A Combined MRI and Histology Atlas of the Rhesus Monkey Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates

2nd Edition


  • Kadharbatcha Saleem
  • Nikos Logothetis
  • Description

    The second edition of this atlas maps the detailed architectonic subdivisions of the cortical and subcortical areas in the macaque monkey brain using high-resolution magnetic resonance (MR) images and the corresponding histology sections in the same animal. This edition of the atlas is unlike anything else available as it includes the detailed cyto- and chemoarchitectonic delineations of the brain areas in all three planes of sections (horizontal, coronal, and sagittal) that are derived from the same animal. This is a significant progress because in functional imaging studies, such as fMRI, both the horizontal and sagittal planes of sections are often the preferred planes given that multiple functionally active regions can be visualized simultaneously in a single horizontal or sagittal section. This combined MRI and histology atlas is designed to provide an easy-to-use reference for anatomical and physiological studies in macaque monkeys, and in functional-imaging studies in human and non-human primates using fMRI and PET.

    Key Features

    • The first rhesus monkey brain atlas with horizontal, coronal, and sagittal planes of sections, derived from the same animal.
    • Shows the first detailed delineations of the cortical and subcortical areas in horizontal, coronal, and sagittal plane of sections in the same animal using different staining methods.
    • Horizonal series illustrates the dorsoventral extent of the left hemisphere in 47 horizontal MRI and photomicrographic sections matched with 47 detailed diagrams (Chapter 3).
    • Coronal series presents the full rostrocaudal extent of the right hemisphere in 76 coronal MRI and photomicrographic sections, with 76 corresponding drawings (Chapter 4).
    • Sagittal series shows the complete mediolateral extent of the left hemisphere in 30 sagittal MRI sections, with 30 corresponding drawings (Chapter 5). The sagittal series also illustrates the location of different fiber tracts in the white matter.
    • Individual variability - provides selected cortical and subcortical areas in three-dimensional MRI (horizontal, coronal, and sagittal MRI planes). For comparison, it also provides similar areas in coronal MRI section in six other monkeys. (Chapter 6)
    • Vasculature - indicates the corresponding location of all major blood vessels in horizontal, coronal, and sagittal series of sections.
    • Provides updated information on the cortical and subcortical areas, such as architectonic areas and nomenclature, with references, in chapter 2.
    • Provides the sterotaxic grid derived from the in-vivo MR image.


    Researchers who work with monkeys and humans in systems neuroscience, imaging, physiology, anatomy.

    Table of Contents



    About the Authors



    Chapter 1. Introduction, Methods and Presentation of Data


    Materials and Methods

    Presentation of Illustrations in this Book

    Chapter 2. Cytoarchitectonic and Chemoarchitectonic Organization of Cortical and Subcortical areas

    Temporal Cortex

    Insular Cortex

    Prefrontal Cortex

    Premotor and Motor Cortex (Agranular Frontal Cortex)

    Cingulate and Retrosplenial Cortex

    Postcentral Gyrus, Parieto-Occipital Cortex, and Nearby Cortex

    Other Cortical Areas


    Subcortical Structures

    White Matter Fiber Tracts


    Chapter 3. Horizontal Series

    MRI, Photomicrographs and Drawings in Horizontal Plane

    Chapter 4. Coronal Series

    MRI, Photomicrographs and Drawings in Coronal Plane

    Chapter 5. Sagittal Series

    MRI, and Drawings in Sagittal Plane

    Chapter 6. Selected Cortical and Subcortical Areas in three Different MRI Planes and Different Cases

    Selected cortical areas (Scheme 1)

    Selected subcortical areas (Scheme 2)

    Index of Abbreviations


    No. of pages:
    © 2012
    Academic Press
    Print ISBN:
    Electronic ISBN:


    "This atlas is quite big (11x14"), which allows large-scale presentation of images and diagrams, and thorough labeling. This second edition reference is for researchers doing studies on macaque monkeys as well as other non-human primates and humans using fMRI and PET. Building on the first edition, the second is enhanced with horizontal, coronal, and sagittal planes of sections; indication from MRI sections of variability between individuals; and mapping of vasculature, as well as other updates."--Reference and Research Book News, February 2013
    "This 2nd edition of Saleem and Logothetis’s atlas of the rhesus monkey brain in stereotaxic coordinates far surpasses their path-breaking 1st edition, which showed not only the cytoarchitectural divisions of the cortex but also its chemoarchitecture and MR images in both coronal and horizontal sections. Added now are a sagittal series through the same brain, as well as fiber tracts, blood vessels, and MRI sections of several other monkeys to illustrate individual variation. Whether or not you have the 1st edition, the splendid 2nd is a must."--Dr. Mortimer Mishkin, Lab Neuropsychol, National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH-NIH)

    Reviews for the 1st Edition:

    "...a comprehensive atlas rich in structural, histological, and functional detail. An absolute must for all neuroscientists navigating the rhesus monkey brain."--Dr. Leslie G. Ungerleider, NIMH-NIH
    "This is an extraordinarily detailed and comprehensive atlas of the macaque monkey brain. The figures are beautiful and very clear; the inclusion of sections stained with three staining methods, and their correlation with high-resolution MRI scans gives the atlas depth and validity. It should be widely used, and is likely to become a standard."--
    Dr. Joseph L. Price, Washington University in St. Louis
    "Simply excellent!