PVT and Phase Behaviour Of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids


  • Ali Danesh, Institute of Petrolum Engineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland, U.K.

This book on PVT and Phase Behaviour Of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids is volume 47 in the Developments in Petroleum Science series. The chapters in the book are: Phase Behaviour Fundamentals, PVT Tests and Correlations, Phase Equilibria, Equations of State, Phase Behaviour Calculations, Fluid Characterisation, Gas Injection, Interfacial Tension, and Application in Reservoir Simulation.
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Book information

  • Published: May 1998
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-82196-6


...This book provides both a sound introduction to PVT and its application in reservoir engineering, and a wealth of detail and reference material for the more experienced engineer.
The approach demonstrates the linkages between the needs of the reservoir engineer, the equation of state developer and the PVT laboratory, with anonymous field examples making this a valuable resource for both training and for reference.

Trans IChemE, Vol 76, Part A, July 1998

...Sometimes a book demands to be written. One of the best examples of this is the first SPE monograph of Pressure Buildup and Glow Tests and Wells. (1966), Matthews and Russell, which collected and collated, for the first time, the theories on well testing postulated in myriad papers on the subject since the 1940s. I believe the Dr. Danesh has satisfied a similar demand with his authoritative book on PVT / Phase behaviour. Such a modern compilation of all the developments in these complex subjects is long overdue and the book is thorough and thoughtfully written by an expert in these subjects.

...The chapters include a review of basic thermodynamics and classification of hydrocarbon systems, fluid sampling and laboratory experiments, correlations of PVT properties (which we all rely upon), phase equilibria and equations of state for complex hydrocarbon systems, gas injection and, of particular importance, how to input PVT data to compositional numerical simulation models.

Dr. Danesh's book is one that will travel with me everywhere in my suitcase.
L. Dake, Reservoir Engineer, August 1998

...This book provides both a sound introduction to PVT and its application in reservoir engineering, and a wealth of detail and reference material for the more experienced engineer.
A. Stephen, Transactions Journal Series, 1998
...The text is an excellent text for master's level petroleum engineering training, as it is well supplemented with exercises, and also serves the in-depth needs of the specialist in the field. For geoscientists, the text is recommended for their reference use, being most valuable to geochemists working closely in reservoir characterisation and development.
P.W.M. Corbett, Marine and Petroleum Geology, April 2000

Table of Contents

Preface. Nomenclature. Phase Behaviour Fundamentals. Reservoir Fluid Composition. Phase Behaviour. Pure compound. Corresponding states. Multicomponent mixture. Classification of Reservoir Fluids. Dry gas. Wet gas. Gas condensate. Volatile oil. Black oil. References. Exercises. PVT Tests and Correlations. Fluid Sampling. Well preparation. Sample collection. PVT Tests 38. Dry gas. Wet gas. Black oil. Gas condensate. Volatile oil. Emperical Correlations. Black oil. (Bubble point pressure. Gas in solution. Oil formation volume factor. Total formation volume factor. Oil density. Oil viscosity). Natural gas. (Volumetric data. Gas viscosity). Formation water. (Water content of hydrocarbon phase. Hydrocarbon solubility in water. Water formation volume factor. Compressibility of water. Water density. Water viscosity). References. Exercises. Phase Equilibria. Criteria for Equilibrium. Chemical potential. Fugacity. Activity. Equilibrium Ratio. Raoult's law. Henry's law. Emperical correlations. References. Exercises. Equations of State.Viral EOS and its Modifications. Starling-Benedict-Webb-Rubin EOS. Cubic Equations of State. Two-parameter EOS. (Soave-Redlich-Kwong EOS. Peng-Robinson EOS. Volume shift). Three-parameter EOS. (Schmidt-Wenzel EOS, Patel-Teja EOS). Attracting term temperature dependency. Mixing Rules. Random mixing rules. Non-random mixing rules. References. Exercises. Phase Behaviour Calculations. Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium Calculations. Root selection. Rapid flash calculations. Stability Analysis. Stability limit. Critical Point Calculations. Compositional Grading. Equilibrium assumption. Non-equilibrium fluids. Heat of transport. Significance. References. Exercises. Fluid Characterisation. Experimental Methods. Distillation. Gas chromatography. Critical properties. Lee-Kesler correlations. Riazi-Daubert correlations. Perturbation expansion correlations. Description of Fluid Heavy End. Single carbon number function. Continuous description. Direct application. References. Exercises. Gas Injection. Miscibility Concepts. Miscibility in Real Reservoir Fluids. Experimental Studies. Slim tube. Rising bubble apparatus. Contact experiments. Prediction of Miscibility Conditions. First contact miscibility. Vaporising gas drive. Condensing-vaporising gas drive. References. Exercises. Interfacial Tension. Measurement Methods. Prediction of Interfacial Tension. Parachor method. Corresponding states correlation. Comparison of predictive methods. Water-Hydrocarbon Interfacial Tension. References. Exercises. Application in Reservoir Simulation. Grouping. Group selection. Group properties. Composition retrieval. Comparison of EOS. Phase composition. Saturation pressure. Density. Gas and liquid volumes. Robustness. Tuning of EOS. Fluid characterisation. Selection of EOS. Experimental data. Selection of regression variables. Limits of tuned parameters. Methodology. Dynamic Validation of Model. Relative permeability function. Viscosity prediction. Implementation. Evaluation of Reservoir Fluid Samples. References.Exercises. Appendices. Index.