Advances in Agronomy - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124202252, 9780127999289

Advances in Agronomy, Volume 123

1st Edition

Serial Editors: Donald Sparks
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124202252
eBook ISBN: 9780127999289
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 14th January 2014
Page Count: 300
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Table of Contents

Contributors

Preface

Chapter One. Bioavailability, Toxicity, and Fate of Manufactured Nanomaterials in Terrestrial Ecosystems

Abstract

1 Manufactured Nanomaterials in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Emerging Contaminant?

2 Environmental Transformations of MNMs

3 Bioaccumulation, Toxicity, and Trophic Transfer of MNMs

4 Toxicity and Bioaccumulation of MNMs by Terrestrial Plants

5 Toxicity of MNMs to Terrestrial Plants

6 Uptake and Toxicity of MNMs to Soil Bacteria

7 Fungal Bioaccumulation and Mycotoxicity of MNMs

8 Uptake and Toxicity of MNMs to Soil Invertebrates

9 Dietary Uptake and Trophic Transfer of Nanoparticles in Terrestrial Ecosystems

10 Conclusion and Future Direction

References

Chapter Two. Global Warming and Its Possible Impact on Agriculture in India

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming

3 Agents of Global Warming

4 Evidence for Climate Change and Impacts on Agriculture

5 Projected Climate Change in India

6 Impact of Global Warming on Agriculture and the Food Supply

7 Key Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies to Reduce the Effects of Climate Change

8 Conclusions

Acknowledgment

References

Chapter Three. Today's Use of Haploids in Corn Plant Breeding

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Methods to Produce Haploids in Maize

3 Characteristics of Maize Haploids

4 Inducing and Doubling Maternal Haploids to Produce Doubled Haploids (Instant Inbreds)

5 Utilizing Paternal Haploids for Converting Male-Fertile Lines into Cytoplasmic Male-Sterile Lines

6 Comparing the Maternal Haploid and Paternal Haploid Systems

7 Concluding Statement

References

Chapter Four. Major Issues of Diffuse Reflectance NIR Spectroscopy in the Specific Context of Soil Carbon Content Estimation: A Review

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Theoretical Concepts Underlying Multivariate Calibration Based on Near-Infrared Spectra

3 Does Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy Satisfy the Assumptions of the Linear Multivariate Calibration Methods When Applied on Soils?

4 Impacts on the Metrological Quality of the Prediction

5 Data Pretreatment Help to Fulfill the Assumptions of Linear Multivariate Calibrations

6 Other Calibration Strategies as an Alternative to Linear Models

7 General Conclusions

References

Chapter Five. Phosphorus: Its Efficient Use in Agriculture

Abstract

1 Background

2 Plant Availability of Soil and Fertilizer Phosphorus

3 Changes in Thinking About the Behavior of Soil and Fertilizer Phosphorus

4 A New Model to Describe the Behavior of Soil and Fertilizer Phosphorus

5 Critical Level of Plant-Available Phosphorus in Soil

6 Methods for Assessing the Efficiency of Use of Soil and Fertilizer Phosphorus

7 Availability of Other Plant Nutrients, Soil Conditions, and Agronomic Management on the Efficient Use of Phosphorus in Agriculture

8 Efficient Use of Phosphorus in Agriculture

9 Summary

Acknowledgments

References

Further Reading

Chapter Six. Decision Support Systems to Manage Irrigation in Agriculture

Abstract

Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Decision Support Systems

3 DSS Application in Agriculture

4 Use of DSS for Managing Irrigation

5 Examples of DSS Application in Agriculture

6 Examples of DSS Application to Manage Irrigation

7 Discussions

8 Conclusions

List of Web Pages of DSS Applied For Irrigation

Acknowledgments

References

Index


Description

Advances in Agronomy continues to be recognized as a leading reference and a first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. As always, the subjects covered are varied and exemplary of the myriad of subject matter dealt with by this long-running serial.

Key Features

  • Maintains the highest impact factor among serial publications in agriculture
  • Presents timely reviews on important agronomy issues
  • Enjoys a long-standing reputation for excellence in the field

Readership

Professionals, researchers, students, and government involved in agronomy, crop & soil sciences, plant science, and environmental sciences


Details

No. of pages:
300
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780127999289
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124202252

About the Serial Editors

Donald Sparks Serial Editor

Donald L. Sparks is the S. Hallock du Pont Chair in Soil and Environmental Chemistry, Francis Alison Professor and Director of the Delaware Environmental Institute at the University of Delaware. He is internationally recognized for his landmark research on the kinetics and mechanisms of metal/oxyanion/nutrient reactions at biogeochemical interfaces. His pioneering studies on kinetic processes in soils and minerals include the development of widely used and novel kinetic methods, elucidation of rate-limiting steps and mechanisms over a range of spatial and temporal scales, and coupling of real-time kinetic studies with in-situ molecular scale investigations. His discoveries on the speciation, formation rates and stability mechanisms of metal hydroxide surface precipitates, and their role in the retention and bioavailability of toxic metals in the terrestrial environment, have received worldwide attention. This research has led to more effective soil remediation strategies and predictive models. He is the author or coauthor of 286 publications. These include: 11 edited books, 53 book chapters, and 219 refereed papers. He is the author of two widely adopted textbooks, Kinetics of Soil Chemical Processes and Environmental Soil Chemistry (two editions) published by Academic Press. Dr. Sparks is an ISI Highly Cited Researcher; his research has been cited more than 8380 times and his h-index is 53 (Web of Science). Dr. Sparks has served as editor of Advances in Agronomy since 1991, having edited 77 volumes. He has given over 200 invited presentations at scientific conferences throughout the world, and been a lecturer at 98 universities and institutes in North America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. He has received numerous honors and awards including Fellow of five scientific societies, national and international research awards, distinguished fellowships and lectureships, and teaching and mentoring awards. He has advised 90 graduate students and postdoctoral researchers and been the recipient of more than $50 million in research funding. He served as President of both the Soil Science Society of America and the International Union of Soil Sciences.

Affiliations and Expertise

S. Hallock du Pont Chair in Soil and Environmental Chemistry and Director, Delaware Environmental Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA