Advances in Biological and Medical Physics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483231082, 9781483281797

Advances in Biological and Medical Physics

1st Edition

Volume 9

Editors: John H. Lawrence John W. Gofman
eBook ISBN: 9781483281797
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1963
Page Count: 506
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Description

Advances in Biological and Medical Physics, Volume 9, provides an overview of the state of knowledge in biological and medical physics. The book contains seven chapters and opens with a discussion of the biological synthesis of proteins and some of the recent experimental work concerned with these steps. This is followed by separate chapters on advances in the definition and classification of human chromosomal aberrations; tissue transplantation; the use of the microbeam in radiobiology; electron paramagnetic resonance studies; the polarimetric study of protein structures; and the analysis of biological similarity.

Table of Contents


Contributors to Volume 9

Some Recent Advances in Studies of the Transcription of the Genetic Message

I. Introduction

II. The Amino Acid Code

III. The Relation between the DNA Base Composition and the Amino Acid Composition of Bacteria

IV. Changes in Coding Triplets during Evolution

V. Transfer-RNA (s-RNA, Amino Acid-Acceptor RNA)

References

Human Chromosomal Aberration

I. Introduction

II. Techniques

III. Normal Human Chromosome Morphology

IV. Types of Chromosomal Abnormality

V. Observed Chromosomal Abnormality

VI. Further Consideration of Sex Chromosomal and Autosomal Anomaly

VII. Chromosomal Abnormality in Leukemia

VIII. Chromosomal Abnormality in Other Diseases

IX. Conclusion

References

Tissue Transplantation

I. Introduction

II. Glossary

III. The Trauma of Transplantation

IV. Basic Genetic Considerations

V. The Homograft Reaction

VI. "Conditioning" of the Graft

VII. Nonspecific "Conditioning" of the Host

VIII. Specific "Conditioning" of the Host

IX. The Clinical Problem

X. Perspectives

References

The Microbeam as a Tool in Radiobiology

I. Introduction

II. Apparatus

III. Dose Calibrations

IV. Studies with Microbeams

V. The Cosmic Ray Problem

VI. Summary and Conclusions

References

Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Studies of Biological Interest

I. Introduction

II. Basic Theory

III. Free Radical Studies of Irradiated Molecules

IV. Enzymatic Reactions

V. Photoinduced Free-Spin Species

VI. Triplet State Studies

References

Polarimetric Analysis of Protein Structure

I. Introduction

II. Physical Basis of Optical Rotation

III. Drude and Moffitt Equations

IV. Sources of Optical Rotation in Proteins

V. Optical Rotatory Parameters of Proteins

References

The Analysis of Biological Similarity

I. Introduction

II. Mathematical Aspects of Similarity and Dimensions

III. Biological Similarity

IV. Similarity Analysis of the Mammalian Respiratory System

V. The Hydrodynamics of Blood Flow

VI. Artificial Organs

VII. Similarity Studies of Mammalian Kinematics

VIII. Growth and Growth Potentials

IX. Concluding Remarks

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
506
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1963
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483281797

About the Editor

John H. Lawrence

John W. Gofman