Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids

Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids

Principles, Methodology and Applications

2nd Edition - September 6, 2013

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  • Authors: Jean Rouquerol, Françoise Rouquerol, Philip Llewellyn, Guillaume Maurin, Kenneth Sing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080970363
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080970356

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The declared objective of this book is to provide an introductory review of the various theoretical and practical aspects of adsorption by powders and porous solids with particular reference to materials of technological importance. The primary aim is to meet the needs of students and non-specialists who are new to surface science or who wish to use the advanced techniques now available for the determination of surface area, pore size and surface characterization. In addition, a critical account is given of recent work on the adsorptive properties of activated carbons, oxides, clays and zeolites.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive treatment of adsorption at both the gas/solid interface and the liquid/solid interface
  • Includes chapters dealing with experimental methodology and the interpretation of adsorption data obtained with porous oxides, carbons and zeolites
  • Techniques capture the importance of heterogeneous catalysis, chemical engineering and the production of pigments, cements, agrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals


Advanced undergraduates, postgrads, researchers, and practitioners in physical chemistry, materials science, surface science, and chemical engineering.

Table of Contents

  • Preface to the First Edition

    Preface to the Second Edition

    List of Main Symbols



    Use of operator Δ


    1. Introduction


    1.1 The Importance of Adsorption

    1.2 Historical Aspects

    1.3 General Definitions and Terminology

    1.4 Physisorption and Chemisorption

    1.5 Types of Adsorption Isotherms

    1.6 Energetics of Physisorption and Molecular Modelling

    1.7 Diffusion of Adsorbate


    2. Thermodynamics of Adsorption at the Gas/Solid Interface


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Quantitative Expression of Adsorption of a Single gas

    2.3 Thermodynamic Potentials of Adsorption

    2.4 Thermodynamic Quantities Related to the Adsorbed States in the Gibbs Representation

    2.5 Thermodynamic Quantities Related to the Adsorption Process

    2.6 Indirect Derivation of the Quantities of Adsorption from of a Series of Experimental Physisorption Isotherms: The Isosteric Method

    2.7 Derivation of the Adsorption Quantities from Calorimetric Data

    2.8 Other Methods for the Determination of Differential Enthalpies of Adsorption

    2.9 State Equations for High Pressure: Single Gases and Mixtures


    3. Methodology of Gas Adsorption


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Determination of the Surface Excess Amount (and Amount Adsorbed)

    3.3 Gas Adsorption Calorimetry

    3.4 Adsorbent Outgassing

    3.5 Presentation of Experimental Data


    4. Adsorption at the Liquid–Solid Interface: Thermodynamics and Methodology


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Energetics of Immersion of Solid in Pure Liquid

    4.3 Adsorption from Liquid Solution


    5. Classical Interpretation of Physisorption Isotherms at the Gas–Solid Interface


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Adsorption of a Pure Gas

    5.3 Adsorption of a Gas Mixture

    5.4 Conclusions


    6. Modelling of Physisorption in Porous Solids


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Microscopic Description of the Porous Solids

    6.3 Intermolecular Potential Function

    6.4 Characterization Computational Tools

    6.5 Modelling of Adsorption in Porous Solids

    6.6 Modelling of Diffusion in Porous Solids

    6.7 Conclusions and Future Challenges


    7. Assessment of Surface Area by Gas Adsorption


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 The BET Method

    7.3 Empirical Methods for Isotherm Analysis

    7.4 The Fractal Approach

    7.5 Conclusions and Recommendations


    8. Assessment of Mesoporosity


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Mesopore Volume, Porosity and Mean Pore Size

    8.3 Capillary Condensation and the Kelvin Equation

    8.4 Classical Computation of the Mesopore Size Distribution

    8.5 DFT Computation of the Mesopore Size Distribution

    8.6 Hysteresis Loops

    8.7 Conclusions and Recommendations


    9. Assessment of Microporosity


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Gas Physisorption Isotherm Analysis

    9.3 Microcalorimetric Methods

    9.4 Conclusions and Recommendations


    10. Adsorption by Active Carbons


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Active Carbons: Preparation, Properties and Applications

    10.3 Physisorption of Gases by Non-Porous Carbons

    10.4 Physisorption of Gases by Porous Carbons

    10.5 Adsorption at the Carbon–Liquid Interface

    10.6 LPH and Adsorbent Deformation

    10.7 Characterization of Active Carbons: Conclusions and Recommendations


    11. Adsorption by Metal Oxides


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Silica

    11.3 Aluminas: Structure, Texture and Physisorption

    11.4 Titanium Dioxide Powders and Gels

    11.5 Magnesium Oxide

    11.6 Miscellaneous Oxides

    11.7 Applications of Adsorbent Properties of Metal Oxides


    12. Adsorption by Clays, Pillared Clays, Zeolites and Aluminophosphates


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Structure, Morphology and Adsorbent Properties of Layer Silicates

    12.3 Pillared Clays: Structures and Properties

    12.4 Zeolites: Synthesis, Pore Structures and Molecular Sieve Properties

    12.5 Phosphate-Based Molecular Sieves: Background and Adsorbent Properties

    12.6 Applications of Clays, Zeolites and Phosphate-Based Molecular Sieves


    13. Adsorption by Ordered Mesoporous Materials


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Ordered Mesoporous Silicas

    13.3 Effect of Surface Functionalisation on Adsorption Properties

    13.4 Ordered Organosilica Materials

    13.5 Replica Materials

    13.6 Concluding Remarks


    14. Adsorption by Metal-Organic Frameworks


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Assessment and Meaning of the BET Area of MOFs

    14.3 Effect of Changing the Nature of the Organic Ligands

    14.4 Effect of Changing the Metal Centre

    14.5 Effect of Changing the Nature of Other Surface Sites

    14.6 Influence of Extra-Framework Species

    14.7 Special Case of the Flexibility of MOFs

    14.8 Towards Application Performances



Product details

  • No. of pages: 646
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2013
  • Published: September 6, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080970363
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080970356

About the Authors

Jean Rouquerol

Jean Rouquerol is director of the Centre de Thermodynamique, and a leading authority on adsorption thermodynamics and the methodology of thermal analysis and adsorption calorimetry

Affiliations and Expertise

Centre de Thermodynamique, Marseilles, France

Françoise Rouquerol

Francoise Rouquerol leads a research team at the Centre de Thermodynamique et de Microcalorimetrie and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Marseille, France. She is also a senior professor at University of Provence.

Affiliations and Expertise

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Marseilles, France

Philip Llewellyn

Affiliations and Expertise

Laboratoire des Matériaux Divisés, Revetements, Electrocéramiques, Université de Provence-CNRS, Marseille, France

Guillaume Maurin

Affiliations and Expertise

Institut Charles Gerhardt, Universite de Montpellier II, Montpellier, France

Kenneth Sing

Kenneth Sing is an emeritus professor of Brunel University and visiting professor at Bristol University, both in the UK. He is co-author of the well-known book Adsorption, Surface Area and Porosity.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemistry, Brunel University, Uxbridge

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