The Produce Contamination Problem book cover

The Produce Contamination Problem

Causes and Solutions

Understanding the causes and contributing factors leading to outbreaks of food-borne illness associated with contamination of fresh produce is a worldwide challenge for everyone from the growers of fresh-cut produce through the entire production and delivery process. The premise of The Produce Contamination Problem is that when human pathogen contamination of fresh produce occurs, it is extremely difficult to reduce pathogen levels sufficiently to assure microbiological safety with the currently available technologies. A wiser strategy would be to avoid crop production conditions that result in microbial contamination to start.

These critical, problem-oriented chapters have been written by researchers active in the areas of food safety and microbial contamination during production, harvesting, packing and fresh-cut processing of horticultural crops, and were designed to provide methods of contamination avoidance. Coverage includes policy and practices in the United States, Mexico and Central America, Europe, and Japan.

This book will be useful to growers, packers and fresh-cut processors and their trade associations and suppliers, especially those impacted by outbreaks of food-borne illness. Also a valuable source of information to researchers at universities and government agencies who are investigating means of avoiding contamination and improving the microbiological safety of fresh produce.

Hardbound, 492 Pages

Published: March 2014

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-404611-5


  • Part 1: Produce Contamination: Scope and Sources

      1. Scope of the Produce Contamination Problem

      2. Microbial Attachment and Persistence on Plants

      3. Identification of the Source of Contamination

      4. Manure Management

      5. Bioaerosol Contamination of Produce: Potential Issues from an Unexplored Contaminant Route

      6. Water Quality

      7. Disease Risks Posed by Wild Birds Associated with Agricultural Landscapes

      8. Produce Contamination by other Wildlife

      Part 2: Commodities Associated with Major Outbreaks and Recalls

        9. Leafy Vegetables

        10. Melons

        11. Microbiological Safety of Sprouted Seeds: Interventions and Regulations

        12. Salmonella and Tomatoes

        13. Tree Fruits and Nuts: Outbreaks, Contamination Sources, Prevention and Remediation

        14. Berry Contamination: Outbreaks and Contamination Issues

        Part 3: Contamination Avoidance Pre and Postharvest

        15. Produce Contamination Issues in Mexico and Central America

        16. Regulatory issues in Europe Regarding Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Safety

        Part 4: Technology for Reduction of Human Pathogens in Fresh Produce

        17. Disinfection of Contaminated Produce with Conventional Washing and Sanitizing Technology

        18. Advanced Technologies for Detection and Elimination of Bacterial Pathogens

        19. Conclusions and Recommendations


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