The ROV Manual book cover

The ROV Manual

A User Guide for Observation Class Remotely Operated Vehicles

The ROV Manual: A User Guide for Observation-Class Remotely Operated Vehicles is the first manual to provide a basic ""How To"" for using small observation-class ROVs for surveying, inspection and research procedures. It serves as a user guide that offers complete training and information about ROV operations for technicians, underwater activities enthusiasts, and engineers working offshore. The book focuses on the observation-class ROV and underwater uses for industrial, recreational, commercial, and scientific studies. It provides information about marine robotics and navigation tools used to obtain mission results and data faster and more efficiently. This manual also covers two common denominators: the technology and its application. It introduces the basic technologies needed and their relationship to specific requirements; and it helps identify the equipment essential for a cost-effective and efficient operation. This user guide can be invaluable in marine research and surveying, crime investigations, harbor security, military and coast guarding, commercial boating, diving and fishing, nuclear energy and hydroelectric inspection, and ROV courses in marine and petroleum engineering.

Marine research & surveying; nuclear energy/hydroelectric inspection; crime investigations; environmental monitoring agencies; harbour security; military & coast guard; commercial/recreational boating, diving & fishing; ROV courses in marine/petroleum engineering


Published: July 2007

Imprint: Butterworth Heinemann

ISBN: 978-0-7506-8148-3


  • "The ROV Manual is great! The information in The ROV Manual will allow operators to get the most out of an ROV while returning the vehicle safely to the dock. The ROV Manual is the next best thing to having an ROV expert on site. I plan to carry it along on my next undersea adventure. Good job!" - Emory Kristof - Famed National Geographic Underwater Explorer and Photogapher


  • Foreword



    History and dedication


    1 A bit of history

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 What is an ROV?

    1.3 In the beginning

    1.4 Today’s observation-class vehicles

    2 ROV design

    2.1 Underwater vehicles to ROVs

    2.2 Autonomy plus: ‘why the tether?’

    2.3 The ROV

    3 ROV components

    3.1 Mechanical and electro/mechanical systems

    3.2 Primary subsystems

    3.3 Electrical considerations

    3.4 Control systems

    4 Underwater acoustics and positioning

    4.1 Underwater acoustics

    4.2 Acoustic positioning

    5 Sonar

    5.1 Sonar basics

    5.2 Sonar types and interpretation

    5.3 Sonar techniques

    6 Oceanography

    6.1 Distribution of water on Earth

    6.2 Properties of water

    6.3 Coastal zone classifications and bottom types

    6.4 Effects of wave pattern upon ROV operation

    7 Environment and navigation

    7.1 The 3D environment

    7.2 The necessity of achieving objectives through navigation

    7.3 Currents and tether management

    8 Homeland security

    8.1 Concept of operations

    8.2 Tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs)

    8.3 Operating characteristics of ROV size categories

    8.4 Port security needs

    8.5 Underwater environment of ports

    8.6 Navigation accessories

    8.7 Techniques for accomplishing port security tasks

    8.8 Development of TTPs for port security

    8.9 Results of procedures testing by sizes

    9 Explosive ordnance disposal and mine countermeasures

    9.1 Background

    9.2 EOD applications

    9.3 MCM today

    10 Public safety diving

    10.1 Public safety diving defined

    10.2 Mission objectives and finding items underwater with the ROV

    10.3 When to use the diver/when to use the ROV

    10.4 Search theory and electronic search techniques

    11 Commercial, scientific, and archeological

    11.1 Video documentation

    11.2 High current operations

    11.3 Operations on or near the bottom

    11.4 Enclosed structure penetrations

    11.5 Aquaculture

    11.6 Documentation and disposition

    12 Standard operating procedures

    12.1 Overall operational objectives

    12.2 Equipment mobilization

    12.3 Operational considerations

    12.4 Pre-dive operations and checks

    12.5 Specific considerations for operational deployment of ROVs

    12.6 Task list and guidelines

    12.7 Post-dive procedures

    13 Servicing and troubleshooting

    13.1 Maintenance

    13.2 Basics of ROV troubleshooting

    13.3 Tools and spares for field work

    13.4 Standard preventative maintenance checklist

    13.5 Operational forms

    14 Putting it all together

    14.1 Attention to detail

    14.2 Training and personnel qualifications

    14.3 Equipment setup considerations

    14.4 Division of responsibility

    14.5 Boat handling

    14.6 Marking the target(s)

    14.7 Methods for navigating to the target

    14.8 Sonar/ROV interaction

    Appendix A Test questions and answers




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