Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483231068, 9781483266299

Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes

1st Edition

Authors: J. J. Kipling
eBook ISBN: 9781483266299
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1965
Page Count: 340
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Description

Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes provides a general discussion of the subject, which has so far been given little or no attention in current textbooks of physical chemistry. A general view of the subject is particularly needed at a time when we wish to see how far it will be possible to use theories of solutions to explain the phenomena of adsorption. The book opens with an introductory chapter on the types of interface, aspects of adsorption from solution, types of adsorption, and classification of systems. This is followed by separate chapters on experimental methods, adsorption at the liquid-solid interface, adsorption from completely miscible and partially liquids, adsorption of gases and solids from solution, adsorption of polymers, and adsorption in multicomponent systems. Subsequent chapters deal with factors influencing competitive adsorption at the liquid-solid interface. adsorption at the liquid-vapor and liquid-liquid interface, kinetics and thermodynamics of adsorption from the liquid phase, the use of columns in adsorption, and use of adsorption from solution to measure surface area.

Table of Contents


Preface

Chapter I. Introduction

Types of Interface

Aspects of Adsorption from Solution

Types of Adsorption

Classification of Systems

Discontinuous Isotherms

Chapter 2. Experimental Methods

General Procedures

Methods of Analysis of Solutions

Purification of Materials

Chapter 3. Adsorption at the Liquid-Solid Interface

Historical

Early Experiments

The Nature of the Adsorption Isotherm

Chapter 4. Adsorption from Completely Miscible Liquids

The Individual Isotherm

Monolayer and Multilayer Adsorption

Types of Composite Isotherm

Types of Individual Isotherm

The Effect of Temperature

Forms of Isotherm Suitable for Comparing Adsorption at Different Interfaces .

Chemisorption

Chapter 5. Adsorption from Partially Miscible Liquids

The S-shaped Isotherm

The Isotherm at Low and Intermediate Concentrations

The Isotherm at Higher Concentrations

Chemisorption

Chapter 6. Adsorption of Gases from Solution

Non-reacting Systems

Adsorption with Reaction

Chapter 7. Adsorption of Solids from Solution

Introduction

The Adsorption Isotherm and Equations for the Isotherm

The Significance of the Plateau

The Effect of Temperature

Chemisorption

Orientation of the Adsorbed Molecules

"Stepped" Isotherms

Behavior of Individual Systems

A Classification of Shapes of Isotherms

Chapter 8. Adsorption of Polymers

Introduction

Factors Affecting Adsorption of Polymers

The Nature of the Adsorbed Phase

Equations for the Adsorption Isotherm

Desorption

Polymers of Low Molecular Weight

Chapter 9. Adsorption in Multicomponent Systems

Adsorption from Multicomponent Solutions

Adsorption by Mixtures of Adsorbents

Chapter 10. Factors Influencing Competitive Adsorption at the Liquid-Solid Interface

Introduction

Interaction between Solid and Adsorbate

Interaction in the Liquid State

Orientation of the Adsorbed Molecules

Effects of Temperature and Pressure

Chapter 11. Adsorption at the Liquid-Vapor Interface

Introduction

Definitions of Adsorption or Surface Excess

Comparison of Surface Excess at Different Interfaces

Nature of the Adsorbed Layer

Traube's Rule

Adsorption from Ternary Mixtures

The Surfaces of Liquid Metals

A Justification of the Freundlich Equation

Chapter 12. Adsorption at the Liquid-Liquid Interface

Types of Interfacial Layer

Third Component Soluble in one Liquid

Third Component Soluble in both Liquids

Traube's Rule

Chapter 13. Kinetics of Adsorption from the Liquid Phase

Introduction

Rate Constants for the Overall Process

The Liquid-Vapor Interface

The Liquid-Liquid Interface

Chapter 14. Thermodynamics of Adsorption from the Liquid Phase

Introduction

Adsorption at the Liquid-Vapor Interface

Adsorption at the Liquid-Solid Interface .

Comparison of Thermodynamic and Kinetic Theories of Adsorption

Heat of Adsorption

Chapter 15. Related Features in the Adsorption of Organic Electrolytes from Solution

Types of Electrolyte

Weakly Ionizing Organic Substances

Dyestuffs and Detergents

Kinetics of Adsorption

Froth Flotation

Chapter 16. The Use of Columns Adsorption

General

Mathematical Treatment

Chromatography

Chapter 17. The Use of Adsorption from Solution in Measurement of Surface Area

Introduction

Adsorption from Solutions of Solids

Adsorption of Completely Miscible Liquids

The Significance of Specific Surface Areas

Author Index

Systems Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
340
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1965
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483266299

About the Author

J. J. Kipling