Description

Membrane materials allow for the selective separation of gas and vapour and for ion transport. Materials research and development continues to drive improvements in the design, manufacture and integration of membrane technologies as critical components in both sustainable energy and clean industry applications. Membrane utilisation offers process simplification and intensification in industry, providing low-cost, and efficient and reliable operation, and contributing towards emissions reductions and energy security. Advanced membrane science and technology for sustainable energy and environmental applications presents a comprehensive review of membrane utilisation and integration within energy and environmental industries.

Part one introduces the topic of membrane science and engineering, from the fundamentals of membrane processes and separation to membrane characterization and economic analysis. Part two focuses on membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in coal and gas power plants, including pre- and post-combustion and oxygen transport technologies. Part three reviews membranes for the petrochemical industry, with chapters covering hydrocarbon fuel, natural gas and synthesis gas processing, as well as advanced biofuels production. Part four covers membranes for alternative energy applications and energy storage, such as membrane technology for redox and lithium batteries, fuel cells and hydrogen production. Finally, part five discusses membranes utilisation in industrial and environmental applications, including microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and forward osmosis, as well as water, wastewater and nuclear power applications.

With its distinguished editors and team of expert contributors, Advanced membrane science and technology for sustainable energy and environmental applications is an essential reference for membrane and materials engineers and manufacturers, as well as researchers and academics interested in this field.

Key Features

  • Presents a comprehensive review of membrane science and technology, focusing on developments and applications in sustainable energy and clean-industry
  • Discusses the fundamentals of membrane processes and separation and membrane characterization and economic analysis
  • Addresses the key issues of membrane utilisation in coal and gas power plants and the petrochemical industry, the use of membranes for alternative energy applications and membrane utilisation in industrial and environmental applications

Readership

Membrane and materials engineers and manufacturers, as well as researchers and academics interested in this field.

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Preface

Part I: Introduction to membrane science and engineering

Chapter 1: Fundamental membrane processes, science and engineering

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Membrane processes

1.3 Conclusions and future trends

Chapter 2: Fundamental science of gas and vapour separation in polymeric membranes

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Basic principles and definitions of separation processes

2.3 Effects of the properties of penetrants and polymers

2.4 Effects of pressure on transport parameters

2.5 Effects of temperature on transport parameters

2.6 Gas permeability of polymers: objects of membrane gas separation

2.8 Appendix: list of symbols

Chapter 3: Characterization of membranes for energy and environmental applications

Abstract:

3.1 Polymer and carbon molecular sieve membranes

3.2 Zeolite and mixed matrix membranes

3.3 Mass transport characterization

3.4 Conclusions

3.6 Appendix: list of symbols

Chapter 4: Economic analysis of membrane use in industrial applications

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Economic analysis

4.3 Case studies

4.4 Conclusions and future trends

Part II: Membranes for coal and gas power plants: carbon dioxide (CO2) capture, synthesis gas processing and oxygen (O2) transport

Chapter 5: Membrane technology for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in power plants

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Reasons for using membranes for carbon dioxide (CO2) separation and sequestration

5.3 A short review of membrane technology for CO2 separation

5.4 Performance of membrane processes for CO2 sequestration

5.5 Membrane modules for CO2 sequestration

5.6 Design for power plant integration

5.7 Co

Details

No. of pages:
848
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857093790
Print ISBN:
9781845699697
Print ISBN:
9780081016909

About the editors

Angelo Basile

Basile, a Chemical Engineer, is a senior Researcher at the ITM-CNR where is responsible of the researches related to both the ultra-pure hydrogen production CO2 capture using Pd-based Membrane Reactors. Angelo Basile’s h-index is 36, with 187 document results (April 1st, 2016, www.scopus.com). He has 130 scientific papers in peer to peer journals and 230 papers in international congresses; editor/author of 27 scientific books and 80 chapters on international books on membrane science and technology; 6 Italian patents, 2 European patents and 5 worldwide patents. He is referee of 92 international scientific journals and Member of the Editorial Board of 18 of them. Basile is also Editor associate of the Int. J. Hydrogen Energy and Editor-in.-chief of the Int. J. Membrane Science & Technol. and Editor-in-chief of Membrane Processes (Applications), a section of the international journal Membranes: Basile also prepared 25 special issues on membrane science and technology for many international journals (IJHE, Chem Eng. J., Cat. Today, etc.). He participated to and was/is responsible of many national and international projects on membrane reactors and membrane science. Basile served as Director of the ITM-CNR during the period Dec. 2008 – May 2009. In the last years, he was tutor of 30 Thesis for master and Ph.D. students at the Chemical Engineering Department of the University of Calabria (Italy). Form 2014, Basile is Full Professor of Chemical Engineering Processes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Researcher, Institute on Membrane Technology (ITM) Italian National Research Council (CNR), Italy

Suzana Pereira Nunes

Dr Suzana Pereira Nunes is Principal Research Scientist at the Centre for Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The editors are renowned for their research and development of advanced membrane technologies.

Affiliations and Expertise

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia