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Advanced Fibrous Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781782424611, 9781782424840

Advanced Fibrous Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection

1st Edition

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Editor: Xiaogang Chen
Hardcover ISBN: 9781782424611
eBook ISBN: 9781782424840
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 26th January 2016
Page Count: 548
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Table of Contents

1. Introduction

  • 1.1. Background
  • 1.2. Types of ballistic protective equipment and materials
  • 1.3. Projective materials against ballistic impact
  • 1.4. Engineering design of protective panels
  • 1.5. Future materials and technology for ballistic protection

2. ARAMIDS: ‘Disruptive’, open and continuous innovation

  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Polymer preparation
  • 2.3. Spinning
  • 2.4. Structure and properties
  • 2.5. Applications
  • Disclaimer

3. High-performance ballistic fibers: Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE)

  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Mechanical properties
  • 3.3. Mechanism of ballistic penetration
  • 3.4. Ballistics models
  • 3.5. Next-generation Dyneema® fibers and their composites

4. Fabrics and composites for ballistic protection

  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Fibres and fabrics
  • 4.3. Composites
  • 4.4. Failure mechanisms
  • Sources of further information and advice

5. Ballistic damage of hybrid composite materials

  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Three-phase hybrid composites
  • 5.3. Energy absorption of hybrid composites
  • 5.4. Comments and future trends
  • Further reading sources

6. Modelling of 3D woven fabrics for ballistic protection

  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Numerical modelling of ballistic impact simulation
  • 6.3. Analytical modelling and optimization
  • 6.4. Energy absorption and penetration mechanisms
  • 6.5. Design of 3D woven fabrics for ballistic protection
  • 6.6. Future trends

7. Measurements of dynamic properties of ballistic yarns using innovative testing devices

  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Testing devices adapted to dynamic properties of yarn
  • 7.3. Optimization of the dynamic tensile device SFM
  • 7.4. Experimental results of dynamic tensile tests on yarn using the optimized SFM
  • 7.5. Conclusions

8. Analysis of woven fabric composites for ballistic protection

  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. Materials for ballistic protection
  • 8.3. Composites for high-performance applications
  • 8.4. Ballistic impact on composite targets
  • 8.5. Input parameters
  • 8.6. Experimental studies
  • 8.7. Results and discussion
  • 8.8. Enhancing ballistic protection capability of composite targets
  • 8.9. Conclusions
  • Appendices

9. Failure mechanisms and engineering of ballistic materials

  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Analysis approaches for ballistic impact
  • 9.3. Failure mechanisms of ballistic materials
  • 9.4. Engineering design of ballistic materials
  • 9.5. Future trends

10. Narrow fabrics for enhanced ballistic performance

  • 10.1. Introduction
  • 10.2. Ballistic armor
  • 10.3. Importance of fiber type
  • 10.4. Importance of fabric construction
  • 10.5. Ballistic testing
  • 10.6. High-speed photography
  • 10.7. Effect of boundary conditions on transverse yarn impact
  • 10.8. Effect of boundary conditions on fabric impact
  • 10.9. Impact of narrow fabrics
  • 10.10. Effect of clamping on the ballistic performance of narrow fabrics
  • 10.11. The design of practicable armor using narrow fabrics
  • 10.12. Conclusions
  • 10.13. Future trends
  • Sources of further information and advice

11. Multiscale modeling of polymeric composite materials for ballistic protection

  • 11.1. Introduction and synopsis
  • 11.2. Molecule- and fibril-scale modeling
  • 11.3. Fiber-, yarn-, and fabric-level modeling
  • 11.4. Single-/stacked-lamina level modeling
  • 11.5. Laminate-/continuum-level modeling
  • 11.6. Conclusions

12. Stab characterization of STF and thermoplastic-impregnated ballistic fabric composites

  • 12.1. Introduction
  • 12.2. Experimental procedure
  • 12.3. Stab characterization of nonhybrid target fabric composites
  • 12.4. Stab characterization of TP-Kevlar® hybrid target fabric composites
  • 12.5. Conclusions and future trends

13. Polyolefin film–reinforced composites for personal protection

  • 13.1. Introduction
  • 13.2. Structure of SSE-PE
  • 13.3. Reinforcement volume fraction of SSE-PE film composites
  • 13.4. Conclusions

14. Ballistic performance evaluation of woven fabrics based on experimental and numerical approaches

  • 14.1. Introduction
  • 14.2. Ballistic testing principles and equipment
  • 14.3. Finite element simulation of ballistic impact on woven fabrics
  • 14.4. Comparisons and discussions
  • 14.5. Conclusions
  • 14.6. Future trends

15. Thermoplastic matrix combat helmet with carbon-epoxy skin for ballistic performance

  • 15.1. Introduction
  • 15.2. PASGT combat helmet
  • 15.3. Para-aramid fiber thermoplastic matrix composite combat helmets
  • 15.4. Ballistic performance of unidirectional thermoplastic matrix composites
  • 15.5. INTER Materials unidirectional UHMWPE fiber thermoplastic matrix composite combat helmet
  • 15.6. Structural requirements of thermoplastic matrix composite combat helmets
  • 15.7. Discussion and future trends

16. Numerical analysis of the ballistic performance of textile fabrics

  • 16.1. Introduction
  • 16.2. Numerical macro-mesoscopic simulation of dynamic behavior of a 2D plain-woven fabric
  • 16.3. Multiscale modeling for the cases of 2D woven fabrics
  • 16.4. FEM modeling for the cases of 3D woven fabrics
  • 16.5. Conclusions

17. Damage modeling of ballistic impact in woven fabrics

  • 17.1. Introduction
  • 17.2. Development of constitutive model for dry fabrics
  • 17.3. Numerical modeling of high-speed impacts
  • 17.4. Conclusions


Advanced Fibrous Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection provides the latest information on ballistic protection, a topic that remains an important issue in modern times due to ever increasing threats coming from regional conflicts, terrorism, and anti-social behavior.

The basic requirements for ballistic protection equipment are first and foremost, the prevention of a projectile from perforating, the reduction of blunt trauma to the human body caused by ballistic impact, the necessity that they are thermal and provide moisture comfort, and that they are lightweight and flexible to guarantee wearer’s mobility.

The main aim of this book is to present some of the most recent developments in the design and engineering of woven fabrics and their use as layering materials to form composite structures for ballistic personal protection. Chapter topics include High Performance Ballistic Fibres, Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE), Ballistic Damage of Hybrid Composite Materials, Analysis of Ballistic Fabrics and Layered Composite Materials, and Multi-Scale Modeling of Polymeric Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection.

Key Features

  • Contributions from leading experts in the field
  • Cutting edge developments on the engineering of ballistic materials
  • Comprehensive analysis of the development and uses of advanced fibrous composite materials


Materials scientists and textile technologists, ballistic scientists, manufacturers and engineers and all those working in ballistics technology in university, industry and government including national defence research.


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2016
26th January 2016
Woodhead Publishing
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

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About the Editor

Xiaogang Chen

Dr Xiaogang Chen obtained his PhD in Textile Engineering from the University of Leeds in 1991. He is currently a reader in technical textiles in the School of Materials, The University of Manchester. In the field of modelling, he worked on mathematical models leading to the creation of CAD software for 2D and 3D woven fabrics. He also researched into geometric and mechanical modelling of textiles for engineering technical textiles. He has applied his modelling approach into the prediction of textile behaviour in energy absorption, fluid filtration, textile composites and ballistic protection.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Manchester, UK