A Textbook of Children's and Young People's Nursing

A Textbook of Children's and Young People's Nursing

3rd Edition - November 30, 2020

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  • Authors: Edward Glasper, James Richardson, Dr Randall
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702065033
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780702062322

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Description

This innovative textbook provides a concise and accessible guide for undergraduate students specializing in children and young people’s nursing in the UK and further afield. Each chapter has been fully updated to reflect current knowledge and practice. The wide range of topics covered includes all the essentials, such as contemporary child health policy and legal issues; knowledge and skills for practice; and caring for children with special needs. Students will learn how to recognize the deteriorating child, use procedural play and distraction, and consider the mental health of children and young people. A Textbook of Children's and Young People's Nursing is written by multidisciplinary experts, rooted in child-centred healthcare within a family context, and draws upon best contemporary practice. It is an invaluable resource that will help nursing students provide effective, evidence-based care.

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • List of Contributors
  • Dedication
  • Section 1. Context of Children’s Nursing Theories and Practices
  • 1. Historical Perspectives of Children’s Nursing
  • Introduction
  • The Changing Concepts of Childhood
  • Dr Charles West – Father of Children’s Nursing
  • The Origins of Foundling Hospitals and Dispensaries
  • The Establishment of Children’s Hospitals
  • The Growth of Children’s Hospitals
  • The Origins of Education and Registration Of Children’s Nurses
  • Education of Children’s Nurses
  • Contemporary Children’s Nursing in the UK
  • Summary
  • 2. Nursing, Children and Their Childhoods
  • Introduction
  • Theory and Nursing Theory: From Silent Knowing to Critical Thinking
  • Family Centred Care
  • Challenges to Family Centred Care
  • Nursing Theory: Something Borrowed?
  • Pragmatic Children’s Nursing
  • The Process of Learning/Growing in Pragmatic Children’s Nursing
  • Negotiating Care: A Tripartite Discussion
  • Negotiation of Care: Establishing Objectives
  • Outcome Measures: How do we Know if Children’s Nursing Care is of Good Quality?
  • Conclusions
  • 3. Contemporary Child Health Policy: The Implications for Children’s Nurses
  • Introduction
  • The Role of Health Policy
  • Health Inequalities
  • How do Governments Respond to Policy Reviews?
  • UK Policy Variations
  • The Welfare of Children in Hospital (1959)
  • Other Historic Polices and Reports
  • Polices for Transition of Young People From Children’s to Adult Services
  • Polices to Promote Good Public Health for Children and Young People
  • Policies to Improve the Way in Which Children’s and Young People’s Services in Hospitals are Inspected by the Health Care Regulator
  • Polices That are Concerned With Staffing and Workforce in Child Health Areas
  • Facing the Future – Standards for Acute General Paediatric Services (Rcpch 2013)
  • Polices That Promote Child and Family Involvement in Care
  • Policies for Enhancing the Mental Health of Children and Young People
  • Getting it Right – Dealing With Accolades and Complaints
  • Dealing With Complaints
  • Conclusion
  • 4. Contemporary Childhoods and Health
  • Introduction
  • Theories of Childhood
  • Psychological Theories of Childhood
  • Language Development
  • Personality Development
  • Moral Development
  • Children’s Conceptualisation of Health, Illness and Their Internal Bodies
  • Summary
  • 5. Physical Growth and Development in Children
  • Introduction
  • Factors Affecting Growth and Development
  • Physical Growth and Development
  • Assessment of Growth
  • Transition From Intrauterine to Extrauterine Life
  • The Newborn Baby
  • 1 Month to 2 Years
  • General Trends in Height and Weight Gain During Childhood
  • Physical Growth From 5 Years to Adolescence
  • Adolescence
  • Suggested Areas for Observation of Children
  • 6. Death and Dying in Childhood
  • Introduction
  • Children’s Concepts of Death
  • Theories of Grief in Child Loss
  • Summary
  • 7. Ethical and Legal Aspects of Child Health Care
  • Introduction
  • The un Convention on the Rights of the Child And the Human Rights Act (1998)
  • The Four Principles of Health Care Ethics
  • The Legal System and Key Legal Principles
  • Refusal Of Treatment
  • End-of-Life Issues
  • Consent To Non-Therapeutic, Controversial or Experimental Treatment
  • Negligence
  • Criminal Liability
  • Summary
  • Section 2. Promote, Restore and Stabilise Health Status in Children: A Systems Approach to Childhood Conditions, Disease and Disability
  • 8. Inherited Conditions and the Family
  • Introduction: The Revolution in Genetics and Genomics
  • Genetics and Genomics: The Paradigm Shift
  • The Impact of Genetic Disease on Family Life
  • It Runs In The Family: The Role Of Genetic Factors In Disease
  • Genetics Referral and the Family Journey: the Role of the Children’s Nurse
  • Nurse Education And Standards In Genetics/ Genomic
  • Ethical Issues For Children’s Nurses
  • Summary
  • 9. Contemporary Issues in Genomics and Other ‘Omic’ Technologies for Children’s Nursing: An Introduction
  • Introduction: Genomics – What is all the Fuss About?
  • Mainstreaming Genomics in Paediatric Care. What Are the Implications for Children’s Nursing?
  • Making it Possible – Genomic Technologies
  • Pharmacogenomics
  • Other ‘Omic’ Technologies
  • Epigenomics
  • Ethical Issues and Challenges to Delivering Genomic Health Care
  • So What Does All This Mean for Children’s Nurses?
  • 10. Homeostasis and the Deteriorating Child
  • Introduction
  • Regulation of Homeostasis
  • Recognition and Care of the Deteriorating Child
  • 11. Respiratory Illness in Children
  • Introduction
  • Respiratory Assessment and Examination of the Chest
  • Management of Respiratory Illness in Children
  • Respiratory Infection
  • Asthma
  • Discussion of the Scenarios
  • 12. Caring for Children and Young People With Cardiovascular Problems
  • Introduction
  • The Origins and Development of the Embryonic and Fetal Heart
  • Fetal Circulation and Changes Occurring at Birth
  • Congenital, Inherited and Acquired Cardiac Problems in Children and Young People
  • Summary
  • 13. Children’s Liver Disease
  • Introduction
  • Development, Structure and Functions of the Liver
  • Signs and Symptoms of Liver Disease
  • Childhood liver diseases
  • Liver Transplantation
  • Summary
  • 14. Renal Conditions in Childhood
  • Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis
  • Wilms Tumour (Nephroblastoma)
  • Acute Kidney Injury
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Transplant
  • Summary
  • 15. Caring for Children With Non-Malignant Haematological Disorders of Childhood
  • Introduction
  • Anatomy and Physiology of the Haematological System
  • Interpretation of Blood Results
  • Non-Malignant Haematological Conditions
  • Management of Children with Haematological Disorders
  • Haemoglobinopathy
  • Thalassaemia
  • Bleeding Disorders
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Discussion of the Scenarios
  • 16. Caring for a Child With a Neurological Disorder
  • Introduction
  • The Role, Structure and Function of the Nervous System
  • Neurological Disorders in Children
  • Summary
  • 17. Children and Young People With Complex Motor Disability
  • Introduction
  • Definitions, Numbers, Needs and Services
  • Sources Of Information on Children With Complex Motor Disability
  • Families’ Experiences of Services
  • Nursing Assessment and Interventions
  • Summary
  • 18. Caring for Children and Young People With Orthopaedic Disorders
  • Bone Biology
  • Fractures
  • Traction
  • Polytrauma
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
  • Nursing Care of a Child With a Hip Spica Cast
  • Talipes (Clubfoot)
  • Perthes Disease
  • Discharge Planning
  • 19. Caring for Children With Infection and Altered Immune Responses
  • Introduction
  • The Immune System and Defence Against Infection
  • Inflammation
  • The Adaptive Immune System
  • Conclusion
  • 20. Caring for Children With Diabetes and Other Endocrine Disorders
  • Endocrine System
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • TYPE 2 DIABETES
  • Discussion of the Scenarios
  • Summary
  • 21. Caring for Children With Gastrointestinal Problems
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea: Acute and Chronic
  • Malabsorption and Food Allergies
  • Summary
  • 22. Caring for Children With Genitourinary Problems
