Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes

Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes

1st Edition - January 1, 1965

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  • Author: J. J. Kipling
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483266299

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Description

Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes provides a general discussion of the subject, which has so far been given little or no attention in current textbooks of physical chemistry. A general view of the subject is particularly needed at a time when we wish to see how far it will be possible to use theories of solutions to explain the phenomena of adsorption. The book opens with an introductory chapter on the types of interface, aspects of adsorption from solution, types of adsorption, and classification of systems. This is followed by separate chapters on experimental methods, adsorption at the liquid-solid interface, adsorption from completely miscible and partially liquids, adsorption of gases and solids from solution, adsorption of polymers, and adsorption in multicomponent systems. Subsequent chapters deal with factors influencing competitive adsorption at the liquid-solid interface. adsorption at the liquid-vapor and liquid-liquid interface, kinetics and thermodynamics of adsorption from the liquid phase, the use of columns in adsorption, and use of adsorption from solution to measure surface area.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Chapter I. Introduction

    Types of Interface

    Aspects of Adsorption from Solution

    Types of Adsorption

    Classification of Systems

    Discontinuous Isotherms

    Chapter 2. Experimental Methods

    General Procedures

    Methods of Analysis of Solutions

    Purification of Materials

    Chapter 3. Adsorption at the Liquid-Solid Interface

    Historical

    Early Experiments

    The Nature of the Adsorption Isotherm

    Chapter 4. Adsorption from Completely Miscible Liquids

    The Individual Isotherm

    Monolayer and Multilayer Adsorption

    Types of Composite Isotherm

    Types of Individual Isotherm

    The Effect of Temperature

    Forms of Isotherm Suitable for Comparing Adsorption at Different Interfaces .

    Chemisorption

    Chapter 5. Adsorption from Partially Miscible Liquids

    The S-shaped Isotherm

    The Isotherm at Low and Intermediate Concentrations

    The Isotherm at Higher Concentrations

    Chemisorption

    Chapter 6. Adsorption of Gases from Solution

    Non-reacting Systems

    Adsorption with Reaction

    Chapter 7. Adsorption of Solids from Solution

    Introduction

    The Adsorption Isotherm and Equations for the Isotherm

    The Significance of the Plateau

    The Effect of Temperature

    Chemisorption

    Orientation of the Adsorbed Molecules

    "Stepped" Isotherms

    Behavior of Individual Systems

    A Classification of Shapes of Isotherms

    Chapter 8. Adsorption of Polymers

    Introduction

    Factors Affecting Adsorption of Polymers

    The Nature of the Adsorbed Phase

    Equations for the Adsorption Isotherm

    Desorption

    Polymers of Low Molecular Weight

    Chapter 9. Adsorption in Multicomponent Systems

    Adsorption from Multicomponent Solutions

    Adsorption by Mixtures of Adsorbents

    Chapter 10. Factors Influencing Competitive Adsorption at the Liquid-Solid Interface

    Introduction

    Interaction between Solid and Adsorbate

    Interaction in the Liquid State

    Orientation of the Adsorbed Molecules

    Effects of Temperature and Pressure

    Chapter 11. Adsorption at the Liquid-Vapor Interface

    Introduction

    Definitions of Adsorption or Surface Excess

    Comparison of Surface Excess at Different Interfaces

    Nature of the Adsorbed Layer

    Traube's Rule

    Adsorption from Ternary Mixtures

    The Surfaces of Liquid Metals

    A Justification of the Freundlich Equation

    Chapter 12. Adsorption at the Liquid-Liquid Interface

    Types of Interfacial Layer

    Third Component Soluble in one Liquid

    Third Component Soluble in both Liquids

    Traube's Rule

    Chapter 13. Kinetics of Adsorption from the Liquid Phase

    Introduction

    Rate Constants for the Overall Process

    The Liquid-Vapor Interface

    The Liquid-Liquid Interface

    Chapter 14. Thermodynamics of Adsorption from the Liquid Phase

    Introduction

    Adsorption at the Liquid-Vapor Interface

    Adsorption at the Liquid-Solid Interface .

    Comparison of Thermodynamic and Kinetic Theories of Adsorption

    Heat of Adsorption

    Chapter 15. Related Features in the Adsorption of Organic Electrolytes from Solution

    Types of Electrolyte

    Weakly Ionizing Organic Substances

    Dyestuffs and Detergents

    Kinetics of Adsorption

    Froth Flotation

    Chapter 16. The Use of Columns Adsorption

    General

    Mathematical Treatment

    Chromatography

    Chapter 17. The Use of Adsorption from Solution in Measurement of Surface Area

    Introduction

    Adsorption from Solutions of Solids

    Adsorption of Completely Miscible Liquids

    The Significance of Specific Surface Areas

    Author Index

    Systems Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 340
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1965
  • Published: January 1, 1965
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483266299

About the Author

J. J. Kipling

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