Advances in Irrigation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120243020, 9781483215266

Advances in Irrigation

1st Edition

Volume 2

Editors: Daniel Hillel
eBook ISBN: 9781483215266
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th September 1983
Page Count: 444
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Advances in Irrigation, Volume 2 covers topics on the developments in the science and practice of irrigation. The book presents articles on irrigation scheduling and applied timing criteria; the problem of energy utilization and management in irrigation; and the relationship between irrigation requirements and crop response in terms of crop-water production functions. The text also includes articles on the development and prospects of irrigation in Australia, as well as the application of a plant-environment model to problems in irrigation. The economic analysis of on-farm irrigation using response functions of crops and irrigation scheduling based on a dynamic crop response model are also encompassed. Industrial engineers, agronomists, economists, agriculturists, hydrologists, hydraulic engineers, and agricultural engineers will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents

Contributors to This Volume


Contents of Volume 1

Irrigation Scheduling: Applied Timing Criteria

I. Introduction

II. Fundamental Scheduling Concepts

III. Parameter Thresholds as Timing Criteria

IV. Concluding Remarks


Energy Utilization and Management in Irrigation

I. Introduction

II. Energy Used in Irrigation

III. Energy Management Practices Available to Irrigators

IV. Economic Considerations of Alternative Irrigation Management Practices

V. Future Energy Sources

VI. Summary


Crop-Water Production Functions

I. Introduction

II. A Review of Agronomic and Physiological Production Functions

III. A Review of Economic Production Functions

IV. An Assessment of the Crop-Water Production Function Literature

V. Conclusions


Irrigation in Australia: Development and Prospects

I. Development of Irrigation

II. Current Efficiency of Irrigation Agriculture

III. Salinity Problems Associated with Irrigation Development

IV. Biological Limitations to Productivity

V. Prospects for Improvement

VI. Conclusions


Application of a Plant-Environment Model to Problems in Irrigation

I. Introduction

II. Brief Description of the Model Cupid

III. Model Comparison with Field Measurements

IV. Water and Energy Budgets during an Irrigation Cycle

V Influence of Irrigation on Leaf Wetness Duration

VI. Comparison of Cupid with Simpler Models

VII. Discussion


Field Variability of Soil Physical Properties

I. Introduction

II. Spatial Variation in Field Soils

III. Scaling Theory and Applications

IV. Steady Flow in Nonuniform Soils

V. Nonsteady Flow in Nonuniform Soils

VI. Concluding Remarks

List of Symbols


Economic Analysis of On-Farm Irrigation Using Response Functions of Crops

I. Introduction

II. The "Macro" Response or Production Function in an Individual Crop with a Fixed Intraseasonal Distribution of Water

III. Incorporation of the "Macro" Response Functions into Farm Production and Irrigation Planning

IV. "Dated" Crop Response Functions to Irrigation and Soil Moisture

V. Irrigation Scheduling: Optimization of Timing and Quantities of Irrigation Water

Appendix. Application of Linear Programming to Optimal Crop Selection and Irrigation Regimes


Irrigation Scheduling Based on a Dynamic Crop Response Model

I. Introduction

II. The Dynamic Crop Response Model

III. A Test of the Model's Validity

IV. The Decision Rationale for Irrigation Scheduling


A Model of Root Growth and Water Uptake Accounting for Photosynthesis, Respiration, Transpiration, and Soil Hydraulics

I. Introduction

II. Conceptual Basis

III. Governing Equations and Model Structure

IV. Simulation Trials

V. Discussion

Appendix A. Source Code in CSMP

Appendix B. Source Code in ACSL

Appendix C. Glossary of Terms Used in Computer Model


Techniques for Estimating Irrigation Water Requirements

I. Introduction

II. Common Methods of Estimating Evapotranspiration

III. Climatic Calibration of Estimating Methods

IV. Applications of Microprocessors and Microcomputers

V. Sample Calculations


Evapotranspiration Obtained from Remote Sensing Methods

I. Introduction

II. Evapotranspiration Models

III. Crop Stress Measurements by Infrared Thermometry

IV. Crop Water Stress with Spectral Measurements

V. Crop Water Status with Microwave Techniques

VI. Application of Remote Sensing with Traditional Methods




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© Academic Press 1983
Academic Press
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About the Editor

Daniel Hillel

Born in California and raised in Israel, Dr. Daniel Hillel acquired an early and lifelong love of the land and a commitment to understanding and protecting the natural environment. Through decades of work in some thirty countries, he has become an international authority on sustainable management of land and water resources. Dr. Hillel has served as professor of soil physics, hydrology and the environmental sciences at leading universities in the U.S. and abroad, and has been a consultant to the World Bank and the United Nations. Among the honors he has received are the Chancellor's Medal for Exemplary Service at the University of Massachusetts , a Guggenheim award, and Doctorates of Science honoris causa by Guelph University of Canada and Ohio State University . Dr. Hillel is an elected Fellow of the American Association for Advancement of Science, the American Geophysical Union, the Soil Science Society of America, and the American Society of Agronomy and was granted the Distinguished Service Award by the latter societies. He has published well over 300 scientific papers and research reports, and authored or edited twenty two books. His definitive textbooks on environmental physics have been use by universities and research institutions throughout the world and have been translated into twelve languages.

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept. of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Ratings and Reviews