  • Urinary Tract Infections
  • Vesicoureteric Reflux
  • Hypospadias
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Phimosis and Circumcision
  • Summary
  • 23. Skin Disease in Children and Young People
  • Introduction
  • Biology of the Skin
  • Common Skin Infections
  • Fungal Infections
  • Viral Infections
  • Infestations
  • Eczema
  • Psoriasis
  • Acne Vulgaris
  • Infantile Haemangiomas
  • Epidermolysis Bullosa
  • The Ichthyoses
  • Psychological Effects of Skin Disease on Children and Their Families
  • Section 3. Negotiation of Care
  • 24. Recognising and Responding to Child Maltreatment: The Role of the Children’s Nurse
  • Introduction
  • Defining Child Maltreatment and the Interlinking Categories of Abuse
  • The Changing Landscape of Child Protection
  • Conclusion
  • 25. Cultural Aspects of Children’s Nursing
  • What is culture?
  • Summary
  • 26. Empowering Children and Young People and Families in Health Care
  • Introduction
  • Empowerment
  • Section One
  • Section 2
  • Section 3
  • Conclusion
  • 27. Assessing, Planning, Evaluating and Recording Nursing Care for Children and Young People in Partnership
  • Introduction
  • The Nature of Assessment
  • Assessment and Planning in Context
  • Conclusion
  • 28. The Management of Pain in Children and Young People
  • Introduction
  • Why Assessing and Managing Pain in Children and Young People is Important
  • The Anatomy and Physiology of Pain
  • Assessing Pain in Children and Young People
  • Managing Procedural Pain in Children And Young People
  • Managing Acute Pain in Children and Young People
  • Managing Chronic Pain in Children and Young People
  • Summary
  • 29. Transition to Young Adulthood – A Particular Challenge for Developing Young People With Long-Term or Life-Limiting Conditions and Disabilities
  • Introduction
  • Key Concepts: Transition and Trajectory
  • Transition in the Health and Social Care Context
  • Long-Term Conditions
  • Mental Health Transitions – A Global Concern?
  • Priorities for Families
  • Examples of Tools to Support the Transition Process
  • 30. Play for Children and Young People in Hospital and Healthcare Settings
  • The Role of Play for Children and Young People
  • Principles of Play Therapy
  • The Development of Play in The Healthcare Environment
  • The role of the Health Play Specialist
  • Professional Boundaries and Play
  • The Role of Play in Children’s Nursing Practice
  • Play and the Children and Young People with Disability and Complex Healthcare Needs (CHCN)
  • Reducing the Effects of Hospitalisation Through Play
  • Pre and Post Procedural Play
  • The Role of Play in Distraction and Diversional Therapy
  • Desensitisation Through Play
  • Summary
  • 31. Sexual Health in Childhood and Young Adulthood
  • Introduction
  • Sexual Health
  • Age-Appropriate Sexual Behaviour
  • Adolescence and Sexuality
  • Trends in Young People’s Sexual Activity
  • The Consequences of Poor Sexual Health
  • Public Sexual Health Issues
  • Disorders Of Sexual Development
  • The Nurse’s Role
  • Section 4. Organisation of Children’s Nursing
  • 32. Health Problems of the Neonate
  • Introduction
  • The Developing Brain
  • Parents
  • Common Neonatal Diseases and Conditions
  • Neonatal Hypothermia
  • Neonatal Hypoglycaemia
  • Neonatal Nutrition
  • Infection in the Neonate
  • Pain in the Neonate
  • Neonatal Respiratory Problems
  • Summary
  • 33. The Role of the Community Children’s Nurse (CCN): Managing Care at ‘Home’
  • Part 1: The Development of the Role of The CCN
  • Part 2: Putting the Child at the Centre: The Importance of Childhood and ‘Home’
  • Part 3: Managing Risk: Negotiating Roles and Care Responsibilities of the Nurse, Child, and/or Carer
  • Part 4: Evaluating Care With the Child and Family
  • 34. Leading Innovation and Improvements in Children’s and Young People’s Nursing Through Best Evidence
  • Practical Reflections
  • Seminar Discusion Topic
  • Professional Conversations
  • Summary
  • 35. Caring for Children With Critical Illness
  • Introduction
  • What is Critical Illness?
  • Organisation of Pic Services
  • Identifying Levels of Paediatric Critical Care
  • Family-Centred Critical Care – Exploring The Evidence
  • Summary
  • 36. Emergency Care, Out of Hospital Care, Emergency Department Assessment and Inpatient Care
  • The Evolution of Emergency Care for Children and Young People
