A Challenge to Social Security - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121446802, 9781483261263

A Challenge to Social Security

1st Edition

The Changing Roles of Women and Men in American Society

Editors: Richard V. Burkhauser Karen C. Holden
eBook ISBN: 9781483261263
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th April 1982
Page Count: 298
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Description

A Challenge to Social Security: The Changing Roles of Women and Men in American Society is a collection of papers that deals with social security reform. The papers concern insurance and pure income transfer aspects of various proposals and the assumptions regarding the family and work behavior found in each proposal. The proposed reforms attempt to fix the shortcomings of the Old Age, Survivors Insurance (OASI) Program, sometimes at the expense of reducing the subsidy for women who remain at home, or through alterations of the subsidy's nature. Other papers discuss the current spouse benefits under the dual entitlement rule; homemaker credits; child-care drop-out years; and one going against the grain, earnings sharing. One paper sees earning sharing as the only way to provide security to the homemaker without being unfair to the working wife. Other papers tackle the issues of women and a two-tier social security system; the double-decker alternative to eliminate dependency under social security; and the social security reform from a feminist's perspective. This collection can prove useful for economists, sociologists, political scientists, and policy makers involved in welfare and social security.

Table of Contents


List of Figures and Tables


Contributors


Acknowledgments


Director's Foreword


1 Introduction


The Current System: How It Works


Historical Conflicts in OASI


The Controversy over Spouse Benefits


A Look at Alternative Reforms


Conclusions


2 Concepts Underlying the Current Controversy about Women's Social Security Benefits


Basic Concepts in Social Insurance and Related Programs


Changing the Social Security System


Summary


3 Supplemental OASI Benefits to Homemakers Through Current Spouse Benefits, a Homemaker Credit, and Child-Care Drop-Out Years


The Dual Entitlement Provision: An Implicit Means Test


The Distribution of Dependent Benefits among the Aged


Substituting an Explicit Credit for Spouse Benefits


Evaluation of Alternative Systems


Appendix


Discussion


4 Earnings Sharing: Incremental and Fundamental Reform


Spouse Benefit versus Earnings Sharing


The Current Earnings-Sharing Proposals


Conclusion


Discussion


5 Women and a Two-Tier Social Security System


Major Problems Surrounding the Treatment of Women under Social Security


The Two-Tier System with Earnings Sharing


Impact on Women


Conclusion


Appendix


Discussion


6 The Double-Decker Alternative for Eliminating Dependency under Social Security


The Double-Decker Alternative for Eliminating Dependency under Social Security


The Simulation


The Immediate Impact of Adopting a Double-Decker System


The Overall Social Security Benefit Structure and the Objectives of Old-Age Income Maintenance Policy


Discussion


7 Disability Insurance under Proposed Reforms


Details

No. of pages:
298
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483261263

About the Editor

Richard V. Burkhauser

Karen C. Holden

Ratings and Reviews