Advanced Fluoride-Based Materials for Energy Conversion - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128006795, 9780128007129

Advanced Fluoride-Based Materials for Energy Conversion

1st Edition

Editors: Tsuyoshi Nakajima Henri Groult
eBook ISBN: 9780128007129
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128006795
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 11th May 2015
Page Count: 458
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Advanced Fluoride-Based Materials for Energy Conversion provides thorough and applied information on new fluorinated materials for chemical energy devices, exploring the electrochemical properties and behavior of fluorinated materials in lithium ion and sodium ion batteries, fluoropolymers in fuel cells, and fluorinated carbon in capacitors, while also exploring synthesis applications, and both safety and stability issues.

As electronic devices, from cell phones to hybrid and electric vehicles, are increasingly common and prevalent in modern lives and require dependable, stable chemical energy devices with high-level functions are becoming increasingly important. As research and development in this area progresses rapidly, fluorine compounds play a critical role in this rapid progression. Fluorine, with its small size and the highest electronegativity, yields stable compounds under various conditions for utilization as electrodes, electrolytes, and membranes in energy devices.

The book is an ideal reference for the chemist, researcher, technician, or academic, presenting valuable, current insights into the synthesis of fluorine compounds and fluorination reactions using fluorinating agents.

Key Features

  • Provides thorough and applied information on new fluorinated materials for chemical energy devices
  • Describes the emerging role of stable energy devices with high-level functions and the research surrounding the technology
  • Ideal for the chemist, research, technician, or academic seeking current insights into the synthesis of fluorine compounds and fluorination reactions using fluorinating agents


Inorganic fluorine chemists and electrochemists: industry researchers and technicians, university professors and graduate students, researchers and technicians of research institutes

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. High Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Fluorinated Compounds
    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. Stabilization of Lithiated Anodes
    • 1.3. Fluorinated Redox Shuttles
    • 1.4. High Voltage Electrolytes
    • 1.5. Closing Remarks
  • Chapter 2. Electrochemical Behavior of Surface-Fluorinated Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Battery
    • 2.1. Surface Fluorination of LiFePO4
    • 2.2. Surface Fluorination of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4
    • 2.3. Summary
  • Chapter 3. Fluoride Cathodes for Secondary Batteries
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Metal Fluorides for Electrochemical Energy Storage
    • 3.3. Metal Fluorides for Lithium Batteries
    • 3.4. Metal Fluorides for Fluoride Ion Batteries
    • 3.5. Perspective
  • Chapter 4. Fluorosulfates and Fluorophosphates As New Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Battery
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. General Considerations
    • 4.3. Fluorophosphates
    • 4.4. Fluorosulfates
    • 4.5. Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 5. Fluorohydrogenate Ionic Liquids, Liquid Crystals, and Plastic Crystals
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Structural Properties of Fluorohydrogenate Anions
    • 5.3. Fluorohydrogenate Ionic Liquids
    • 5.4. Fluorohydrogenate Ionic Liquid Crystals
    • 5.5. Fluorohydrogenate Ionic Plastic Crystals
  • Chapter 6. Novel Fluorinated Solvents and Additives for Lithium-Ion Batteries
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Lithium Conductive Salts: Polyfluorinated Lithium Sulfonates
    • 6.3. Solvents and Cosolvents for Electrolyte Systems
    • 6.4. Overcharge Protecting Agents: PF5–Carbene Adducts
  • Chapter 7. Safety Improvement of Lithium Ion Battery by Organofluorine Compounds
    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Organofluorine Compounds
    • 7.3. Differential Scanning Calorimetry Study on the Thermal Stability of Fluorine Compound-Mixed Electrolyte Solutions
    • 7.4. Electrochemical Oxidation Stability of Fluorine Compound-Mixed Electrolyte Solutions
    • 7.5. Charge/Discharge Behavior of Natural Graphite Electrodes in Fluorine Compound-Mixed Electrolyte Solutions
    • 7.6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. Artificial SEI for Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes: Impact of Fluorinated and Nonfluorinated Additives
    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. Application to TiSnSb Anodes
    • 8.3. Conclusion
  • Chapter 9. Surface Modification of Carbon Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries by Fluorine and Chlorine
    • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.2. Effect of Surface Fluorination and Chlorination of Natural Graphite Samples
    • 9.3. Effect of Surface Fluorination of Petroleum Cokes
    • 9.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 10. Application of Polyvinylidene Fluoride Binders in Lithium-Ion Battery
    • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.2. Fluorine-Containing Binder
    • 10.3. Properties of Fluorinated Binder
    • 10.4. Binder Swelling in Electrolyte Solvent
    • 10.5. Electrochemical Stability
    • 10.6. Electrode Preparation Method
    • 10.7. Peel Strength Measurement
    • 10.8. Electrode Performance Test
    • 10.9. Fluorinated Waterborne Binders
  • Chapter 11. Electrodeposition of Polypyrrole on CFx Powders Used as Cathode in Primary Lithium Battery
    • 11.1. Introduction
    • 11.2. Experimental Section
    • 11.3. Results
    • 11.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 12. New Nano-C–F Compounds for Nonrechargeable Lithium Batteries
    • 12.1. Introduction
    • 12.2. Contribution of Nanomaterials to Enhance the Energy Density of a Primary Lithium Battery
    • 12.3. New Fluorination Ways to Increase the Power Density of a Primary Lithium Battery
    • 12.4. Increasing the Faradic Yield
    • 12.5. Next-Generation Carbon Fluorides for Primary Lithium Batteries: Some Key Points
  • Chapter 13. Recent Advances on Quasianhydrous Fuel Cell Membranes
    • 13.1. Introduction
    • 13.2. Fluorinated Copolymers Based on Nitrogen Heterocycles
    • 13.3. Proton Mobility in Membranes Based on Nitrogenous Heterocycles and s-PEEK
    • 13.4. Crosslinking of Membranes Based on Nitrogenous Heterocycles
    • 13.5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 14. The Use of Per-Fluorinated Sulfonic Acid (PFSA) Membrane as Electrolyte in Fuel Cells
    • 14.1. Introduction
    • 14.2. Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells
    • 14.3. Properties of the PFSA Membrane
    • 14.4. Application and Performance of PFSA Membranes in FCs
  • Chapter 15. Surface-Fluorinated Carbon Materials for Supercapacitor
    • 15.1. Introduction
    • 15.2. Fluorinated Activated Carbons for Supercapacitor
    • 15.3. F-AC Fibers for Supercapacitor
    • 15.4. Fluorinated Carbon Nanotubes for Supercapacitor
  • Chapter 16. Fluorine Chemistry for Negative Electrode in Sodium and Lithium Ion Batteries
    • 16.1. Introduction
    • 16.2. Why Na-Ion Battery?
    • 16.3. Hard-Carbon as Potential Negative Electrode
    • 16.4. Fluorinated Electrolyte and Additive
    • 16.5. Poly Vinylidene Fluoride and CMC-Based Binder
    • 16.6. Aluminum Corrosion Inhibitor
    • 16.7. Na Alloys and Compounds
    • 16.8. Silicon for Lithium-Ion Battery
    • 16.9. Conclusive Remarks
  • Chapter 17. Application of Carbon Materials Derived from Fluorocarbons in an Electrochemical Capacitor
    • 17.1. Introduction
    • 17.2. Synthesis Method and Basic Characterization of Porous Carbon from Fluorocarbon
    • 17.3. Performance of Electric Double Layer Capacitance of Porous Carbon from Fluorocarbon
    • 17.4. Conclusion
  • Index