  • Transforming Urgent and Emergency Care
  • Urgent Care Services
  • Major Trauma, Trauma Team and Emergency Care Teams
  • Children’s Nurses in Emergency Departments
  • Family-Centred Care in the Emergency Department
  • Summary
  • 37. Pharmacological Interventions, Calculations, Administration and Evaluation
  • Introduction
  • Calculating to Promote Safe Administration of Medicines
  • Interventions to Promote The Safe Administration of Medicines to Chldren and Young People
  • Pharmacological Knowledge Needed to Support Safe Administration of Medicines to Cyp
  • The Prescription – Why Cyp are Different and Need Special Consideration?
  • Working in Partnership With Children And Families – Evaluating Care and Promoting Adherence to Medication Regimens
  • 38. Children and Surgery
  • Why Children Need Surgery
  • Ethics and the Law in Paediatric Perioperative Settings
  • Pre-Admission Programmes
  • Purpose and Role of the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist
  • Flow Through the Operating Rooms
  • Parents In Post-Operative Recovemry
  • Common Paediatric Surgeries
  • 39. Caring for Children and Young People With Cancer
  • Introduction
  • What is Cancer?
  • Cancer Treatments
  • Models of Care Delivery
  • Psychological Well-Being
  • Teenagers And Young Adults
  • Living Beyond A Cancer Diagnosis
  • Palliative and end-of-Life Care and Death
  • Summary
  • 40. Children Living With Long-Term Conditions
  • Introduction
  • Defining Long-Term Conditions
  • Living with a Long-Term Condition: Health-Related Quality of Life
  • Continuity, Relationships and Multi-Disciplinary/Agency Team Working
  • Children Doing It for Themselves! Self-Care in Childhood
  • Long-Term Conditions In A Digital Age
  • Summary
  • 41. Children Living With Long-Term Conditions: Child and Adolescent Mental Health: The Nursing Response
  • Introduction – A Call to Action
  • Understanding the Policy Framework and Legal Context of Caring for Children and Young People with Mental Health Needs
  • Promoting Emotional Health and Well-Being and the Role of Schools
  • Understanding the Link Between Physical and Psychological Health Needs in Children and Young People
  • The Developmental and Social Determinants of Mental Health Issues in Children and Young People
  • The Continuum of Mental Health and Illness and the Factors That Promote Health and Increase Risk Factors
  • The Role of Children’s Nurses in Helping Specific Groups of Young People
  • Using Core Interpersonal Nursing Skills to Support Children and Young People Experiencing Mental Distress
  • The Therapeutic Relationship
  • Summary
  • 42. Children With a Learning Disability and/or Autistic Spectrum Conditions
  • Introduction
  • Context of Care
  • The Prevalence of People With a Learning Disability And/Or an Autistic Spectrum Condition
  • Terminology
  • Diagnosis
  • Definitions and Causes of Learning Disability
  • Definitions and Causes of Autism
  • The Health Needs of Children with Learning Disabilities and/or Autistic Spectrum Conditions
  • The Impact of Learning Disabilities and/or Autistic Spectrum Conditions for the Child and the Family
  • Working Together
  • Jenny
  • Simon
  • Summary
  • 43. Care of the Child and Young Person Requiring Palliative and End-of-Life Care
  • Introduction
  • Palliative Care for Children
  • End-of-Life Care
  • Spiritual Care
  • Care of the Child Following Death
  • Bereavement Care
  • The Needs of The Health Care Professional
  • Summary
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 746
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: November 30, 2020
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702065033
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780702062322

About the Authors

Edward Glasper

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor (Child Health Nursing), University of Southampton School of Nursing and Midwifery, Southampton, UK Professor (child health)

James Richardson

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer (Children's Nursing), School of Nursing, Kingston University/St George's University of London, London, UK

Dr Randall

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Teaching Fellow, University of Southampton School of Nursing and Midwifery, Southampton, UK

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