Advances in Filament Yarn Spinning of Textiles and Polymers - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780857094995, 9780857099174

Advances in Filament Yarn Spinning of Textiles and Polymers

1st Edition

Editors: Dong Zhang
eBook ISBN: 9780857099174
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857094995
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 28th January 2014
Page Count: 230
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Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

Introduction

Part I: General issues

1. Synthetic polymer fibers and their processing requirements

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Chemistry of fiber-forming polymers

1.3 Polymerization processes

1.4 Influence of chemical structure on the physical properties of chemicals and fibers

1.5 Effects of molecular weight on fiber spinnability, structure and properties

1.6 Flow properties of polymers

1.7 Principles of solidification during fiber formation

1.8 Fiber formation techniques

1.9 Post-fiber formation treatments

1.10 Current trends

1.11 Conclusion

1.12 References

2. Understanding the behaviour of synthetic polymer fibres during spinning

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Molten state rheology of thermoplastic polymers

2.3 Polymer behaviour during cooling and resulting fibre structure

2.4 Polymer behaviour during filament spinning

2.5 The die swell phenomenon

2.6 Drawing of polymers: changes in morphology and properties of filaments

2.7 References

3. Technologies for the manufacture of synthetic polymer fibers

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Textile filament and bulk continuous fiber (BCF) spinning

3.3 Staple fiber spinning

3.4 Industrial fiber spinning equipment

3.5 Monofilament fiber equipment

3.6 Bicomponent fiber equipment

3.7 Spunbond lines

3.8 Melt blown processes

3.9 Solvent spinning lines

3.10 Hollow fiber membranes

3.11 Gel spinning

3.12 Nano-fiber spinning

3.13 Conclusion

3.14 References

Part II: Spinning techniques

4. Melt spinning of synthetic polymeric filaments

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Fundamentals of melt spinning

4.3 Modeling of polymer flows in melt spinning

4.4 Filament interaction with the environment in melt spinning

4.5 Limitations of melt spinning

4.6 Developments in melt spinning

4.7 Future trends

4.8 Conclusion

4.9 Sources of further information and advice

4.10 References

5. Gel spinning of synthetic polymer fibres

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Factors affecting the spinning of polymers: entanglement

5.3 Factors affecting fibre strength

5.4 Gel spinning technologies

5.5 Types of fibres produced using gel spinning

5.6 Factors affecting gel spinning

5.7 Gel spun textile products

5.8 Conclusion and future trends

5.9 References

6. Bi-component and bi-constituent spinning of synthetic polymer fibres

Abstract:

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Classification of bi-component fibres

6.3 Spinning technologies

6.4 Factors affecting bi-component and bi-constituent spinning

6.5 Applications of bi-component fibres

6.6 Future trends

6.7 References

7. Electrospinning, processing and characterization of polymer-based nano-composite fibers

Abstract:

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Principles of electrospinning

7.3 Electrospinning technology

7.4 Electrospinning of nanofibers

7.5 Properties of electrospun nanofibers

7.6 Conclusion

7.7 References

8. Integrated composite spinning (ICS)

Abstract:

8.1 Introduction

8.2 The background and history of integrated composite spinning (ICS)

8.3 The development of ICS technology

8.4 The impact of material selection and processing parameters on ICS yarn properties

8.5 Commercialization of the process

8.6 Assessing the advantages and disadvantages of ICS technology

8.7 Future trends

8.8 Conclusion

8.9 References

9. Wet spinning of synthetic polymer fibers

Abstract:

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Principles of wet spinning

9.3 Types of fibers used

9.4 Fiber properties

9.5 Factors affecting wet spinning

9.6 Applications and future trends

9.7 References

10. Dry spinning of synthetic polymer fibers

Abstract:

10.1 Introduction

10.2 The dry spinning process

10.3 Characteristics of dry spun fibers

10.4 Variables in dry spinning

10.5 Dry spinning of acrylic fibers

10.6 Dry spinning of cellulose acetate and triacetate

10.7 Dry spinning of other fibers: polybenzimidazole (PBI), spandex and polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

10.8 Conclusion and future trends

10.9 References

Index


Description

Advances in Filament Yarn Spinning of Textiles and Polymers reviews the different types of spinning techniques for synthetic polymer-based fibers, and issues such as their effect on fiber properties, including melt, dry, wet, and gel spinning.

Synthetic polymer-based fibers are used in a great variety of consumer and industrial textile applications ranging from clothing to home furnishings to surgical procedures. This book explores how a wide array of spinning techniques can be applied in the textile industry. Part one considers the fundamental structure and properties of fibers that determine their behavior during spinning. The book then discusses developments in technologies for manufacturing synthetic polymer films to produce different fibers with specialized properties. Part two focuses on spinning techniques, including the benefits and limitations of melt spinning and the use of gel spinning to produce high-strength and high-elastic fibers. These chapters focus specifically on developments in bi-component, bi-constituent, and electro-spinning, in particular the fabrication of nanocomposite fibers. The final chapters review integrated composite spinning of yarns and the principles of wet and dry spinning.

This collection is an important reference for a wide range of industrial textile technologists, including spinners, fabric and garment manufacturers, and students of textile technology. It is also of great interest for polymer scientists.

Key Features

  • Reviews the different spinning techniques and issues such as their effect on fiber properties, including melt, dry, wet, and gel spinning
  • Considers the fundamental structure and properties of fibers that determine their behavior during spinning
  • Reviews integrated composite spinning of yarns and the principles of wet and dry spinning

Readership

Industrial textile technologists, including spinners, fabric and garment manufacturers and students of textile technology


Details

No. of pages:
230
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857099174
Hardcover ISBN:
9780857094995

Reviews

"Textile researchers explain recent developments and current practices in spinning synthetic polymers into fibers for use in textiles. Their topics are understanding synthetic polymer fibers and their processing requirements, understanding the behavior of synthetic polymer fibers during spinning, technologies for manufacturing synthetic polymer fibers…"--ProtoView.com, April 2014


About the Editors

Dong Zhang Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Textile Research Associates