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About the Editor

Tsuyoshi Nakajima

Tsuyoshi Nakajima

Tsuyoshi Nakajima is Professor in the Department of Applied Chemistry, Aichi Institute of Technology in Japan. He has worked on fluorine chemistry and electrochemistry (that is, fluorinated materials) for primary and rechargeable lithium batteries, and fluorine-, fluoride-, or oxyfluoride-graphite intercalation compounds. Li/(CF)n battery is the first primary lithium battery commercialized on the basis of the research on graphite fluoride which was performed in his laboratory at Kyoto University. His research was on the discharge mechanism of Li/(CF)n battery and synthesis of graphite fluoride, (CF)n with excellent discharge performance. The importance of carbon-fluorine compounds as battery materials was first recognized by graphite fluoride cathode of Li/(CF)n battery. Furthermore, new graphite anode for electrolytic production of fluorine gas was developed on the basis of his work on fluorine-graphite intercalation compound with high electrical conductivity. Recently. his research interest is on the application of fluorine chemistry to rechargeable lithium batteries. Fluorination techniques were applied to surface modification of graphite anode which increases the capacities of graphite anode and enables the low temperature operation of lithium ion battery. For the application of lithium ion battery using flammable organic solvents to electric sources of hybrid and electric vehicles, high safety is the most important issue. He has found that organo-fluorine compounds are excellent new solvents with high oxidation stability (that is, high safety for rechargeable lithium batteries). He published about 230 papers and 24 books. In academic societies, he served as chairman of JSPS 155th Committee on Fluorine Chemistry; The Society of Fluorine Chemistry, Japan; Executive Committee of Carbon Society of Japan; and Regional Editor and Editorial Board of J. Fluorine Chemistry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Aichi Institute of Technology, Toyota, Japan

Henri Groult

Henri Groult is Director of Research of CNRS-UPMC-ESPCI UMR 7612, University of Pierre and Marie Curie (Paris 6) in France. He has devoted his research life to fluorine chemistry, electrochemistry, and molten salt chemistry. His main research subjects are electrolytic production of fluorine gas, fluorine compounds for primary and secondary lithium batteries, and electrochemical properties of molten fluorides and chlorides. He has obtained interesting results on fluorine evolution reaction on carbon electrodes, discharge behavior of carbon-fluorine compounds, charge/discharge characteristics of metal fluorides, and electrochemical properties of molten salts. On these subjects, he published more than 100 papers and 7 books. His activity has played an important role in fluorine chemistry in France. He has served as Director of the French Network of Fluorine, Chairman of the 17th European Symposium on Fluorine Chemistry (Paris, July 2013), and Editorial board of J. Fluorine Chemistry.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris, France

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