Role of Carbohydrate in Dentin Modifications during Caries

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
368
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1964
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483282350

About the Editor

Peter H. Staple