Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science


  • Donald McLusky, University of Stirling, Scotland, UK
  • Eric Wolanski, James Cook University & Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia

The study of estuaries and coasts has seen enormous growth in recent years, since changes in these areas have a large effect on the food chain, as well as on the physics and chemistry of the ocean. As the coasts and river banks around the world become more densely populated, the pressure on these ecosystems intensifies, putting a new focus on environmental, socio-economic and policy issues.

Written by a team of international expert scientists, under the guidance of Chief Editors Eric Wolanski and Donald McClusky, the Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science examines topics in depth, and aims to provide a comprehensive scientific resource for all professionals and students in the area of estuarine and coastal science

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Researchers, advanced undergraduate and graduate students, engineers, professionals and others whose work or study concerns rivers, estuaries, and coastal seas.


Book information

  • Published: March 2012
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-374711-2

Table of Contents

Vol. 1 Classification of estuarine and nearshore coastal ecosystems
C Simenstad (University of Washington, USA) and T Yanagi (Kyushu University, Japan)

Introduction to Classification of Estuarine and Nearshore Coastal Ecosystems | Global Variability in Estuaries and Coastal Settings | Tectonic and Geomorphic Evolution of Estuaries and Coasts | Classes of Nearshore Coasts | Classification of Estuarine Circulation | Variation among Estuarine Geochemistry and Productivity | Ecosystem and Biotic Classifications of Estuaries and Coasts | Classifying Ecological Quality and Integrity of Estuaries | Application of Estuarine and Coastal Classifications in Marine Spatial Management | Resource Base: Global Distribution and Characteristics of Estuaries and Associated Coastal Shores

Vol. 2 Water and fine sediment circulation
RJ Uncles (Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK) and SG Monismith (Stanford University, USA)

Water and Fine-Sediment Circulation | Turbulence and Stratification in Estuaries and Coastal Seas | The Dynamics of Strongly Stratified Estuaries | Small-Scale Surface Fronts in Estuaries | Residual Circulation, Mixing, and Dispersion | Free Surface Motion: Tides, Seiches, and Sub-Tidal Variations Large Estuaries (Effects of Rotation) | Dynamics of Hypersaline Estuaries: Laguna San Ignacio, Mexico | Wind Stresses on Estuaries | Waves in Coastal and Estuarine Waters | Interactions between Estuaries and Coasts: River Plumes - Their Formation, Transport, and Dispersal | Coastal Circulation | Flow Over and Through Biota | Biological Influences on Sediment Behavior and Transport | The Physical Analyses of Muddy Sedimentation Processes | Measurement Technologies - Measure What, Where, Why, and How? | Modeling of Estuarine and Coastal Waters

Vol. 3 Estuarine and coastal geology and geomorphology
JD Hansom (University of Glasgow, UK) and BW Flemming (Senckenberg Institute, Germany)

Estuarine and Coastal Geology and Geomorphology - A Synthesis | Geology, Morphology, and Sedimentology of Estuaries and Coasts | Sea-Level Change and Coastal Response (Sea-Level Variation, and Estuarine and Coastal Environments) | Wave-Dominated Coasts | River-Dominated Coasts | Tidal Flat Morphodynamics | Cliffs and Rock Coasts | Dune Coasts | Glaciated Coasts | Polar Coasts | Coastal Erosion Processes and Impacts: The Consequences of Earth's Changing Climate and Human Modifications of the Environment

Vol. 4 Geochemistry of estuaries and coasts
G Shimmield (Bigelow Laboratory, USA)

Introduction to the Geochemistry of Estuaries and Coasts | Sediment Record and Storage of Organic Carbon and the Nutrient Elements (N, P, and Si) in Estuaries and Near-Coastal Seas | Tracer Studies of Benthic Communities and Biogeochemical Processes in Coastal and Estuarine Marine Environments | The Role of Suspended Particles in Estuarine and Coastal Biogeochemistry | Redox Metal Processes and Controls in Estuaries | Aggregation of Colloids in Estuaries | Modeling Organic Compounds in the Estuarine and Coastal Environment | Submarine Groundwater Discharge: A Source of Nutrients, Metals, and Pollutants to the Coastal Ocean | Indicators of Anthropogenic Change and Biological Risk in Coastal Aquatic Environments | The Production of Trace Gases in the Estuarine and Coastal Environment | Integrated Risk Assessments for the Management of Contaminated Sediments in Estuaries and Coastal Systems | The Use of Biomarkers as Simple, Rapid Cost-Effective Techniques to Aid in an Integrated Approach to Environmental Management and Risk Assessment with Particular Emphasis on Radionuclides

Vol. 5 Biogeochemistry
RWP Laane (Deltares, Netherlands) & JJ Middelburg (Utrecht University & NIOO, Netherlands)

Biogeochemistry, An Introduction | Dissolved Organic Carbon Cycling and Transformation | Particulate Organic Carbon Cycling and Transformation | Carbon Dioxide and Methane Dynamics in Estuaries | Oxygen - Dynamics and Biogeochemical Consequences | Phosphorus Cycling in the Estuarine and Coastal Zones: Sources, Sinks, and Transformations | Internal Cycling of Nitrogen and Nitrogen Transformations | Nitrogen Cycle - External Cycling: Losses and Gains | Estuarine and Coastal Sediments - Coupled Biogeochemical Cycling | Coupled C, N, P, and O Biogeochemical Cycling at the Land-Ocean Interface | Biogeochemical Budgeting in Estuaries

Vol. 6 Trophic relationships of coastal and estuarine ecosystems
J Luczkovich (East Carolina University, USA) and J Wilson (Trinity College, Ireland)

Introduction to Food Webs in Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystems | Particulate Organic Detritus and Detritus Feeders in Coastal Food Webs | Primary Producers: Phytoplankton Ecology and Trophic Dynamics in Coastal Waters | Trophic Interactions in Coastal and Estuarine Mangrove Forest Ecosystems | Plankton Consumer Groups: Copepods | Gelatinous Zooplankton and Their Trophic Roles | Meiofauna as Consumers in Coastal Food Webs | High-Trophic-Level Consumers: Elasmobranchs | High Trophic Level Consumers: Trophic Relationships of Reptiles and Amphibians of Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystems | Ecosystem Studies: Sandy Coastal Ecosystems | Trophic Relationships in Salt Marshes of Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystems | Whole Food-Web Studies: Mangroves | Food Web of Intertidal Mussel and Oyster Beds

Vol. 7 Functioning of ecosystems at the land-ocean interface
C Heip (NIOO and NIOZ, Netherlands), K. Philippart (NIOZ, Netherlands) and JJ Middelburg (Utrecht University & NIOO, Netherlands)

Functioning of Ecosystems at the Land-Ocean Interface | Trends in Estuarine Phytoplankton Ecology | Functional Consequences of Invasive Species in Coastal and Estuarine Systems | Physical Ecosystem Engineers and the Functioning of Estuaries and Coasts | Metabolic Balance between Ecosystem Production and Consumption | Connectivity of Estuaries | Use of Stable Isotopes to Understand Food Webs and Ecosystem Functioning in Estuaries | Coastal Monitoring Programs

Vol. 8 Human-induced problems (uses & abuses)
M Kennish (Rutgers University, USA) and M Elliott (University of Hull, UK)

Introduction - Overview | Estuarine and Coastal Structures: Environmental Effects : A Focus on Shore and Nearshore Structures | Chemical Introductions to Estuarine and Coastal Systems: Biodegradable Organic Chemicals | Chemical Introductions to the Systems: Point Source (*1) Pollution. 2: Persistent Chemicals | Chemical Introductions to the Systems: Diffuse and Nonpoint Source Pollution from Chemicals (Nutrients: Eutrophication) Biological Introductions to the Systems: Macroorganisms | Removal of Physical Materials from Systems: Loss of Space, Area, and Habitats | Removals of the Physical Resources from the Systems: Harvesting Energy | Removals (Wild Harvesting) of the Biological Resources from Systems 1 | The Culture of Aquatic Species: Approaches, Effects, and Future Developments | Climate Change: Effects, Causes, Consequences: Physical, Hydromorphological, Ecophysiological, and Biogeographical Changes

Vol. 9 Estuarine and coastal ecosystem modeling
D Baird (Stellenbosch University, South Africa) and A Mehta (University of Florida, USA)

Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystem Modeling: A Synthesis | Contemporary Concepts and Models of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function: Systems-Based Approaches for Exploring Landscape-Scale Relationships | Ecological Modeling in Environmental Management: History and Applications | Quantitative Methods for Ecological Network Analysis and Its Application to Coastal Ecosystems | Spatial and Temporal Models of Energy and Material Dynamics in Flow Networks of Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems | Ecopath Theory, Modeling, and Application to Coastal Ecosystems | Inverse Modeling in Modern Ecology and Application to Coastal Ecosystems | The LOICZ Biogeochemical Modeling Protocol and Its Application to Estuarine Ecosystems | Artificial Neural Network Modeling of Phytoplankton Blooms and Its Application to Sampling Sites within the Same Estuary | Integration of Bayesian Inference Techniques with Mathematical Modeling | Hypoxia in Waters of the Coastal Zone: Causes, Effects, and Modeling Approaches | Forecasting and Modeling of Harmful Algal Blooms in the Coastal Zone: A Prospectus | Ecosystem Modeling in Small Subtropical Estuaries and Embayments | Material Exchange Processes between Sediment and Water in Coastal Ecosystems and Their Modeling | Understanding the Nitrogen Cycle through Network Models in Coastal Ecosystems | Analytical Characterization of Selective Benthic Flux Components in Estuarine and Coastal Waters | Effects of Some Ecohydrological Thresholds on the Stability of Aquatic Fine-Sediment Beds | Linking Ecology, Modeling, and Management in Coastal Systems

Vol. 10 Ecohydrology and restoration
L Chicharo (University of Algarve, Portugal) and M Zalewski (Lodz University, Poland)

Introduction to Ecohydrology and Restoration of Estuaries and Coastal Ecosystems | Hydrology and Biota Interactions as Driving Forces for Ecosystem Functioning | Quantification of Coastal Ecosystem Resilience | Integration of Social and Cultural Aspects in Designing EH and Restoration Solutions | River-Coast Connectivity, Estuarine Nursery Function and Coastal Fisheries | Interaction of River Basins and Coastal Waters - an Integrated Ecohydrological View | Restoration of Seagrass Community to Reverse Eutrophication in Estuaries | Restoring Coastal Ecosystems from Fisheries and Aquaculture Impacts | Restoration Strategies for Intertidal Salt Marshes | The Pressing Challenges of Mangrove Rehabilitation: Pond Reversion and Coastal Protection | Restoration of Groundwater Quality to Sustain Coastal Ecosystems Productivity | Aquatic Ecosystems, Human Health, and Ecohydrology | Ecohydrology Modeling: Tools for Management

Vol. 11 Management of estuaries and coasts
H Kremer (LOICZ) and J Pinckney (University of South Carolina, USA)

Integrated Management of Coasts in Times of Global Change - A Social-Ecological System Perspective - Introduction and Volume Synthesis | The Social Dimension of Social-Ecological Management | Management Case Study: Tampa Bay, Florida | Management Case Study: Mississippi River | Management Case Study: Boston Harbor/Massachusetts Bay, Massachusetts | Practitioner Reflections on Integrated Coastal Management Experience in Europe, South Africa, and Ecuador | ICZM and the Wadden Sea: Management across Boundaries | Management of the Sustainable Development of Deltas | Integrated Management in the Seto Inland Sea, Japan | Integrated Coastal and Estuarine Management in South and Southeast Asia | Integrated Coastal and Estuarine Management in Arctic Coastal Systems | Assessing Major Environmental Issues in the Caribbean and Pacific Coasts of Colombia, South America: An Overview of Fluvial Fluxes, Coral Reef Degradation, and Mangrove Ecosystems Impacted by River Diversion | The Coastal and Marine Environment of Western and Eastern Africa: Challenges to Sustainable Management and Socioeconomic Development

Vol. 12 Ecological economics of estuaries and coasts
M van den Belt (Massey University, New Zealand) and R Costanza (Portland State University, USA)

Ecological Economics of Estuaries and Coasts | What Are Ecosystem Services? | Valuation of Coastal Ecosystem Services | Environmental Benefit Transfers of Ecosystem Service Valuation | Integrated Modeling of Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystem Services | Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems and Their Services | Ecosystem Services Provided by Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems: Storm Protection as a Service from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems | The Forgotten Service Food as an Ecosystem Service from Estuarine and Coastal Zones | Nutrient Recycling and Waste Treatment as a Service from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems | Climate Regulation as a Service from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems | Recreational, Cultural, and Aesthetic Services from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems | New Sustainable Governance Institutions for Estuaries and Coasts | Enhancing the Resilience of Coastal Communities: Dealing with Immediate and Long-Term Impacts of Natural Hazards | Scenarios for Coastal Vulnerability Assessment | A Scenario Analysis of Climate Change and Ecosystem Services for the Great Barrier Reef