Flow-Induced Alignment in Composite Materials

Flow-Induced Alignment in Composite Materials

2nd Edition - October 19, 2021

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  • Editors: T.D. Papthanasiou, Andre Benard
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128185759
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128185742

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The purpose of aligning short fibers in a fiber-reinforced material is to improve the mechanical properties of the resulting composite. Aligning the fibers, generally in a preferred direction, allows them to contribute as much as possible to reinforcing the material. The first edition of this book detailed, in a single volume, the science, processing, applications, characterization and properties of composite materials reinforced with short fibers that have been orientated in a preferred direction by flows arising during processing. The technology of fiber-reinforced composites is continually evolving and this new edition provides timely and much needed information about this important class of engineering materials. Each of the original chapters have been brought fully up-to-date and new developments such as: the advent of nano-composites and the issues relating to their alignment; the wider use of long-fiber composites and the appearance of models able to capture their orientation during flow; the wider use of flows in micro-channels in the context of composites fabrication; and the increase in computing power, which has made relevant simulations (especially coupling flow kinematics to fiber content and orientation) much easier to perform are all covered in detail. The book will be an essential up-to-date reference resource for materials scientists, students, and engineers who are working in the relevant areas of particulate composites, short fiber-reinforced composites or nanocomposites.

Key Features

  • Presents recent progress on flow-induced alignment, modelling and design of fiber and particulate filled polymer composites
  • Discusses important advances such as alignment of CNTs in polymer nanocomposites and molecular alignment of polymers induced by the injection molding process in the presence of fillers such as short fibers
  • Presents fiber interaction/diffusion modelling and also the fiber flexure/breakage models


Scientists, students, engineers and technicians working in the relevant areas of particulate composites, short fiber-reinforced composites or nanocomposites

Table of Contents

  • 1 Flow-induced alignment in composite materials: an update on current applications and future prospects
    Andre Benard and David Guell

    2 FiberSridhar Ranganathan and Suresh G Advani

    3 Closure models for flow-induced alignment of particles of nearly arbitrary shapes
    Andre Benard, Liping Jia and Dilip Mandal

    4 Macroscopic modeling of the evolution of fiber orientation during flow
    Julien Fe´rec, Erwan Bertevas, Gilles Ausias and Phan-Thien Nhan

    5 Flow-induced alignment in injection molding of fiber-reinforced polymer composites
    T.D. Papathanasiou, Ines Kuehnert and Nickolas D. Polychronopoulos

    6 Control and manipulation of fiber orientation in large-scale processing
    P.S Allan and M.J Bevis

    7 Theory and simulation of flow-induced microstructures in liquid crystalline materials
    Alejandro D. Rey and Edtson E. Herrera-Valencia

    8 Mesostructural characterization of aligned fiber composites
    A.R. Clarke, N.C. Davidson and G. Archenhold

    9 Materials property modeling and design of short fiber composites
    R. Brooks

Product details

  • No. of pages: 398
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2021
  • Published: October 19, 2021
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128185759
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128185742

About the Editors

T.D. Papthanasiou

Dr T. D.Papathanasiou obtained his engineering diploma from the National technical University of Athens and his PhD in chemical engineering from McGill University. Between 1992 and 1997 he was Unilever Lecturer in Chemical Engineering at Imperial College, London and he is currently Associate professor at the University of South Carolina, USA.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of South Carolina, USA

Andre Benard

Dr. André Bénard is an associate professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Michigan State University. Dr. Bénard’s research interests include sustainable manufacturing and materials processing, multiphase flow and heat transfer (liquid/liquid and solid/liquid mixtures), and the design and modeling of new separation and processing equipment.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Michigan State University, USA

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