Advanced Clinical Interpretation

Edited by

  • James Holdnack, Pearson Assessment, San Antonio, TX, USA
  • Lisa Drozdick, Pearson Assessment, San Antonio, TX, USA
  • Lawrence Weiss, Pearson Assessment, San Antonio, TX, USA
  • Grant Iverson, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

This book provides users of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV) with information on applying the WAIS-IV, including additional indexes and information regarding use in special populations for advanced clinical use and interpretation. The book offers sophisticated users of the WAIS-IV and Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS-IV) guidelines on how to enhance the clinical applicability of these tests.

The first section of the book provides an overview of the WAIS-IV, WMS-IV, and new Advanced Clinical Solutions for Use with the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV (ACS). In this section, examiners will learn:

  • Normal versus atypical score variability
  • Low-score prevalence in healthy adults versus clinical populations
  • Assessing whether poor performance reflects a decline in function or is the result of suboptimal effort

New social cognition measures found in the ACS are also presented. The second part focuses on applying the topics in the first section to specific clinical conditions, including recommended protocols for specific clientele (e.g. using demographically adjusted norms when evaluating individuals with brain injury). Common clinical conditions are discussed, including Alzheimer’s disease, mild cognitive impairment, traumatic brain injury, and more. Each chapter provides case examples applying all three test batteries and using report examples as they are obtained from the scoring assistant. Finally, the use of the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV and the ACS in forensic settings is presented.

View full description


Research/experimental psychologists


Book information

  • Published: July 2013
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-386934-0


"Some superb cases clearly illustrate advanced interpretation strategies, as well as common pitfalls for inexperienced examiners…This book truly provides an advanced look at the use and interpretation of these instruments that goes well beyond the simple cookbook-style offerings seen elsewhere. It is not geared towards beginning graduate students, but every practitioner should eventually read it to engage in competent assessment with these instruments." Rating: 5 Stars--Doody.com, March 21, 2014
"Mental health researchers and practitioners provide a detailed overview of the psychometric instruments Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV), the Wechsler Memory Scale - Fourth Edition (WMS-IV), Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS), and the WMS-IV Flexible Approach. They also describe the cognitive abilities required to complete the tasks, and present normative data for new indexes."--Reference & Research Book News, October 2013

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 - Overview of the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV/ACS

Lisa Whipple Drozdick, James A. Holdnack, Lawrence G. Weiss, and Xiaobin Zhou

Chapter 2 - Understanding and Using Multivariate Base Rates with the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV

Brian L. Brooks, Grant L. Iverson and James A. Holdnack

Chapter 3 - Understanding Index and Subtest Scatter in Healthy Adults

Howard Oakes, David Lovejoy, Sarah Tartar and James A. Holdnack

Chapter 4 - Demographic Adjustments to WAIS-IV/WMS-IV Norms

James A. Holdnack and Lawrence G. Weiss

Chapter 5 - Predicting Premorbid Ability for WAIS-IV, WMS-IV and WASI-II

James A. Holdnack, Mike R. Schoenberg, Rael T. Lange and Grant L. Iverson

Chapter 6 - Serial Assessment with WAIS-IV and WMS-IV

James A. Holdnack, Lisa Whipple Drozdick, Grant L. Iverson and Gordon J. Chelune

Chapter 7 - Assessing Performance Validity with the ACS

James A. Holdnack, Scott Millis, Glenn J. Larrabee and Grant L. Iverson

Chapter 8 - Assessing Social Cognition Using the ACS for WAIS-IV and WMS-IV

Yana Suchy and James A. Holdnack

Chapter 9 - Assessing Cognition in Older Adults with the WAIS-IV, WMS-IV, and ACS

Lisa Whipple Drozdick, James A. Holdnack, Timothy Salthouse and C. Munro Cullum

Chapter 10 - Using the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV/ACS Following Moderate-Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

Grant L. Iverson, James A. Holdnack and Rael T. Lange

Chapter 11 - Assessing Individual’s with Psychiatric and Developmental Disorders

Gerald Goldstein, Howard Oakes, David Lovejoy and James A. Holdnack