A Challenge to Social Security - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121446802, 9781483261263

A Challenge to Social Security

1st Edition

The Changing Roles of Women and Men in American Society

Editors: Richard V. Burkhauser Karen C. Holden
eBook ISBN: 9781483261263
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th April 1982
Page Count: 298
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Description

A Challenge to Social Security: The Changing Roles of Women and Men in American Society is a collection of papers that deals with social security reform. The papers concern insurance and pure income transfer aspects of various proposals and the assumptions regarding the family and work behavior found in each proposal. The proposed reforms attempt to fix the shortcomings of the Old Age, Survivors Insurance (OASI) Program, sometimes at the expense of reducing the subsidy for women who remain at home, or through alterations of the subsidy's nature. Other papers discuss the current spouse benefits under the dual entitlement rule; homemaker credits; child-care drop-out years; and one going against the grain, earnings sharing. One paper sees earning sharing as the only way to provide security to the homemaker without being unfair to the working wife. Other papers tackle the issues of women and a two-tier social security system; the double-decker alternative to eliminate dependency under social security; and the social security reform from a feminist's perspective. This collection can prove useful for economists, sociologists, political scientists, and policy makers involved in welfare and social security.

Table of Contents


List of Figures and Tables

Contributors

Acknowledgments

Director's Foreword

1 Introduction

The Current System: How It Works

Historical Conflicts in OASI

The Controversy over Spouse Benefits

A Look at Alternative Reforms

Conclusions

2 Concepts Underlying the Current Controversy about Women's Social Security Benefits

Basic Concepts in Social Insurance and Related Programs

Changing the Social Security System

Summary

3 Supplemental OASI Benefits to Homemakers Through Current Spouse Benefits, a Homemaker Credit, and Child-Care Drop-Out Years

The Dual Entitlement Provision: An Implicit Means Test

The Distribution of Dependent Benefits among the Aged

Substituting an Explicit Credit for Spouse Benefits

Evaluation of Alternative Systems

Appendix

Discussion

4 Earnings Sharing: Incremental and Fundamental Reform

Spouse Benefit versus Earnings Sharing

The Current Earnings-Sharing Proposals

Conclusion

Discussion

5 Women and a Two-Tier Social Security System

Major Problems Surrounding the Treatment of Women under Social Security

The Two-Tier System with Earnings Sharing

Impact on Women

Conclusion

Appendix

Discussion

6 The Double-Decker Alternative for Eliminating Dependency under Social Security

The Double-Decker Alternative for Eliminating Dependency under Social Security

The Simulation

The Immediate Impact of Adopting a Double-Decker System

The Overall Social Security Benefit Structure and the Objectives of Old-Age Income Maintenance Policy

Discussion

7 Disability Insurance under Proposed Reforms

Introduction

Definitions and Concepts

The Objectives of Disability Insurance (DI)

The Effects of Extending DI Coverage

Administrative Feasibility of Extending Coverage

Conclusion

Discussion

8 Occupational Pension Plans and Spouse Benefits

Historical Background

Current Pension Plan Benefits for Spouses

Rights of a Spouse to Employee Pension Entitlements on Dissolution of Marriage

The Future of Spouse Benefits under Occupational Pension Plans

Summary

Discussion

9 The Housewife and Social Security Reform: A Feminist Perspective

10 Incremental Change in Social Security Needed to Result in Equal and Fair Treatment of Men and Women

Nature of OASDI and Medicare

History of Equal Treatment of Men and Women under Social Security

Criticism of Present Treatment of Men and Women

Proposed Solutions and Their Weaknesses

Solutions Through Incremental Change

Conclusion

11 The Changing Nature of Social Security

Glossary

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
298
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483261263

About the Editor

Richard V. Burkhauser

Karen C. Holden