Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Volume 4

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Editor: Michael B Schiffer
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214818

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Description

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 4 presents the progressive explorations in methods and theory in archeology. This book discusses the increasing application of surface collection in cultural resource management. Organized into eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the fundamental aspects of archeoastronomy and explains what kinds of testable hypotheses that archeoastronomy generates. This text then examines the general implications for the study of cultural complexity. Other chapters consider the use of surface artifacts by archeologists to locate sites, establish regional culture histories, and to know where to excavate within sites. This book discusses as well the interpretative interfaces between archeology on the one hand, and ethnohistory and ethnology on the other, that is based on a theoretical stance advocating a fundamental holistic approach to anthropology. The final chapter deals with understanding the ecology of ancient organisms. This book is a valuable resource for archeologists and anthropologists.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Contents of Previous Volumes

    1 Archaeoastronomy

    Introduction

    The Astronomical and Technical Background for Archaeoastronomical Studies

    The Frontiers of Archaeoastronomical Research

    Summary: The Future of Archaeoastronomy

    Appendix A: Azimuth Finder Computer Program

    Appendix B: Azimuth-Declination Predictor Computer Program for TI-59 Calculator

    References

    2 Explaining the Evolution of Cultural Complexity: A Review

    Introduction

    Explanation and the Concept of Cultural Complexity

    Cultural Evolutionism

    Cultural Materialism, Marxist Structuralism, and Dialectical Materialism

    General Systems Theory, Hierarchy Theory, Information Theory, and Catastrophe Theory

    Toward an Evolutionary Explanation of Cultural Complexity

    Conclusions

    References

    3 Archaeology, Ethnohistory, and Ethnology: Interpretive Interfaces

    Introduction

    Analogy and Archaeology

    Historical Review

    Material Culture Interests: The New Dimensions

    Archaeology and Ethnohistory: The Written Word

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    4 Seasonality Studies

    Introduction

    Methods of Seasonality Estimation

    Discussion

    Synthesis

    Conclusion

    References

    5 Isotopic Discrimination and Correction Factors in Radiocarbon Dating

    Introduction

    Possible Correction Factors

    Extending the Temporal Horizons of Radiocarbon Dating

    Concluding Remarks

    References

    6 The Expanding Role of Surface Assemblages in Archaeological Research

    Introduction

    Formation Processes of Surface Assemblages

    Arguments Against Use of Surface Materials

    The Expanding Role of Surface Material

    Contributions of Intensive Surface Collection

    Conclusions

    References

    7 Developments and Directions in Geoarchaeology

    What Is Geoarchaeology?

    Geoarchaeology in Practice

    Directions for Geoarchaeology

    Concluding Remarks

    References

    8 Taphonomy and Paleoecology: A Critical Review of Archaeology’s Sister Disciplines

    Introduction

    Historical Background

    Current Problems of Method and Theory in Taphonomy and Paleoecology

    Practical Aspects of Vertebrate Taphonomy of Use to Archaeologists

    Conclusions

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 456
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214818

About the Editor

Michael B Schiffer

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